Steven D. Pinkerton, PhD

Director, IMPACT Science Core
Director, Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Program

Steven D. Pinkerton, PhDDr. Pinkerton's main research interests include the use of mathematical models of HIV/STD transmission to assess disease-related outcomes associated with behavioral change interventions and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of these interventions; basic human sexuality research, with a focus on factors that enhance or protect against the risk of HIV/STD acquisition or transmission; sexual behavior assessment strategies and instrumentation; and the impact of HIV/AIDS policy on efforts to control the pandemic

Contact Information
(414) 955-7700  |  Fax: (414) 287-4206

PhD: Personality Psychology; University of California, Los Angeles
MA: Psychology; University of California, Los Angeles
MS: Computer Science; University of California, Los Angeles
MA: Mathematics; University of California, Berkeley
BA: Mathematics; University of California, Berkeley

Selected Bibliography
Pinkerton, S.D. (2012). HIV transmission rate modeling: A primer, review, and extension. AIDS & Behavior, 16, 791-796.

Pinkerton, S.D. (2011). How many HIV infections are prevented by Vancouver Canada’s supervised injection facility? International Journal of Drug Policy, 22, 179-183.

Pinkerton, S.D., Chesson, H.W., Crosby, R.A., & Layde, P.M. (2011).  Linearity and non-linearity in HIV/STI transmission dynamics: Implications for the evaluation of sexual risk reduction interventions. Evaluation Review, 35, 550-565.

Benotsch, E.G., Martin, A.M., Espil, F.M., Nettles, C.D., Seal, D.W., & Pinkerton, S.D. (2010). Internet use, recreational travel, and HIV risk behaviors in men who have sex with men. Journal of Community Health. DOI: 10.1007/s10900-010-9321-y

Pinkerton, S.D. (2010). Is Vancouver Canada's supervised injection facility cost-saving? Addiction, 201, 1429-1436.

Pinkerton, S.D., Galletly, C.L., McAuliffe, T.L., DiFranceisco, W., Raymond, H.F., & Chesson, H.W. (2010). Aggregate vs. individual-level sexual behavior assessment: How much detail is needed to accurately estimate HIV/STI risk? Evaluation Review, 34, 19-34.

Pinkerton, S.D., Bogart, L.M., Howerton, D., Snyder, S., Becker, K., & Asch, S.M. (2010). Cost of rapid HIV testing at 45 US hospitals. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 24(7), 409-413.

Pinkerton, S.D., & Holtgrave, D.R. (2010). Cost-effectiveness: A key step in technology transfer. In W. Pequegnat, E. Stover, & C. Boyce (eds.), How to Write a Successful Research Grant Application: A Guide for Social and Behavioral Scientists (2nd edition).

Randolph, M.E., Pinkerton, S.D., Somlai, A.M., Kelly, J.A., McAuliffe, T.L., Gibson, R.H., & Hackl, K. (2009). Seriously mentally ill women's safer sex behaviors and the theory of reasoned action. Health Education & Behavior, 36(5), 948-958.

Pinkerton, S.D., Bogart, L.M., Howerton, D., Snyder, S., Becker, K., & Asch, S.M. (2009). Cost of OraQuick oral fluid rapid HIV testing at 35 community clinics and community-based organizations in the USA. AIDS Care, 21(9), 1157-1162.

Galletly, C.L., DiFranceisco, W., & Pinkerton, S.D. (2009).  HIV-positive persons' awareness and understanding of their state's criminal HIV disclosure law. AIDS & Behavior, 13(6), 1262-1269..

Galletly, C.L. & Pinkerton, S.D. (2008). Preventing HIV transmission via HIV exposure laws: Applying logic and mathematical modeling to compare statutory approaches to penalizing undisclosed exposure to HIV. Journal of Law, Medicine, & Ethics, 36, 577-584. PMCID: PMC2603033

Galletly, C.L., Pinkerton, S.D., & Petroll, A.E. (2008). CDC recommendations for opt-out testing and reactions to unanticipated HIV diagnoses. AIDS Patient Care and STDS, 22, 189-193. PMCID: PMC2728134

Petroll, A.E., Galletly, C.L., & Pinkerton, S.D. (2008). Updated CDC guidelines for HIV testing: A review for Wisconsin practitioners. Wisconsin Medical Journal, 107, 84-90. PMCID: PMC2536748

Pinkerton, S.D., Pearson, C.R., Eachus, S.R., Berg, K.M., and Grimes, R.M. (2008). Proposal for the development of a standardized protocol for assessing the economic costs of HIV prevention interventions. Journal of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromes, 47 (1), S10-S14. PMCID: PMC2536744

Pinkerton, S.D., Holtgrave, D.R., & Galletly, C.L. (2008). Infections prevented by increasing HIV serostatus awareness in the U.S., 2001-2004. Journal of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromes, 47, 354-357. PMCID: PMC2408958

Pinkerton, S.D. (2008). Probability of HIV transmission during acute infection in Rakai, Uganda. AIDS and Behavior, 12(5), 677-684. PMCID: PMC2614120

Pinkerton, S.D. (2008). Acute HIV infection increases the dangers of serosorting. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 35(2), 184. PMCID: PMC2639263

Pinkerton, S.D. & Galletly, C.L. (2007). HIV serostatus disclosure, condoms and HIV/STD prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 34, 729.

Pinkerton, S.D., Galletly, C.L., & Seal, D.W. (2007). Model-based estimates of HIV acquisition due to prison rape. The Prison Journal, 87, 295-310.

Pinkerton, S.D., Holtgrave, D.R., Johnson-Masotti, A.P., Turk, M.E, Hackl, K.L., DiFranceisco, W., & the NIMH Multisite HIV Prevention Trial Group (2002). Cost-effectiveness of the NIMH Multisite HIV prevention intervention. AIDS and Behavior, 6, 83-96.

Pinkerton, S.D., Layde, P.M., & the NIMH Multisite HIV Prevention Trial Group (2002). Using sexually transmitted disease incidence as a surrogate marker for HIV incidence in prevention trials: A modeling study. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 29, 298-307.

Pinkerton, S.D., Wagner-Raphael, L.I., Craun, C.A., & Abramson, P.R. (2000). A quantitative study of the accuracy of college students' HIV risk estimates. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 5(1), 1-25.

Johnson-Masotti, A.P., Laud, P.W., Hoffman, R.G., Hayat, M.J., & Pinkerton, S.D. (2000). Bayesian-based cost-effectiveness analysis of HIV prevention. Evaluation Review (Submission), 39 pgs.

Pinkerton, S.D., Holtgrave, D.R., DiFranceisco, W., Semaan, S., Coyle, S.L., & Johnson-Masotti, A.P. (2000). Cost-threshold analyses of the National AIDS Demonstration Research HIV prevention interventions. AIDS, 14(9), 1257-1268.

Pinkerton, S.D., Wagner-Raphael, L.I., Craun, C.A., & Abramson, P.R. (2000). A quantitative study of the accuracy of college students' HIV risk estimates. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 5(1), 1-25.

Pinkerton, S.D., Abramson, P.R., Kalichman, S.C., Catz, S.L., & Johnson-Masotti, A.P. (2000). Secondary HIV transmission rates in a mixed-gender sample. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 11, 38-44.

Pinkerton, S.D.., Chesson, H.W., Holtgrave, D.R., Kassler, W., & Layde, P.M. (2000). When is an HIV infection prevented and when is it merely delayed. Evaluation Review, 24(3), 251-271.

Pinkerton, S.D., Abramson, P.R. & Holtgrave, D.R. (1999). What is a condom worth? AIDS and Behavior, 3(4), 301-312.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Holtgrave, D.R. (1999). Economic impact of delaying or preventing AIDS in persons with HIV. American Journal of Managed Care, 5, 289-298.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Holtgrave, D.R. (1999). Combination antiretroviral therapies for HIV: Some economic considerations. In D.G. Ostrow & S.C. Kalichman (Eds). Psychosocial and Public Health Impacts of New HIV Therapies. New York: Plenum Press.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Holtgrave, D.R. (1998). A method for evaluating the economic efficiency of HIV behavioral risk reduction interventions. AIDS and Behavior, 2, 189-201.

Pinkerton, S.D., Holtgrave, D.R., DiFranceisco, W.J., Stevenson, L.Y., & Kelly, J.A. (1998). Cost-effectiveness of a community-level HIV risk reduction intervention. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1239-1242.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Abramson, P.R. (1998). The Bernoulli-process model of HIV transmission: Applications and implications. In D.R. Holtgrave (ed.), Handbook of Economic Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs. New York: Plenum Press, 13-33.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Holgrave, D.R. (1998). A method for evaluating the economic efficiency of HIV behavioral risk reduction interventions. AIDS and Behavior, 2, 189-201.

Pinkerton, S.D., Holtgrave, D.R., & Bloom, F.R. (1998). Cost-effectiveness of post-exposure prophylaxis following sexual exposure to HIV. AIDS, 12, 1067-1078.

Pinkerton, S.D., Holtgrave, D.R., Leviton, L.C., Wagstaff, D.A., & Abramson, P.R. (1998). Model-based evaluation of HIV prevention interventions. Evaluation Review, 22, 155-174.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Abramson, P.R. (1997). Effectiveness of condoms in preventing HIV transmission. Science & Medicine, 44, 1303-1312.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Abramson, P.R. (1997). Condoms and the prevention of AIDS. American Scientist, 85, 364-373.

Pinkerton, S.D., Holtgrave, D.R., & Pinkerton, H.J. (1997). Cost-effectiveness of chemoprophylaxis after occupational exposure to HIV. Archives of Internal Medicine, 157, 1972-1980.

Pinkerton, S.D., Holtgrave, D.R., & Valdiserri, R.O. (1997). Cost-effectiveness of HIV prevention skills training for men who have sex with men. AIDS, 11, 347-357.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Abramson, P.R. (1996). Occasional condom use and HIV risk reduction. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology, 13, 456-460.

Abramson, P.R. & Pinkerton, S.D. (1995). With Pleasure: Thoughts on the Nature of Human Sexuality. New York: Oxford University Press.

Abramson, P.R. & Pinkerton, S.D. (Editors) (1995). Sexual Nature/Sexual Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Abramson, P.R. (1995). The joys of diversification: Vaccines, condoms, and AIDS prevention. AIDS & Public Policy Journal, 10, 148-156.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Abramson, P.R. (1993). HIV vaccines: A magic bullet in the fight against AIDS? Evaluation Review, 17, 579-602.

Pinkerton, S.D. & Abramson, P.R. (1992). Is risky sex rational? The Journal of Sex Research, 29, 561-568.