Repetitive Motion Injuries
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome is essentially a pinched nerve at the wrist. The carpal tunnel is the space where the median nerve and tendons pass from the forearm to the hand. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when there is swelling in this tunnel putting pressure on the median nerve. Symptoms include numbness, tingling and pain. Symptoms may be relieved through therapy or wearing wrist splints. Steroid injections are also an option. If these treatments do not improve the condition, surgery may be required to release the carpal tunnel and take away pressure on the median nerve.
De Quervain's Tendonitis
De Quervain’s tendonitis is irritation or inflammation of the wrist tendons at the base of the thumb. This condition makes grasping or holding objects or making a fist painful. Some treatments for this condition include wearing a splint, cortisone injections or making adjustments in movements which aggravate the condition. If these treatments do not improve the condition, surgery may be recommended to make more space for the inflamed tendons.
There are two types of epicondylitis: lateral and medial. Lateral epicondylitis, also known as tennis elbow, is the more common of the two. Both are typically overuse injuries, causing pain and inflammation of the tendons near the elbow that attach to the humerus (the upper arm bone). Treatment can include activity modification, medications, splinting, therapy, and/or surgery.
Trigger finger is an irritation of the sheath that surrounds the flexor tendons, sometimes causing the tendon to catch and release like a trigger. It can be corrected during an outpatient procedure under local anesthetic, and it generally takes less than 1 hour.