Nutritional Disorders Telehealth Network Project
Appetite Interventions - Overweight
Stimulus control strategies are a type of behavioral interventions for weight management that are supported by research as being efficacious. Stimulus control strategies involve identification and modification of environmental factors that influence eating patterns. The goal of stimulus control strategies is to reduce environmental characteristics or situations that serve to trigger maladaptive eating behaviors, such as excessive oral caloric intake.
Alleviation of constipation through fluids, fibers, and medications.
Behavioral methods are useful in increasing food variety in youth who are overweight or obese. Behavioral methods include the use of repeated exposure to new foods and varied textures, positive reinforcement for trying new foods or textures, and use of ignoring (extinction procedures) or punishment for reducing unwanted behaviors related to trying new foods and textures. The goal of these methods is to increase the child’s acceptance of a variety of foods thereby improving the quality of their oral intake which in turn promotes feelings of satiation and fullness.
A child's excess weight puts them at an increased risk for a variety of weight-related medical conditions. Certain medical conditions may also contribute to the child’s increased weight. Therefore, it is important that providers be aware of the possible disorders that contribute to obesity, and the weight-related medical conditions that can be a consequence of obesity.