Center for AIDS Intervention Research (CAIR)

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Jeffrey A. Kelly, PhD

Jeffrey A. Kelly, PhD
Professor and Director, CAIR

Dr. Kelly has devoted his attention almost exclusively to HIV/AIDS behavioral research since the mid-1980s within the areas of HIV primary prevention interventions, interventions to reduce adverse health consequences among infected persons, and research related to the transfer of HIV prevention research advances to AIDS service providers. He has evaluated interventions carried out at the level of individuals, groups, social networks, and communities with a variety of vulnerable populations.

Contact Information
Telephone: 414.955.7700
Fax: 414.287.4209

PhD: Clinical Psychology; University of Kentucky, Lexington
MA:  Clinical Psychology; University of Kentucky, Lexington
BA:  Psychology; Case Western Reserve University

Kelly, J.A., Amirkhanian, Y.A., Kabakchieva, E., Vassileva, S., McAuliffe, T.L., DiFranceisco, W.J., Antonova, R., Petrova, E., Khoursine, R.A., Vassilev, B., and Dimitrov, B. (2006). Outcomes of a randomized controlled HIV/STD prevention trial with high-risk social networks of young Roma (Gypsy) men in Sofia, Bulgaria: Randomized, controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 333, 1953-1955.

Kelly, J.A., Somlai, A.M., Benotsch, E.G., McAuliffe, T.L., Amirkhanian, Y.A., Brown, K.D., Stevenson, L.Y., Fernandez, M.I., Sitzler, C., Gore-Felton, C., Pinkerton, S.D., Weinhardt, L.S., and Opgenorth, K.M. (2004). Distance communication transfer of HIV prevention interventions to service providers. Science, 305, 1953-1954.

Kelly, J.A., Murphy, D.A., Sikkema, K.J., McAuliffe, T.L., Roffman, R.A., Solomon, L.J., Winett, R.A., Kalichman, S.C., & the Community HIV Prevention Research Collaborative (1997). Randomized, controlled community-level HIV prevention intervention for sexual risk behavior among homosexual men in U.S. cities. The Lancet, 350, 1500-1505.

Kelly, J.A., DiFranceisco, W.J., St. Lawrence, J.S., Amirkhanian, Y.A., & Anderson-Lamb, M. (2014). Situational, partner, and contextual factors associated with level of risk at most recent intercourse among Black men who have sex with men. AIDS and Behavior, 18, 26-35. PMCID: PMC3868642

Kelly, J.A., St. Lawrence, J.S., Amirkhanian, Y.A., DiFranceisco, W.J., Anderson-Lamb, M., Garcia, L., & Nguyen, M.T. (2013). Levels and predictors of HIV risk behavior among Black men who have sex with men. AIDS Education and Prevention, 25, 49-60. PMCID: PMC4067001

Kelly, J.A., Amirkhanian, Y.A., Seal, D.W., Galletly, C.M., DiFranceisco, W., Glasman, L.R., Stevenson, L.Y., & Rosado, N. (2010). Levels and predictors of sexual HIV risk in social networks of men who have sex with men in the Midwest. AIDS Education and Prevention, 22(6), 483-496. PMCID: PMC4103004

Kelly, J.A., Morin, S.F., Remien, R.H., Steward, W.T., Higgins, J.A., Seal, D.W., Dubrow, R., Atkinson, J.H., Kerndt, P.R., Pinkerton, S.D., Mayer, K., & Sikkema, K.J. (2009). Lessons learned about behavioral science and acute/early HIV infection. The NIMH multisite acute HIV infection study: V. AIDS Behavior. DOI: 10.1007/s10461-009-9579-1. PMCID: PMC2787956

Kelly, J.A., Spielberg, F., and McAuliffe, T.L. (2008). Defining, designing, implementing, and evaluating phase 4 HIV prevention effectiveness trials for vulnerable populations. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 47 (1), S28-S33. PMCID: PMC2409151

Kelly, J.A., Somlai, A.M., DiFranceisco, W.J., Otto-Salaj, L.L., McAuliffe, T.L., Hackl, K.L., Heckman, T.G., Holtgrave, D.R., & Rompa, D. (2000). Bridging the gap between the science and the service of HIV prevention: Transferring effective research-based HIV prevention interventions to community AIDS service providers. American Journal of Public Health, 90, 1082-1088.

Kelly, J.A., & Amirkhanian, Y.A. (2003). The newest epidemic: A review of HIV/AIDS in Central and Eastern Europe. International Journal of STD and AIDS, 14, 361-371.

Amirkhanian, Y.A., Kelly, J.A., Kukharsky, A.A., Borodkina, O.I., Granskaya, J.V., Dyatlov, R.V., McAuliffe, T.L., & Kozlov, A.P. (2000). Patterns and predictors of HIV risk behavior in a large community sample of Russian men who have sex with men: Evidence of a new emerging epidemic in Eastern Europe. 32 pgs.

Amirkhanian, Y.A., Kelly, J.A., & Issayev, D.D. (2000). AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in Russia: Results of a population-based, random-digit telephone survey in St. Petersburg. International Journal of STDs and AIDS, 29 pgs.

Bogart, L.M., Kelly, J.A., Catz, S.L., & Sosman, J.M. (2000). Impact of medical and nonmedical factors on physician decision making for HIV/AIDS antiretroviral treatment. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 23(5), 396-404.

Kelly, J.A. (2000). Behavior changes and disease prevention: MCW research shows effectiveness of HIV/AIDS risk reduction intervention. Wisconsin Medical Journal, 41-43,47.

Kelly, J.A., & Kalichman, S.C. (2000). Behavioral research in HIV/AIDS primary and secondary prevention: Recent advances and future directions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 44 pgs.

Otto-Salaj, L.L., Kelly, J.A., Stevenson, L.Y., Hoffmann, R., & Kalichman, S.C. (2000). Outcomes of a randomized small-group HIV prevention intervention trial for people with serious mental illness. Community Mental Health Journal, 26 pgs.

Kelly, J.A. (1999). Some lessons learned in the United States about what works and what doesn't work in efforts to prevent HIV/AIDS. Russian Journal of HIV/AIDS and Related Problems, 3, 15-21.

Kelly, J.A. (1999). Community-level interventions are needed to prevent new HIV infections. (Invited Commentary). American Journal of Public Health, 89, 299-301.

Kelly, J.A., Sikkema, K.J., & Holtgrave, D.R. (1999). Community outreach and education. In K.K. Holmes, P.F. Sparling, P. Mordh, S.M. Lemon, W.E. Stamm, P. Piot, & Wasserheit (Eds.), Sexually Transmitted Disease, 3rd Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Kelly, J.A., Otto-Salaj, L.L., Sikkema, K.J., Pinkerton, S.D., & Bloom, F.R. (1998). Implications of HIV treatment advances for behavioral research on AIDS: Protease inhibitors and new challenges in HIV secondary prevention. Health Psychology, 17, 310-319.

Kelly, J.A., Hoffmann, R.G., Rompa, D., & Gray, M. (1998). Protease inhibitor combination therapies and perceptions of gay men regarding AIDS severity and perceived need to maintain safer sex. AIDS, 12, F91-F95.

Kelly, J.A. (1997). HIV risk reduction intervention for persons with serious mental illness. Clinical Psychology Review, 17, 293-309.

Kelly, J.A., McAuliffe, T., Sikkema, K.J., Murphy, D.R., Somlai, A.M., Mulry, G., Miller, J.G., Stevenson, L.Y., & Fernandez, M.I. (1997). Reduction in risk behavior among adults with severe mental illness who learned to advocate HIV prevention. Psychiatric Services, 48, 1283-1288.

Kelly, J.A. (1996). Research highlights at the Medical College of Wisconsin's Center for AIDS Intervention Research: Advances in HIV primary and secondary prevention. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 12, 1393-1395.

Kelly, J.A. (1995). Changing HIV risk behavior: Practical strategies. New York: Guildford Press.

Kelly, J.A., Sikkema, K.J., Winett, R.A., Solomon, L.J., Roffman, R.A., Heckman, T.G., Stevenson, L.Y., Perry, M.J., Norman, A.D., & Desiderato, L.L. (1995). Factors predicting continued high HIV risk behavior among gay men in small cities: Psychological, behavioral, and demographic characteristics related to unsafe sex. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 101-107.

Kelly, J.A. (1995). Advances in HIV/AIDS education and prevention. (Invited article). Family Relations, 44, 345-352.

Kelly, J.A., & Kalichman, S.C. (1995). Increased attention to human sexuality can improve HIV/AIDS prevention efforts: Key research issues and directions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 907-918.

Kelly, J.A., & Kalichman, S.C. (1995). Reinforcement value of unsafe sex as a predictor of HIV/AIDS risk behavior: Implications for theory and AIDS prevention efforts. Health Psychology, 17, 328-325.

Kelly, J.A., Murphy, D.A., Sikkema, K.J., Somlai, A.M., Mulry, G., Fernandez, M.I., Miller, J.G., Stevenson, L.Y. (1995). Predictors of high and low levels of HIV risk behavior among adults with chronic mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 46, 813-818.

Kelly, J.A., Murphy, D.A., Washington, C.D., Wilson, T.S., Koob, J.J., Davis, D.R., Ledezma, G., & Davantes, B. (1994). Effects of HIV/AIDS intervention for high-risk women in urban primary health clinics. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 1918-1922.

Kelly, J.A. (1994). Sexually-transmitted disease prevention approaches that work: Interventions to reduce risk among individuals, groups, and communities. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 21, 73-75.

Kelly, J.A., Murphy, D.A. et al. (1993). Predictors of severity of depression among persons with HIV infection. Health Psychology, 215-219.

Kelly, J.A., Murphy, D.A., Bahr, Et al. (1993). Outcomes of cognitive-behavioral and support group brief therapies for depressed HIV-infected persons. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 1679-1686.

Kelly, J.A., Murphy, D.A., Roffman, R.E., Solomon, L.J., Winett, R.A., Stevenson, L.Y. et al. (1992). AIDS/HIV risk behavior among gay men in small cities: Findings of a 16-city sample. Archives of Internal Medicine, 152, 2293-2297.

Kelly, J.A., St. Lawrence, J.S., Stevenson, L.Y., Hauth, A.C., Kalichman, S.C., Murphy, D.A. et al. (1992). Community AIDS/HIV risk reduction: The effects of endorsements by popular people in three cities. American Journal of Public Health, 82, 1483-1489.

Kelly, J.A., St. Lawrence, J.S., Diaz, Y.E., Stevenson, L.Y., Hauth, A.C., Brasfield, T.L., Kalichman, S.C., Smith, J.E., & Andrew, M.E. (1991). HIV risk behavior reduction following intervention with key opinion leaders of a population: An experimental community level analysis. American Journal of Public Health, 81, 168-171.

Kelly, J.A., St. Lawrence, J.S., Hood, H.V., & Brasfield, T.L. (1989). Behavioral intervention to reduce AIDS risk activities. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 60-67.

Contact Us

Phone: 414-955-7700
Fax: 414-287-4206

Center for AIDS Intervention Research (CAIR)
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine
2071 North Summit Avenue
Milwaukee, WI  53202
© 2014 Medical College of Wisconsin
Page Updated 09/23/2014