Endocrinology, Metabolism and Clinical Nutrition

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CURRICULUM VITAE                                                                                           Updated 03/2014

Hershel Raff, Ph.D.
Professor of Medicine, Surgery, and Physiology
Medical College of Wisconsin

 

Office Address:                                   St. Luke's Physician's Office Building Suite 245
                                                         2801 W. Kinnickinnic River Parkway
                                                         Milwaukee, WI 53215
                                                         hraff@mcw.edu or hershel.raff@aurora.org

 

Education:

1975    B.A.                Union College (Music with distinction in the Arts), Schenectady, NY
1981    Ph.D.              Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, Delta Omega
                                (Environmental Physiology in the laboratory of Dr. Robert S. Fitzgerald)

Postgraduate Training and Fellowship Appointments:

1980 ‑ 1983                 NRSA Post‑Doctoral Fellow, Department of Physiology, University of California ‑ San Francisco, California (in the laboratory of Dr. Mary F. Dallman)

Faculty Appointments:

1983 ‑ 1987                 Assistant Professor of Medicine, Assistant Professor of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
1987 ‑ 1991                 Associate Professor of Medicine, Associate Professor of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin.
1988 ‑ 1991                 Adjunct (Visiting) Associate Professor of Physiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL
1991 ‑ 1998                 Adjunct (Honorary Visiting) Professor of Physiology, University of Florida College of Medicine.
1999 - 2001                 Clinical Professor, Department of Health Sciences, School of Allied Health Professionals, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, WI.
2000 – Present            Adjunct Professor, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Marquette University College of Health Science, Milwaukee, WI
1989 ‑ Present             Graduate Faculty of the College, Medical College of Wisconsin
2011 ‑ Present             Professor of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin
1991 ‑ Present             Professor of Medicine (with Tenure), Professor of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin

Hospital and Administrative Appointments:

1983 - Present             Scientific Director and Clinical Supervisor, Endocrine Research Laboratory
                                  Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center, Aurora Research Institute, Milwaukee, WI
                                  CAP #17782-04  -  CLIA ID# 52D0881919  -  Maryland Permit #1647.

Awards, Honors:

1975                           cum laude with Distinction in the Arts, Union College
1981                           Delta Omega ‑ Honorary Public Health Society
1990                           Society of Teaching Scholars, Medical College of Wisconsin (Inaugural Inductee)
1993                           The Harry Beckman Basic Science Teaching Award presented by the Senior Class of the Medical College of Wisconsin
2001                           The Harry Beckman Basic Science Teaching Award presented by the Senior Class of the Medical College of Wisconsin
2001                           Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Student Award for Outstanding Teacher, Medical College of Wisconsin
2004                           Louis D’Agrosa Memorial Lecture, St. Louis University School of Medicine (October)
2005                           Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (February)
2005                           Elected to Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA), Medical College of Wisconsin (April)
2006                           Outstanding Reviewer Recognition Award, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
2008                           MCW Outstanding Medical Student Teacher for 2007-2008
2009                           MCW Outstanding Medical Student Teacher for 2008-2009
2010                           Collaborative Research Award, Aurora Health Care
2010                           MCW Outstanding Medical Student Teacher for 2009-2010
2011                           The Harry Beckman Basic Science Teaching Award presented by the Senior Class of the Medical College of Wisconsin
2011                           MCW Outstanding Medical Student Teacher for 2010-2011
2012                           MCW Outstanding Faculty Service Award
2013                           MCW Outstanding Medical Student Teacher for 2012-2013

Memberships in Professional and Honorary Societies:

American Physiological Society

              Program Advisory Committee (1989‑92)
              Steering Committee ‑ 1991 Fall Meeting
              Long-Range Planning Committee (1996-98)
              Publications Committee (2000-2003)
              Chair, Task Force on Classic Papers (2002-2006)
              Chair, Publications Committee (2011-2014)
                                  Finance Committee, Nominating Committee, Council (Ex officio)
              APS Representative to the FASEB Journal Editorial Board (2012-present)
              Physiology Joint Management Board (2012-present)
              Physiological Reports Joint Management Board (2012-present)
              Water and Electrolyte Homeostasis Steering Committee (2013-present)

Endocrine Society

              Advisory Panel, Endocrine News (1993)
              Associate Editor, Endocrine News (1994-1998)
              Development Committee (2000-2003); Chair – (2001-2003); Ex officio (2003-2005)
              Finance Committee (Ex-Officio 2001-2007)
              ENDO2003 Task Force on Cardiovascular Endocrinology Theme
              Secretary-Treasurer Elect (2003-2004)
              Council (Ex-officio 2003-2004; Voting 2004-2007)
              Executive Committee (2003-2007)
              Performance and Compensation Steering Committee (2003-2007, Chair 2004-2007)
              Publications Oversight Committee (Ex-Officio 2004-2007)
                                  New Initiatives Subcommittee (Ex-Officio 2004-2007)
                                  Journals Management Subcommittee (Ex-Officio 2004-2007)
                                  Journals Operations Subcommittee (Ex-Officio 2004-2007)
                                  Publications Strategic Analysis Task Force (2005-2006)
              Corporate Liaison Board (Ex-Officio 2003-2006)
              Hormone Foundation Committee (Ex-Officio 2004-2007)
              Secretary-Treasurer (2004-2007)
                                  Chair, Androgen Assay Working Group (2005-2006)
              Publications Core Committee (2007-2010)
                                  Educational Publications Task Force, Chair (2008)
              Trainee and Career Development Core Committee (2010-2011)
              ENDO2012 Abstract Reviewer (2011)
              ENDO2013 Abstract Reviewer (2012)
              Committee on Governance Affairs (2012-2014)
              ENDO2014 Abstract Reviewer (2013)

Sigma Xi

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
              APS Representative to the Section on Biological Sciences (1999-2001)
              Fellow in Biological Sciences (2005)

American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, National Silver Member

Alpha Omega Alpha – Honor Medical Society (Elected 2005)

 

Editorships:

Associate Editor, American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative, and Comparative Physiology, 1993-1995
Associate Editor, Endocrine News (a publication of the Endocrine Society), 1994-1998
Faculty of 1000, Physiology, Head of the Endocrinology Section, 2004-Present
Associate Editor, Advances in Physiology Education, 2005-2011
Topic Editor, Comprehensive Physiology – Adrenal Gland and Stress (2012-Present)

Editorial Boards:

American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative, and Comparative Physiology
              1986‑1992 (Associate Editor 1993-1995), 1996
American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, 1988‑1994
Domestic Animal Endocrinology, 1993-1996
Endocrinology, 2005-2008
American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 2007-2011
UpToDate Peer Reviewer for Endocrinology, 2008-present
Endocrine, 2011-present
FASEB Journal, 2012-present
International Editorial Board, IBIMA Publishing - International Journal of Case Reports in Medicine, 2014-present

Guest Reviewer:

Lancet, Journal of Clinical Investigation, New England Journal of Medicine, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Annals of Internal Medicine, American Heart Journal, Regulatory Peptides, Chest, Hypertension, Acta Endocrinologica, American Journal of Physiology, Circulation Research, Journal of Applied Physiology, Neuroendocrinology, Endocrinology, Peptides, Southern Medical Journal, American Review of Respiratory Disease, Domestic Animal Endocrinology, Prostaglandins, American Journal of Medical Sciences, Life Sciences, Journal of Physiology (London), Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Clinical Chemistry, Clinical Endocrinology,
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Biology of Reproduction, Central European Journal of Medicine, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Neuropeptides, Research in Veterinary Science,
Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, Experimental Neurology,
Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences, Metabolism, Neuroscience, Neuroscience Letters,
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology,Calcified Tissue International, European Journal of Endocrinology, Developmental Brain Research, Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology,
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Physiological Genomics, Archives Italiennes de Biologie, International Journal of Endocrinology, Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Postgraduate Medical Journal, Nature Endocrine Reviews, Steroids, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, International Journal of Chronic Diseases.

National/International Advisory Committees and/or Activities:

Veterans Administration Merit Review ‑ ad hoc reviewer
National Institutes of Health, Endocrinology Study Section ‑ Special Reviewer (February, 1992)
Louisiana Education Quality Support Fund ‑ Research Competitiveness Subprogram ‑ Out‑of‑state Expert (February, 1992)
American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) Space Physiology and Countermeasures Peer Review to NASA (March, 1992)
National Institutes of Health, International and Cooperative Projects (ICP) Study Section, (Member 1993-1997)
National Science Foundation, Reviewer, Integrative Animal Biology Grant (1995)
National Institutes of Health, International and Cooperative Projects (ICP) Study
              Section - Special Reviewer (February 1998; July 1998, October 1998, October 1999)
American Heart Association Great America 3B Affiliate Study Group (1999-2001)
National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Extramural Reviewer, (June 2002)
National Institutes of Health, Global Health Research Initiative Program (GRIP) Special Emphasis Panel (August, 2002)
National Institutes of Health, Human Embryology and Development 1 (HED1) Study Section, Special Reviewer (October, 2002)
National Institutes of Health, International and Cooperative Projects (ICP) Study
            Section - Special Reviewer (February 2003)
National Institutes of Health, Experimental Therapeutics Study Section (ET-2) Special Emphasis Panel on Hypoxia (April, 2003)
National Institutes of Health, Global Health Research Initiative Program (GRIP) Special Emphasis Panel ZRG1 ICP-2 (July, 2003)
Health Research Council of New Zealand, Referee (December, 2003)
National Institutes of Health, International and Cooperative Projects (ICP) Study Section - Special Reviewer (February 2004)
National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Extramural Reviewer, (August, 2004)
National Institutes of Health, Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition, and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group, Special Emphasis Panel, ZRG1 EMNR-F 02 (November, 2004)
National Institutes of Health, Global Health Research Initiative Program (GRIP) Special Emphasis Panel ZRG1 ICP-2 (December, 2004)
National Institutes of Health, International and Cooperative Projects (ICP) Study Section - Mail Reviewer (July 2005)
National Institutes of Health, Endocrinology, Metabolism, Nutrition and Reproductive Sciences Integrated Review Group, Ad Hoc Study Section, ZRG1 EMNR F(02) (November, 2005)
Cancer Research UK – Translational Research in Clinical Trials Committee, Ad Hoc Reviewer (July, 2008)
American Institute of Biological Sciences, Investigator-Initiated Research Awards PRMRP, Reviewer – Integrated Tissue Hypoxia Research Panel (September, 2008)
National Research Council Committee on Guidelines for Scientific Publications Involving Animal Studies – Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, ILAR – Ad hoc reviewer of report (July, 2011).
Partnership for the Accurate Testing of Hormones (PATH), Member (Elected 2013)

Community Advisory Committees and/or Activities:

American Heart Association Wisconsin Affiliate ‑ Research Peer Review Committee, 1989‑1993
Founder, Milwaukee Neuroendocrine Group (merged with Milwaukee Neuroscience Group)
Vince Lombardi Cancer Center Education/Control Committee, 1990‑2000
Milwaukee Neuroscience Group
Milwaukee Alumni Representative, Union College
Badger State Science and Engineering Fair Judge, 2007, 2008

Research Grants, Contracts, Awards:

HL07199        N.I.H. Predoctoral Fellow, Johns Hopkins Pulmonary Training Grant (1976‑1980); Trainee
AM06419       "Neuroendocrine Reflexes During Hypoxemia" National Research Service Award Individual Postdoctoral Fellowship in Neuroendocrinology.  Total Funds (1980‑83) $55,000; 100% Effort; Principal Investigator (Sponsor: Mary F. Dallman)
SLF                "Human Endocrine Control in Cardiopulmonary Disease", Siebert Lutheran Foundation, St. Luke's Hospital, Milwaukee, WI. Total Funds (1984‑1986) $150,000; Principal Investigator
RR05434        "Pituitary‑Adrenal Control in Neurohypophysectomized Dogs" Total Funds (1984‑1985) $5,000; Principal Investigator
84‑GA‑01       "The Renin‑Angiotensin‑Aldosterone System during Hypoxia" Total Funds (1984‑1985) $15,140; 30% Effort; Principal Investigator.
85‑GA‑44       "The Renin‑Angiotensin‑Aldosterone System during Hypoxia" Total Funds (1986) $12,518; 30% Effort; Principal Investigator
HL36681        "Vasopressin‑CRF‑ACTH Interactions", Total Funds (1986‑1987) $35,120; 50% Effort; Principal Investigator (This NIRA was converted to FIRST HL39103.)
Nichols           "Dynamic Studies of Pituitary‑Adrenal Function with the Use of a New Nichols Institute ACTH IRMA Assay", Total Funds (1989) $5,000; Principal Investigator
HL36289        "Fetal Chemoreceptor Control of Renin Secretion", University of Florida College of Medicine. Total Funds (1987‑1990) $186,906; 20% Effort; Co‑Investigator.
DK41015        "Adrenocortical Control in Patients with HIV Infection". Total Funds (1989‑1991) $110,687; 5% Effort; Co‑Principal Investigator and Study Coordinator.
DK43577        "Role of Oxygen in Aldosteronogenesis".  Total Funds (1990‑1993) $173,783; 25% Effort; Principal Investigator.
HL39103        "Vasopressin‑CRF‑ACTH Interactions". Total Funds (1987‑1996) $656,111; 55% Effort; Principal Investigator
DK54685-1     "Perinatal Hypoxia: Adrenocortical-Metabolic Adaptations".  Direct Funds (1999-2002) $578,552; 35% Effort; Principal Investigator
DK58145        “Nitric Oxide Regulation of Adrenal Steroidogenesis”. Direct Funds (2001-2005) $596,050, 5% Effort; Collaborating Investigator, (WB Campbell, PI)
DK54685-5     "Perinatal Hypoxia: Adrenocortical-Metabolic Adaptations".  Direct Funds (2003-2007) $704,000; 35% Effort; Principal Investigator
NR07765-01   “Effect of a Pain Protocol on Discomfort in Dementia”, Direct Funds (2007-2010) $2,009,093, Consultant. (C. Kovach, PI)
Rao Fund        “The Effect of Low Oxygen on Lipid Profiles in the Immature and Mature Heart”. Direct Funds (2008) $10,000.  Principal Investigator.
PP1509           "Bone mineral density in MS: Endogenous and exogenous factors", National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Direct Funds (2008-2010) $40,000, Consultant (A. Ng, PI).
AI067734-04   “Aldosterone: dual role in radiation nephropathy”, NIH/NIAID, Direct Funds (2008-2010) $196,805. Co-Investigator (E. Cohen, PI; J Moulder, U19 PI)
RR031973       “Serum Endocannabinoid Concentration and Salivary Cortisol in Patients with Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome”, NIH UL1/Clinical and Translational Science Institute of Southeast Wisconsin (CTSI), Direct Funds (2012-2014), $50,000/year. Co-Investigator (T. Venkatesan, PI)
HD033053-15 “Fetal Cardiovascular and Endocrine Reflex Responses”, NIH/NICHHD, Direct Funds $1,037,500. (2012-2016) Consultant (CE Wood, PI)
ACCRA         “Physician-Directed, Goal-Oriented Exercise Designed to Improve Quality of Life and Modulate Inflammation after Breast Cancer Treatment”. Aurora Cancer Care Research Award, Direct Funds $25,000 (2013-2014), Co-Investigator (J Tjoe, PI)

 

Invited Lectures, Workshops, Site Visits

1982               Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Baltimore, MD
1983               University of San Francisco, Department of Biology, San Francisco, CA
1983               Loma Linda University, Department of Physiology, Division of Perinatal Biology, Loma Linda, CA
1984               Johns Hopkins Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology, Baltimore, MD
1984               UMDNJ‑Robert Wood Johnson Medical School (Rutgers), Department of Medicine, Pulmonary Division, New Brunswick, NJ
1985               University of Tennessee, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Memphis, TN
1986               Wisconsin Association of Respiratory Therapists, Milwaukee, WI
1986               University of California, Davis. Department of Animal Physiology. Davis, CA
1986               Northwestern University Medical School, Department of Physiology. Chicago, IL
1987               State University of New York, Buffalo.  School of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Physiology, Buffalo, NY
1987               FASEB Symposium Organizer  ‑ American Physiological Society Centential Symposium: Cardiopulmonary‑Neuroendocrine Interactions and Speaker "Neuroendocrine Responses to Hypoxia and Hypercapnia", Washington, D.C.
1987               Second International Vasopressin Conference.  "Interaction of the Vasopressin and                       CRF‑ACTH‑adrenocortical Control Systems". Vermont
1988               University of Florida,College of Medicine.  Department of Medicine‑Division of Nephrology.  Gainesville, FL.
1988               University of Florida,College of Medicine.  Department of Physiology.  Gainesville, FL.
1988               Co‑chairman, Vasopressin Session. FASEB Annual Meeting (American Physiological Society Section), Las Vegas, NV.
1988               American Thoracic Society Annual Meeting. Clinical Topics In Pulmonary Medicine:  Fluid Balance in Acute and Chronic Lung Disease.  "The pituitary‑adrenal response to hypoxemia and hypercapnic acidosis", Las Vegas, NV.
1989               University of Florida, College of Medicine.  Department of Medicine‑Division of Nephrology. Gainesville, FL.
1989               University of Florida, College of Medicine.  Department of Physiology.  Gainesville, FL.
1989               Third Conference on the Adrenal Cortex.  "The effect of hypoxia (low PO2) on aldosterone secretion in vitro."  New Orleans, LA
1989               Sixth International Hypoxia Symposium.  Poster Symposium: "Adrenal glomerulosa cells are oxygen sensitive: low PO2 inhibits aldosteronogenesis in vitro."  Lake Louise, Canada
1990               University of Florida, College of Pharmacy.  Department of Pharmacodynamics.    Gainesville, FL
1990               University of Florida, College of Medicine.  Department of Physiology.  Gainesville, FL.
1990               FASEB/APS Meeting Session Chairman (Aldosterone). Washington, D.C.
1990               University of Wisconsin Medical School.  Gas Club, Madison, WI
1990               Boston University Department of Biology, Boston, MA
1991               University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Department of Physiology Biophysics, Memphis, TN, January, 1991
1991               Seventh International Hypoxia Symposium Organizer: Hormonal Control of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance in Hypoxic States, and Speaker:  "The renin‑angiotensin‑aldosterone system: is the adrenal an oxygen sensor?  Lake Louise, Canada, February, 1991.
1991               FASEB '91 Symposium Organizer: Endocrine Adaptation to Hypoxia; and Speaker: "Effect of hypoxia on the renin‑angiotensin‑aldosterone system".   Atlanta, Georgia, April, 1991
1991               FASEB '91 Meeting Session Chairman (Hypoxia, Altitude, Gravitational Biology I), Atlanta, Georgia, April, 1991
1991               Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Baltimore, MD, June, 1991
1991               APS Specialty Meeting: Interactions of the Endocrine and Cardiovascular Systems in Health and Disease; Steering Committee and Symposia Organizer: Mechanisms of Endocrine Hypertension; and Methods of Hormone Measurement, San Antonio, TX, September‑October
1991               Chicago Chapter, Society for Neuroscience, 1991 Fall Scientific Meeting.  Speaker, Neuroendocrine/Neuropeptide Workshop, "Role of glucocorticoids in the secretion of vasopressin", University of Illinois at Chicago, December, 1991
1992               FASEB/APS Workshop on Careers in Physiology. Speaker, "Career opportunities in a Department of Medicine, and as a director of a Clinical Laboratory". Anaheim, CA, April, 1992.
1992               University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, Endocrine Section, Endocrine Grand Rounds, "Use of petrosal sinus sampling and the new ACTH IRMA in the differential diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome". Madison, WI, May, 1992
1992               New York Academy of Science Conference: The Neurohypophysis: A Window on Brain Function.  Speaker: "Interactions between Neurohypophyseal Hormones and the ACTH‑adrenocortical Axis.  Dartmouth College, July, 1992
1992               University of Wisconsin Medical School Milwaukee Clinical Campus, Medical Research Seminar. "Role of Oxygen in Adrenal Steroidogenesis", September, 1992
1992               Update on Clinical Endocrinology. Speaker, "How Hormones Work: What Primary Care Physicians Should Know", Hyatt‑Regency, Milwaukee, October, 1992.
1992               Chicago Medical School, Department of Physiology, "Interactions between the Neurohypophysis and the Hypothalamic‑pituitary‑adrenal axis", November, 1992
1993               Middleton Veterans Administration Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin.  "Role of Oxygen in Adrenal Steroidogenesis", July, 1993
1993               Wisconsin Association for Biomedical Research, Milwaukee, WI.  "Discovery of Ovine CRH", November, 1993
1993               Wisconsin Psychiatric Association, Milwaukee, WI.  "Update on the Differential Diagnosis of Cushing's Disease."
1994               Chairman, Vasopressin Session, Experimental Biology 1994, Anaheim, CA.
1995               Chairman, Vasopressin Session, Experimental Biology 1995, Atlanta, GA.
1995               Midwest Neurobiologists 18th Annual Meeting, Presenter, April, UWM
1996               Speaker, Midwest Physiological Society, June, Milwaukee, WI
1996               Pediatric Update Pre-teleconference, The Female Athlete Triad, "Physiology of Calcium and Bone Metabolism - The Calciotropic Hormones, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, June, Milwaukee, WI
1996               Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Clinical Nutrition.  Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR.  "Use of immunometric assays in the diagnosis and treatment of Cushing's syndrome and hyperparathyroidism".  September.
1996               Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR.  "Regulation of adrenal steroidogenic enzyme function and expression during hypoxia".  September.
1997               Dupont Merck Pharmaceutical Company, Stine-Haskell Research Center, Newark DE.  "Interactions between vasopressin and the CRH-ACTH-adrenocortical control system. March.
1997               Kansas City Allergy and Asthma Association, Kansas City, MO.  "Systemic effects and HPA axis suppression with inhaled corticosteroids".  April
1997               Cincinnati Allergy and Asthma Society, Cincinnati, OH. "Systemic effects and HPA axis suppression with inhaled corticosteroids."  April
1997               Burns Clinic/North Michigan Hospital, Petoskey, MI. "Systemic effects and HPA   axis suppression with inhaled corticosteroids."  May
1997               23rd International Aldosterone Conference, Minneapolis, MN. "Aldosterone synthase (P450c11AS) activity and mRNA expression in adrenal cells from neonatal rats exposed to hypoxia from birth." June
1997               Co-Chair, Clinical: Adrenal Session: Endo '97 (79th Annual Endocrine Society Meeting), Minneapolis, MN. June
1997               Endocrinology and Metabolism Section, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, "Effect of Hypoxia on the Adrenal Cortex", July.
1997               Gundersen Clinic, LaCrosse, WI. "Systemic effects and HPA axis suppression with inhaled corticosteroids.", August
1997               Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MI. "Systemic effects and HPA axis suppression with inhaled corticosteroids". October
1997               Division of Endocrinology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MI. "Systemic effects and HPA axis suppression with inhaled corticosteroids". October
1998               Physician's Grand Rounds, Marquette General Hospital, Marquette, MI.
                      "Systemic effects and HPA axis suppression with inhaled corticosteroids". January
1998               Pulmonary Conference, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH.
                      "Systemic effects and HPA axis suppression with inhaled corticosteroids". January
1998               Endocrinology and Metabolism Section, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, "Update on the Diagnosis of Cushing's Syndrome", March.
1998               Medical Grand Rounds, Methodist Hospital, Indianapolis, IN, "Systemic effects and HPA axis suppression with inhaled corticosteroids". March
1998               Update on Clinical Endocrinology, Milwaukee, WI. "Effects of inhaled corticosteroids on the pituitary-adrenal axis and the skeleton", October
1999               Pediatric Endocrine Conference, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. "Neonatal hypoxia: endocrine metabolic interactions", June
1999               Pediatric Grand Rounds and Endocrine Grand Rounds, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. "Systemic effects of inhaled corticosteroids", June
1999               Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Illinois at Chicago, "Neonatal hypoxia: metabolic-adrenal adaptations".  October
2000               Next Steps in Pediatric Asthma.  A CME Satellite Symposium of the American Academy of Pediatrics, “Evaluating Systemic Effects and HPA Axis Suppression with Inhaled Corticosteroids, A Pediatric Focus.”  October
2003               Clinical Endocrine Conference, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY.  “A Physiological Approach to the Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome.” April
2003               Endocrine Grand Rounds, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY. “The Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome: Is Salivary Cortisol the Answer?” September.
2004               Seminars in Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Molecular Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, “The Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome”, September.
2004               Louis D’Agrosa Memorial Lecture.  St. Louis University School of Medicine.  “The Endocrinology of Stress in the Neonate”, October
2004               Department of Physiology and Functional Genomics Seminar Series, University of Florida, “Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Adaptation to Neonatal Hypoxia”, November
2004               Alachua County Endocrine Society Meeting, Gainesville, FL.  “The Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome”, November
2004               Endocrine Grand Rounds, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI. “The Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome”, November
2005               Integrated Neuroscience Research Center Seminar, “Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Adaptation to Neonatal Hypoxia”, Marquette University, February.
2005               Invited Speaker: "Endocrine and metabolic adaptations to neonatal hypoxia". Symposium on Oxygen sensing and hypoxia: development, adaptation and disease. XXXV International Congress of Physiological Sciences.  San Diego, April.
2005               Biomedical Sciences Seminar, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, “Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Adaptation to Neonatal Hypoxia”. May
2005               Obstetrics and Gynecology Grand Rounds, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, “The Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome”. May
2005               Perinatal Biology Research Seminar, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, “Metabolic Adaptations During Neonatal Hypoxia”, May.
2005               Chair, Oral Session – “Clinical Glucocorticoids”  ENDO05 – June
2007               Department of Physiology Seminary, University of Kentucky, The Hypothalamic-Pituitary Adrenal Adaptation to Neonatal Hypoxia”, May
2007               Dept. of Internal Medicine Seminar, University of Kentucky: “The Diagnosis and Differential
                      Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome”, May
2007               The Endocrine Society’s 89th Annual Meeting. Workshop Speaker: “Standardization of Testosterone Assays for Clinical Practice: What’s the Problem?”, June
2008               Milwaukee ENT Society. Update on Thyroid Physiology. February
2008               CDC Workshop on Improving Steroid Hormone Measurements in Patient Care and Research Translation, CDC Chamblee Campus. “Performance of Testosterone and Estradiol Assays – A Review”, March
2008               The Endocrine Society 90th Annual Meeting, Symposium Organizer and Chair. “Stress & the Central Programming of Behavior”
2009               Seattle Pituitary Symposium. Advances in Cushing’s Syndrome (Session for Physicians) and A Patient’s Road Map to the World of Cushing’s Syndrome (Session for Patients). “A Physiological Approach to the Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome, May
2009               Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) Annual Retreat (MCW), “Research in a Clinical Setting”, Sheboygan, WI, October.
2010               Endocrine Days, “A Physiological Approach to the Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome and Evaluation of Adrenal Incidentalomas”, Seattle, WA.  January
2010               Pediatric Critical Care Research Conference, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, “Use of Salivary Cortisol in Clinical Medicine and Stress Research”, Milwaukee, February
2010               2010 Marquette Stress Symposium, Integrative Neuroscience Research Center, “The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Adaptation to Acute Neonatal Hypoxia”, Milwaukee, March
2010               Visiting Professor, Carthage College. “Use of Salivary Cortisol in Clinical Medicine and Stress Research”, Kenosha, April
2010               Departments of Clinical Laboratory Science and Exercise Science, Marquette University, “Vitamin D”, Milwaukee, April.
2010               Ohio State University College of Nursing. “Use of Salivary Cortisol in Clinical Medicine and Stress Research, Columbus, May.
2010               Ohio State University Division of Diabetes and Endocrinology.  “A Physiology Approach to the Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome”, Columbus, May.
2011               American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science-Wisconsin (ASCLS-WI) State Convention. “Vitamin D”, April.
2011               Experimental Biology 2011. “Publishing 101: Dos and Don’ts of Publishing in APS Journals. Chair and Speaker, “Preparing Your Work for Publication in APS Journals”, April
2011               12th International Pituitary Congress. “Salivary Cortisol Assays”, Boston, June
2011               American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science-Wisconsin (ASCLS-WI) Racine-Kenosha Branch, “Vitamin D”, September.
2011               University of Chicago Institution for Integrative Physiology and Center for Systems Biology. “Intermittent, Acute, and Chronic Neonatal Hypoxia: Endocrine and Metabolic Responses”, October.
2011               University of Chicago Section of Adult and Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, “The Use of Salivary Cortisol in Clinical Research and Diagnosis”, October.
2011               University of Nebraska Medical Center, Division of Endocrinology, “Cushing’s Syndrome: A Physiological Approach to Diagnosis and Surveillance”, December
2011               University of Nebraska Medical Center, Department of Physiology, “Intermittent, Acute, and Chronic Neonatal Hypoxia: Endocrine and Metabolic Responses”, December
2012               Marquette University College of Health Sciences, “Hypothalamic-Pituitary Adrenal Axis Assessment: The Stress Response in Human Subjects”, February
2012               Experimental Biology 2012“Publishing 101: How to Get Your Work Published in APS Journals and Avoid Minefields Along the Way”. Chair and Speaker, “Preparing Your Work for Publication in APS Journals: Choosing a Journal, Authorship, and Peer Review”, April
2012               Wisconsin Seminar Day, ACL Labs, “Vitamin D”, October
2013               Indiana University School of Medicine (IUPUI) Department of Physiology, “Short and Long-Term Effects of Neonatal Hypoxia”, January
2013               Indiana University School of Medicine (IUPUI) IUSM Graduate Division, “Publishing Ethics 101:  The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly”, January
2013               Indiana University School of Medicine (IUPUI) Endocrine Grand Rounds, Rounds, “A Physiological Approach to the Diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome and Evaluation of Adrenal Incidentalomas”, January
2013               Experimental Biology 2013. “Publishing 101: How to Get Your Work Published in APS Journals and Avoid Minefields Along the Way”. Chair and Speaker, “Preparing Your Work for Publication in APS Journals: Choosing a Journal, Authorship, and Peer Review”, April
2013               13th International Pituitary Congress. “Cushing’s Diagnosis – New Options (Meet the Professor)”, San Francisco, June
2013               Endocrine Society’s 95th Annual Meeting – ENDO2013 – Symposium Chair “Diagnosing Diabetes: Benefits and Drawbacks of Glucose vs Hemoglobin A1C, San Francisco, June.
2013               Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Department of Physiology. Gregory J. Bagby Post-Doctoral Fellows Distinguished Lecturer. Short and Long-Term Effects of Neonatal Hypoxia (2013)
2013               Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Department of Physiology. Publishing Ethics 101: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly (November)
2014               American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science-Wisconsin (ASCLS-WI) State Convention. “Vitamin D”, April.

 

Medical College Committees/Leadership

1987‑1989               Admissions Interviewer
1987‑1993               Animal Care Committee
                                Chairman, 1989‑1992
                                Budget Subcommittee, 1989‑1992
1989‑1992               Laboratory Safety Committee
1989‑1992               Faculty Senate
1990‑1994               The Ad Hoc Committee on Problem‑Based Learning
1990‑present           Society of Teaching Scholars (Inaugural Inductee)
1993‑1999               Nominating Committee
1994-96                  LCME Self-Study Task Force
1994-96                  LCME Self-Study Task Force Subcommittee on Governance/Administration
1996                       Orientation to Medical Education for New Faculty Members
1996                       M1-M2 Curriculum Retreat, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin
1997-2002               Continuing Medical Education Committee
1997-2001               Digestive Diseases Research Center Research Committee
1999-2001               Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Faculty Credentials Committee
2002                       LCME Task Force
2003-2005               Search Committee, Chief of the Division of Endocrinology, Dept of Medicine
2004                       M1/M2 Curriculum Retreat, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin
2005-2008               Rank and Tenure Committee
2006-2008               Advancing a Healthier Wisconsin Initiative Grant Review Committee
2008-2009               Vice-President, Faculty Council
2008-2014               Governance Committee, Faculty Council
2009-2010               Senior Vice President (President-Elect), Faculty Council
2010-2011               LCME Accreditation Self-Study Task Force
2010-2011               LCME Accreditation Institutional Self-Study Subcommittee
2010-2011               President, Faculty Council
                              2011 – Search Committee – President’s Chief of Staff
                              2011 – Search Committee - Ombudsman
2011-present           Honors in Research Committee
2011-2012               Module Director, M2 Endocrinology, Pilot Integrated Curriculum
2012-present           Unit Director, Discovery M2 Endocrinology/Reproduction Curriculum
2012-present           Community Medical Education Program Steering Committee

Hospital Committees (St. Luke's Medical Center/Aurora Health Care)

1984‑1994               Institutional Review Board (Human Research Review Committee)
1986‑1988               Allied Health Committee
1990‑1999               Vince Lombardi Cancer Education/Control Committee
1996-present           Continuing Medical Education (CME) Subcommittee
1999-2000               Research and Development Committee - Aurora Consolidated Laboratories
2000-present           Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC)
                                  Chairman of IACUC – 2000-present
2001-present           Radiation Safety Committee
2003-2006               Cardiac Research Fund Award Committee
2003-present           Schroeder Fellows Program Committee

Medical College of Wisconsin Teaching:

1989‑1991               Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine Lecture Series on Pulmonary Physiology and Pathophysiology, "Pathogenesis of Hypoxia"
1989‑1992               National Board Part I Review Course, Endocrinology Review
1991-2000               Physiology 271, Graduate Course in Endocrinology and Metabolism
1992                       Department of Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology and the Center for the Study of Bioethics and Health Policy, Concepts and Clinical Practice in Medicine, Lectures in Endocrinology
1993                       Physiology 275, Graduate Course in Statistical Problems in Physiology
1994                       Preceptor, Minority Summer Research Training Program
1993,1995               Neurobehavioral Science, Department of Neurology "Hypothalamus/Neuroendocrinology"
1989‑2007               Otolaryngology Basic Science Course, Review of Pituitary, Thyroid, and Parathyroid Physiology
(biannually)
1996-2007               Integrated Neuroscience Course, Hypothalamus/Neuroendocrinology Lectures
2001-2007               Advanced Systems Physiology, Endocrine Physiology and Pathophysiology Blocks.
1984‑2012               Medical Physiology – M1 Students
                                       Endocrinology Lectures/Clinical Case Conferences (16 lecture hours, annually).
2004-2012               Medical Pharmacology – M2 Students, Hypothalamic and Pituitary Hormones
2007-present           Bioethics 10444A – Research Ethics Discussion Series
2008-present           Physiology 08210 – Endocrine Regulation
                                       Course Director – 2009
2011                       PIC M1 – Diabetes Module; Reproductive Medicine Module
2011-2012               Module Director and Instructor, Pilot Curriculum M2 Endocrinology
2012-present           DISCOVERY Curriculum; M2 (Endocrinology-Reproduction) Unit Director
                              Lecturer, M1 Physiology – Endocrinology (10 lecture hours, annually)
2013                       Foundations of Clinical Medicine (M1 Curriculum); Instructor - Diabetic ketoacidosis.
2014                       The Art of Medicine Through the Humanities – Course #520-M4150 (M4 Clerkship); Instructor – Rock and Roll Doctor
 

Other Teaching

1995-1998               Marquette University Program in Physical Therapy, Pathophysiology, Acute Care in Medicine and Surgery
                              1995-97  "Physiology of Metabolic Bone Disease and Osteoporosis"
                              1998  "Physiology of Diabetes Mellitus"
1996, 2003              University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Biological Sciences 630 (Endocrinology), "Adrenal Cortex"
1997                       Supplemental Basic Science Review, National Medical School Review, Endocrine Physiology, Newport Beach, CA, August 27-28
1997, 1999              Mini-Medical School, Medical College of Wisconsin,"Diabetes"
1997-2007               Apprenticeship in Medicine (AIM) Program for Minority High School Students. Medical College of Wisconsin, "Understanding Diabetes",”Normal Female Reproduction”
2011-present           CTRH 6001 – Applied and Rehabilitative Systems Physiology, Marquette University College of Health Science “Calcium-Phosphate; Glucose Regulation; HPA Axis lectures”
2011                       University of Nebraska Medical Center, Department of Physiology, Scientific Writing Course, “Publishing Ethics 101: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly”, December
 

Thesis/Dissertation Committees:

Daniel Brown ‑ Ph.D. Candidate, Medical College of Wisconsin Department of Physiology
Suzanne Greenberg ‑ Ph.D. Candidate, Medical College of Wisconsin Department of Physiology
Andrew Piering ‑ M.S. Candidate, University of Wisconsin‑Milwaukee, Department of Biological Sciences/Physiology
Russell Wilke ‑ Ph.D. Candidate (MSTP Student), Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Pharmacology
Mary Pat Kunert ‑ Ph.D. Candidate, Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Physiology
Kristin Anne Koch - M.S. Candidate, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Department of Biological Sciences
Craig Hanke - Ph.D Candidate, Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Pharmacology
Eric D. Bruder – M.S. Candidate, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Department of Health Sciences, School of Allied Health Professionals
Melissa Morse – Ph.D. Candidate (MSTP Student), Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Physiology
Sribidya Kidambi – M.S. Candidate, Medical College of Wisconsin, Division of Epidemiology/Health Policy Institute.
Christopher Roberts – PhD Candidate (MSTP Student), Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Pharmacology
Domagoj Mladinov – PhD Candidate, Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Physiology.
Ogugua Anene-Maidoh – PhD Candidate (MSTP Student), Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Physiology
 

Clinical Fellows (Research):

Thomas P. Segerson, M.D. ‑ Research Fellow
Victor O. Waters, M.D. ‑ Critical Care Fellow
Santo J. Diaz, M.D. ‑ Critical Care Fellow
Manoj H. Majmudar, M.D. ‑ Critical Care Fellow
Robert C. Brickner, M.D. ‑ Endocrine‑Metabolic Fellow
Pennapa Chan, MD. – Endocrine-Metabolic Fellow
Scott Brock, MD – Endocrine-Metabolic Fellow
Sandra L. Ettema, M.D., Ph.D., CCC-SLP – Otolaryngology Resident
Vidya Kidambi, MD – Endocrine-Metabolic Fellow
Ty Carroll, MD – Endocrine-Metabolic Fellow
Jay Mepani, MD-Endocrine-Metabolic Fellow
Michael Einstein, MD – GI Fellow
Giovanna Caprirolo, MD – Pediatric Critical Care Fellow
Mohamed Tahsin Jouhari, MD – Pediatric Critical Care Fellow

Post-Doctoral Research Fellow:

Paula. E. Papanek, Ph.D.

Graduate Students:

Eric D. Bruder, M.S. – University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

Medical Student Research Trainees – Medical College of Wisconsin

Timothy P. Roarty
Maryam Ivanoff
Steven C. Griffen
Saeid Kohandarvish
Mark H. Rossing
Sandra K. Doepker
Pedro Lucero
Anne Nagler
Jody VanHoof
Karl Johnson (Clinician Scientist Pathway Advisor, 2011-present; T35 Training Grant from National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute (NHLBI))
Jonathan Bodager (Clinical Scientist Pathway Advisor, 2013-present)

Undergraduate Summer Trainees:

A. Joseph Tector, III – Indiana University
Edward Stauber (1997 Endocrine Society Student Research Fellow) – University of Wisconsin
Genevieve Schmitt – College of the Holy Cross
Seth Auger – University of Dayton
Judson Werner – University of Wisconsin
Michael Patrick Kehoe – University of Wisconsin
Jonathan Klinger – Marquette University
John P. Tucker – University of Wisconsin
Jennifer Taylor – Northwestern University
Michael Nord – University of Minnesota
Kimberli Kamer – University of Wisconsin
Mitchell Guenther – Lawrence University
Christopher Wean – Renssalaer Polytechnic Institute
Kathan Chintamaneni ‎- Washington University of St. Louis
Kristin Prewitt – University of Wisconsin
Thomas Gessert – University of Wisconsin

High School Science Fair Students:

Garrett Werner – University School of Milwaukee


ORIGINAL PAPERS (Peer Reviewed)

1.         Raff H, Tzankoff SP, and Fitzgerald RS.  ACTH and cortisol responses to hypoxia in dogs.  J. Appl. Physiol. (Respirat. Environ. Exercise Physiol.) 51:1257‑1260, 1981
2.         Raff H, Tzankoff SP, and Fitzgerald RS. Chemoreceptor involvement in cortisol responses to hypoxia in ventilated dogs.  J. Appl. Physiol. (Respirat. Environ. Exercise Physiol.) 52:1092‑1096, 1982
3.         Raff H, Shinsako J, and Dallman MF.  Surgery potentiates adrenocortical responses to hypoxia.  Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 172:400‑406, 1983
4.         Raff H, Shinsako J, Keil LC, and Dallman MF.  Vasopressin, ACTH, and corticosteroids during hypercapnia and graded hypoxia in dogs.  Am. J. Physiol. (Endocrinol. Metab.) 244:E453‑E458, 1983
5.         Fitzgerald RS, Garger P, Hauer MC, Raff H, and Fechter L.  The effect of hypoxia and hypercapnea on catecholamine content in the cat carotid body. J. Appl. Physiol. (Respirat. Environ. Exercise Physiol.) 54:1408‑1413, 1983
6.         Raff H, Shinsako J, Keil LC, and Dallman MF. Vasopressin, ACTH and blood pressure during hypoxia induced at different rates.  Am. J. Physiol. (Endocrinol. Metab.) 245:E489‑E493, 1983
7.         Raff H, Shinsako J, Keil LC, and Dallman MF.  Feedback inhibition of ACTH and vasopressin responses to hypoxia by physiological increases in endogenous plasma corticosteroids in dogs.  Endocrinology 114:1245‑1249, 1984
8.         Raff H and Fagin KD.  Measurement of hormones and blood gases during hypoxia in conscious, cannulated rats.  J. Appl. Physiol. (Respirat. Environ. Exercise Physiol.) 56:1426‑1430, 1984
9.         Raff H, Shinsako J, and Dallman MF.  Renin and ACTH responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia after chronic carotid denervation. Am. J Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative Comp. Physiol.) 247:R412‑R417, 1984
10.        Fitzgerald RS, Hauer MC, Bierkamper GG, and Raff H.  Responses of the in vitro rat diaphragm to changes in acid‑base balance.  J. Appl. Physiol. (Respirat. Environ. Exercise Physiol.) 57:1202‑1210, 1984.
11.        Raff H, Maselli J, and Reid IA.  Correlation of plasma angiotensin II concentration and plasma renin activity during acute hypoxia in dogs.  Clin. Exper. Pharmacol. Physiol. 12:91‑94, 1985
12.        Licko V and Raff H.  Rate sensitivity of blood pressure to hypoxia.  J. Theoretical Biol. 112:839‑845, 1985.
13.        Raff H, Goldmann RW, and Kindwall EP.  Adrenocortical sensitivity after acute carbon monoxide exposure in humans.  Arch. Environ. Health 40:88‑90, 1985.
14.        Raff H, Merrill D, Skelton M, Cowley, AW Jr.  Control of ACTH and vasopressin in neurohypophysectomized conscious dogs.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative Compar. Physiol.) 249:R281‑R285, 1985.
15.        Raff H, Shinsako J, Wade CE, Keil LC and Dallman MF.  Acute volume expansion decreases adrenocortical sensitivity to ACTH and angiotensin II. Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative. Compar. Physiol.) 249:R611‑R616, 1985.
16.        Raff H, Sandri RB, and Segerson TP.  Renin, ACTH, and adrenocortical function during hypoxia and hemorrhage in conscious rats.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative. Compar. Physiol.) 250:R240‑244, 1986
17.        Raff H and Levy SA.  Renin‑angiotensin‑aldosterone and ACTH‑cortisol control during acute hypoxemia and exercise in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.  Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 133:396‑399, 1986
18.        Findling JW, Buggy BP, Segerson TP, and Raff HPneumocystis carinii complicating intermittent Cushing's syndrome.  Wisc. Med. J. 85:23‑25, 1986
19.        Cogswell TL, Bernath GA, Raff H, Hoffmann RG, Klopfenstein HS.  Total peripheral resistance during cardiac tamponade: adrenergic and angiotensin roles.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative, Compar. Physiol.) 251:R916‑R922, 1986
20.        Raff H, Skelton M, Merrill D, and Cowley AW Jr.  Vasopressin responses to corticotropin‑releasing factor and hyperosmolality in conscious dogs. Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative, Compar. Physiol.) 251:R1235‑R1239, 1986.
21.        Raff H, and Chadwick CJ.  Aldosterone responses to ACTH during hypoxia in conscious rats. Clin. Exper. Pharmacol. Physiol. 13:827‑830, 1986
22.        Findling JW, Korducki JM, Lahiri PK, Miller DD, and Raff H.  Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage associated with heparin‑induced thrombocytopenia. Wisc. Med. J. 86:27‑29, 1987.
23.        Findling JW, Waters VO, and Raff H.  The dissociation of renin and aldosterone during critical illness. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 64:592‑595. 1987
24.        Findling JW, Adams AH, and Raff H.  Selective hypoaldosteronism due to an endogenous impairment in angiotensin II production. New Engl. J. Med. 316:1632‑1635, 1987
25.        Raff H, Norton AJ, Flemma RJ, and Findling JW.  Inhibition of the ACTH response to surgery in humans: interaction between dexamethasone and fentanyl.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 65:295‑298, 1987.
26.        Raff H and Roarty H.  Renin, ACTH, and aldosterone during acute hypercapnia and hypoxia in conscious rats.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative, Compar. Physiol.) 254:R431‑R435, 1988.
27.        Raff H, Merrill DC, Skelton MM, Brownfield MS, and Cowley AW Jr.  Control of adrenocorticotropin secretion and adrenocortical sensitivity in neurohypophysectomized, conscious dogs:  effect of acute and chronic vasopressin replacement.  Endocrinology 122:1410‑1418, 1988.
28.        Roarty H and Raff H.  Renin response to graded hemorrhage in conscious rats.  Clin. Exper. Pharmacol. Physiol. 15:373‑378, 1988
29.        Raff H.  Evaluation of a blood sample/transfusion protocol in rats:  blood gases, renin and ACTH.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative, Compar. Physiol.) 255:R851‑R854, 1988
30.        Raff H, Flemma RJ, and Findling JW.  Fast cortisol‑induced inhibition of the adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) response to surgery in humans. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 67:1146‑1148, 1988
31.        Nishijima MK, Breslow MJ, Raff H, and Traystman RJ.  Regional adrenal blood flow during hypoxia.  Am. J. Physiol. (Heart Circ. Physiol) 256:H94‑H100, 1989.
32.        Raff H, Ball DL, Goodfriend TL.  Low oxygen selectively inhibits aldosterone secretion from bovine adrenocortical cells in vitro.  Am. J. Physiol. (Endocrinol. Metab.) 256:E640‑E644, 1989
33.        Raff H and Findling JW.  Evaluation of a new immunoradiometric (IRMA) assay for ACTH in normal subjects and patients with Cushing's syndrome.  Clin. Chem. 35:596‑600, 1989.
34.        Raff H, Skelton MM, and Cowley AW Jr.  Feedback control of vasopressin and corticotrophin secretion in conscious dogs: effect of hypertonic saline.  J. Endocrinol. (Jubilee Edition) 122:41‑48, 1989.
35.        Lewin RF, Raff H, Findling JW, Skelton MM, Cowley AW Jr, King JF, and Dorros G. Stimulation of atrial natriuretic peptide and vasopressin during percutaneous transluminal aortic valvuloplasty.  Am. Heart J. 118:292‑298, 1989
36.        Breslow MJ, Ball TD, Miller CF, Raff H, and Traystman RJ.  Adrenal blood flow and secretory relationships during hypoxia in anesthetized dogs.  Am. J. Physiol. (Heart Circ. Physiol.) 257:H1458‑H1465, 1989.
37.        Raff H, Findling JW, and Wong J.  Short loop adrenocorticotropin feedback after ACTH 1‑24 injection in man is an artifact of the immunoradiometric assay.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 69:678‑680, 1989.
38.        Raff, H, Skelton MM, Cowley AW Jr.  Cortisol inhibition of vasopressin and ACTH responses to arterial hypotension in conscious dogs. Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative, Compar. Physiol.) 258:R64‑R69, 1990
39.        Raff H.  Renin response to hemorrhage in conscious rats:  effect of acute reductions in hematocrit.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory, Integrative, Compar. Physiol.) 258:R487‑R491, 1990.
40.        Griffen SC, Raff H.  Vasopressin responses to hypoxia in conscious rats: interaction with water restriction.  J. Endocrinol. 125:61‑66, 1990.
41.        Raff H, Kohandarvish S.  The effect of oxygen on aldosterone release from bovine adrenocortical cells in vitro:  PO2 vs steroidogenesis.  Endocrinology 127:682‑687, 1990.
42.        Breslow MJ, Robin JR, Mandress TD, Racusen LC, Raff H, and Traystman RJ.  Changes in adrenal O2 consumption during catecholamine secretion in anesthetized dogs.  Am. J. Physiol. (Heart Circ. Physiol.) 259:H681‑H688, 1990
43.        Raff H, Findling JW.  Aldosterone control in critically ill patients:  ACTH, metoclopramide, and atrial natriuretic peptide.  Crit. Care Med. 18:915‑920, 1990.
44.        Wood CE, Kane C, Raff H.  Peripheral chemoreceptor control of fetal renin responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia.  Circ. Res. 67:722‑732, 1990
45.        Lewin RF, Raff H, Findling JW, Dorros G.  Stimulation of atrial natriuretic peptide and vasopressin during retrograde mitral valvuloplasty.  Am. Heart J. 120:1305‑1310, 1990
46.        Breslow MJ, Tobin JR, Kubos KL, Raff H, Traystman RJ.  Effect of adrenal hypotension on elicited secretory activity in anesthetized dogs.  Am. J. Physiol. (Heart Circ. Physiol.) 260:H‑21‑26, 1991.
47.        Raff H, Papanek PE, Cowley AW Jr.  ACTH and vasopressin responses to insulin‑induced hypoglycemia in intact and neurohypophysectomized conscious dogs.  Neuroendocrinology 53:85‑90, 1991.
48.        Brickner RC and Raff H.  Oxygen sensitivity of potassium and angiotensin II‑stimulated aldosteronogenesis.  J. Endocrinol 129:43‑48, 1991.
49.        Blaney J, Sothmann M, Raff H, Hart B, Horn T.  Impact of exercise training on plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone response to a well learned vigilance task.  Psychoneuroendocrinology 15:453‑462, 1991.
50.        Raff H, Kane CA, Wood CE.  Arginine vasopressin responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia in late‑gestation fetal sheep.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol) 260:R1077‑R1081, 1991.
51.        Mattson DL, Raff H, Roman RJ.  Influence of angiotensin II on pressure‑natriuresis and renal hemodynamics in volume‑expanded rats.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol) 260:R1200‑R1209, 1991.
52.        Findling JW, Kehoe ME, Shaker JL, Raff H.  Routine inferior petrosal sinus sampling in the differential diagnosis of ACTH‑dependent Cushing's syndrome: early recognition of the occult ectopic ACTH syndrome.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 73:408‑413, 1991.
53.        Sakima NT, Breslow MJ, Raff H, Traystman RJ.  Lack of coupling between adrenal cortical metabolic activity and blood flow in anesthetized dogs.  Am. J. Physiol. (Heart Circ. Physiol.) 261:H410‑H415, 1991
54.        Raff H, Rossing MH, Doepker SK, Griffen SC.  Vasopressin response to hemorrhage in the rat: effect of hypoxia and water restriction.  Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol. 18:725‑729, 1991.
55.        Brickner RC, Jankowski B, Raff H.  The conversion of corticosterone to aldosterone is the site of the oxygen sensitivity of the bovine adrenal zona glomerulosa.  Endocrinology 130:88‑92, 1992
56.        Raff H, Papanek PE, Cowley AW Jr.  Effect of hypotension and hyperosmolality on vasopressin and ACTH responses to hypoglycemia in conscious dogs.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regul Integr Comp. Physiol.) 263:R382‑R388, 1992
57.        Raff H and CE Wood.  Effect of age and blood pressure on the heart rate, vasopressin and renin responses to hypoxia in fetal sheep.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regul Integr Comp Physiol.) 263:R880‑R884, 1992
58.        Goodfriend TL, Ball DL, Elliott ME, Chabhi A, Duong T, Raff H, Schneider EG, Brown RD, and Weinberger MH.  Fatty acids may regulate aldosterone secretion and mediate some of insulin's effects on blood pressure.  Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids 48:43‑50, 1993.
59.        Raff H and Jankowski B.  Effect of CO2/pH on the aldosterone response to hypoxia in bovine adrenal cells in vitro.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol.) 265: R820-R825, 1993.
60.        Breslow MJ, Parker SD, Frank SM, Norris EJ, Yates H, Raff H, Rock P, Christopherson R, Rosenfeld BA, Beattie C, and the PIRAT Study Group.  Determinants of catecholamine and cortisol responses to lower extremity revascularization and correlation with outcome variables.  Anesthesiology 79:1202-1209, 1993.
61.        Ligier B, MJ Breslow, H Raff, and RJ Traystman.  Adrenal blood flow and secretory effects of adrenergic receptor stimulation.  Am. J. Physiol. (Heart and Circ. Physiol) 266:H220-H227, 1994
62.        Raff H and Jankowski B.  Inhibition of aldosterone release by hypoxia in vitro: interaction with carbon monoxide.  J. Appl. Physiol. 76:689-693, 1994
63.        Schwartz J, Ash P, Ford V, Raff H, Crosby S, and White A  Secretion of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and ACTH precursors: actions of corticotropin‑releasing factor, arginine vasopressin and glucocorticoids. J. Endocrinol. 140:189-195, 1994.
64.        Papanek PE and Raff H.  Physiological increases in cortisol inhibit basal vasopressin release in conscious dogs.   Am. J. Physiol. (Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol.) 266:R1744-R1751, 1994.
65.        Raff H, Shaker JL, Nelson DK, and Findling JW.  Rapid measurement of corticotropin (ACTH) using a modified immunochemiluminescent assay.  Clinical Chemistry 40:1344, 1994.
66.        Raff H, Papanek PE, Liard J-F, and Cowley, AW Jr. The effect of intracarotid vasopressin infusion on ACTH release in neurohypophysectomized, conscious dogs.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regul. Integr Comp. Physiol.) 267:R653-R658, 1994
67.        Papanek PE and Raff H.  Chronic physiological increases in cortisol inhibit the vasopressin response to hypertonic saline in conscious dogs. Am. J. Physiol. (Regul. Integr Comp. Physiol) 267:R1342-R1349, 1994.
68.        Kay J, Findling JW, and Raff H.  Epidural triamcinolone suppresses the pituitary‑adrenal axis in human subjects.  Anesthesia and Analgesia 79:501-505, 1994.
69.        Findling JW, Buggy BP, Gilson IH, Brummitt CF, Bernstein BM, and Raff H.  Longitudinal evaluation of adrenocortical function in patients with the human immunodeficiency virus.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 79:1091-1096, 1994.
70.        Heimler I, Rawlins RG, Binor Z, Aiman J, Raff H, and Hutz RJ. Elevated follicular fluid angiotensin II and pregnancy outcome.  Fertility and Sterility 63: 528-534, 1995.
71.        Frank SM, Higgins MS, Breslow MJ, Fleisher LA, Gorman RB, Sitzmann JV, Raff H, and Beattie C.  The catecholamine, cortisol, and hemodynamic responses to mild perioperative hypothermia.  Anesthesiology 82:83-93, 1995
72.        Raff H, Shaker JL, Seifert PE, Werner PH, Hazelrigg SR, and Findling JW.  Intraoperative measurement of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) during removal of ACTH-secreting bronchial carcinoid tumors.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 80:1036-1039, 1995.
73.        Raff H and Jankowski B.  Oxygen dependence of pregnenolone and aldosterone synthesis in mitochondria isolated from bovine zona glomerulosa cells.  J. Appl. Physiol. 78:1625-1628, 1995.
74.        Parker SD, Breslow MJ, Frank SM, Rosenfeld BA, Norris EJ, Christoperson R, Rock P, Gottlieb S, Raff H, et al. and the PIRAT Study Group.  Catecholamine and cortisol responses to lower extremity revascularization: correlation with outcome variables.  Critical Care Medicine 23:1954-1961, 1995
75.        Shaker JL, Brickner RC, Divgi AB, Raff H, and Findling JW.  Case report: renal phosphate wasting, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone, and ectopic corticotropin production in small cell carcinoma.  Am. J. Med. Sci. 310:38-41, 1995.
76.        O'Shaughnessy IM, Raff H, Findling JW.  Factitious Cushing's syndrome: discovery with the use of a sensitive immunoradiometric assay for ACTH.  Endocrine Practice 1:327-329, 1995.
77.        Oaks MK and Raff H.  Differentiation of the expression of aldosterone synthase and 11b-hydroxylase mRNA in the rat adrenal cortex by reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction.  J. Steroid. Biochem. Molecul. Biol. 54:193-199, 1995.
78.        Raff H, Papanek PE, and Cowles VE.  Vasopressin responses to corticotropin-releasing factor and hypertonicity after truncal vagotomy in dogs.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory Integrative Comparative. Physiol) 270:R94-R98, 1996.
79.        Raff H, Jankowski BM, Engeland WC, and Oaks MK.  Hypoxia in vivo inhibits aldosterone synthesis and aldosterone synthase mRNA in the rat.  J. Appl. Physiol. 81:604-610, 1996.
80.        Papanek PE, Jankowski BM, and Raff H.  Aldosterone release from adrenal cells is inhibited by hypoxia in vitro during maturation in rabbits.  Reproduction, Fertility and Development 8:1131-1136, 1996
81.        Papanek PE, Sladek CD, and Raff H.  Corticosterone inhibition of osmotically-stimulated vasopressin from hypothalamic-neurohypophysial explants.  Am. J. Physiol. (Regulatory Integrative Comparative Physiol.) 272:R158-R162, 1997
82.        Frank SM, Higgins MS, Fleisher LA, Sitzmann J, Raff H, and Breslow MJ.  The adrenergic, respiratory, and cardiovascular effects of core cooling in humans.  Am. J. Physiol (Regulatory Integrative Comparative Physiology) 272:R557-R562, 1997.
83.        Raff H, Jankowski BM, Goodfriend TL, Baker JE, Papanek PE.  The effect of exposure to hypoxia from birth on aldosterone in rabbits: role of unesterified fatty acids. Am. J. Physiol (Regulatory Integrative Comparative Physiol) 272:R1084-R1087, 1997.
84.        Findling JW, Raff H, Hansson JH, Lifton RP.  Liddle's syndrome: prospective genetic screening and suppressed aldosterone secretion in an extended kindred.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 82:1071-1074, 1997.
85.        Graham KE, Raff H, Cook DM, Barnwell TL, Samuels MH.  Intraoperative adrenocorticotropin levels during transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing's Disease does not predict cure.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 82:1776-1779, 1997.
86.        Aron DC, Raff H, Findling JW.  Effectiveness versus efficacy: the limited value in clinical practice of high dose dexamethasone suppression testing in the differential diagnosis of ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 82:1780-1785, 1997.
87.        Findling JW, Pinkstaff SM, Shaker JL, Raff H, Nelson JC.  Pseudohypercortisoluria: spurious elevation of urinary cortisol due to carbamazepine.  The Endocrinologist 8:51-54, 1998.
88.        Raff H, Raff JL, Findling JW.  Late-night salivary cortisol as a screening test for Cushing's syndrome.  J Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 83:2681-2686, 1998
89.        Raff H, Jankowski BM, Bruder ED, Engeland WC, Oaks MK.  The effect of hypoxia from birth on the regulation of aldosterone in the 7-day-old rat: plasma hormones, steroidogenesis in vitro, and steroidogenic enzyme mRNA. Endocrinology 140:3147-3153, 1999
90.        Raff H, Raff JL, Duthie EH, Wilson CR, Sasse EA, Rudman I, Mattson D.  Elevated salivary cortisol in the evening in healthy elderly men and women: correlation with bone mineral density. J. Gerontol.: Med. Sci 54A: M479-M483, 1999.
91.        Raff H, Bruder ED, Jankowski BM.  The effect of hypoxia on plasma leptin and insulin in newborn and juvenile rats.  Endocrine 11: 37-39, 1999.
92.        Raff H, Bruder ED, Jankowski BM, Goodfriend TL.  Neonatal hypoxic hyperlipidemia in the rat: effects on aldosterone and corticosterone synthesis in vitro.  Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 278:R663-R668, 2000.
93.        Raff H, Bruder ED, Jankowski BM, Engeland WC. The effect of fetal hypoxia on adrenocortical function in the 7-day old rat.  Endocrine 13:111-116, 2000.
94.        Lee PC, Jelinek B, Struve M, Bruder ED, Raff H.  Effect of neonatal hypoxia on the development of hepatic lipase in the rat.  Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 279:R1341-R1347, 2000.
95.        Whitcomb JE, Findling JW, Raff H, Harnsher K.  Randomized trial of oral hydrocortisone and its effect on emergency physicians during night duty.  Wisc Med J 99:37-41, 2000.
96.        Magill SB, Raff H, Shaker JL, Brickner RC, Knechtges TE, Kehoe ME, Findling JW.  Comparison of adrenal vein sampling and computer tomography in the differentiation of primary aldosteronism.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 86:1066-1071, 2001
97.        Raff H, Bruder ED, Jankowski BM, Colman J.  Effect of neonatal hypoxia on leptin, insulin, growth hormone and body composition in the rat.  Horm. Metab. Res. 33:151-155, 2001.
98.        Hjertstedt J, Burns EA, Fleming R, Raff H, Rudman I, Duthie EH, Wilson CR.  Mandibular and palatal tori, bone mineral density and salivary cortisol in community dwelling elderly men and women.  J. Gerontol. – Biol. Sci. & Med. Sci. 56:M731-5, 2001
99.        Casale TB. Nelson HS. Stricker WE. Raff H. Newman KB.  Suppression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity with inhaled flunisolide and fluticasone propionate in adult asthma patients.  Annals of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology.  87:379-85, 2001
100.      Raff H, Bruder ED, Jankowski B, Oaks MK, and Colman RJ. Growth hormone therapy during neonatal hypoxia in rats: body composition, bone mineral density, and IGF-1 expression.  Endocrine 16:137-141, 2001
101.      Raff H, Homar PJ, and Burns EA.  Comparison of two methods for measuring salivary cortisol. Clinical Chemistry 48: 207-208, 2002.
102.      Bruder ED, Nagler AK, and Raff H.  O2-dependence of ACTH-stimulated aldosterone and corticosterone synthesis in the rat adrenal cortex: developmental aspects.  J. Endocrinol. 172:595-604, 2002
103.      Nelson HS. Stricker W. Casale TB. Raff H. Fourre JA. Aron DC. Newman KB. A comparison of methods for assessing hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity in asthma patients treated with inhaled corticosteroid. J. Clin. Pharmacol.  42:319-26, 2002
104.      Raff H.  Effect of hypoxia on parathyroid hormone in lactating and neonatal rats: interaction with halothane.  Endocrine 17:157-160, 2002.
105.      Lee PC, Struve M, Lewis SM, and Raff H. Neonatal hypoxia in the rat: effects on exocrine pancreatic development. J. Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 34:542-547, 2002.
106.      Raff H, Hong JJ, Oaks MK, and Widmaier EP.  Adrenocortical responses to ACTH in the neonatal rat:  The effect of hypoxia from birth on corticosterone, StAR, and PBR. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 284:R78-R85. 2003.
107.      Raff H, Homar PJ, Skoner DP.  A new enzyme immunoassay for salivary cortisol.  Clin Chem 49:203-204, 2003.
108.      Goodfriend TL, Ball DL, Raff H, Bruder ED, Gardner HW, Spiteller G. Oxidized products of linoleic acid stimulate adrenal steroidogenesis.  Endocrine Research 28:325-330, 2003.
109.      Lee PC, Struve M, Raff H.  Effects of hypoxia on the development of intestinal enzymes in neonatal and juvenile rats.  Exper. Biol. Med. 228:717-723, 2003.
110.      Bruder ED, Ball DL, Goodfriend TL, and Raff H.  An oxidized metabolite of linoleic acid stimulates corticosterone production by rat adrenal cells.  Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 284:R1631-R1635, 2003.
111.      Raff H. Total and active ghrelin in developing rats during hypoxia.  Endocrine 21:159-161, 2003
112.      Raff H, Jacobson L, Cullinan WE.  Elevated corticosterone and inhibition of ACTH responses to CRH and ether in the neonatal rat: effect of hypoxia from birth.  Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 285:R1224-R1230, 2003.
113.      Raff H, Lee JJ, Widmaier EP, Oaks MK, Engeland WC.  Basal and ACTH-stimulated corticosterone in the neonatal rat exposed to hypoxia from birth: modulation by chemical sympathectomy.  Endocrinology 145:79-86, 2004.
114.      Findling JW, Raff H, Aron DC. The low-dose dexamethasone suppression test: a re-evaluation in patients with Cushing’s syndrome.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 89:1222-1226,2004.
115.      Bruder ED, Lee PC, Raff H.  Metabolomic analysis of adrenal lipids during hypoxia in the neonatal rat: implications in steroidogenesis.  Am J Physiology Endocrinol Metab 286:E697-E703, 2004.
116.      Bruder ED, Lee PC, Raff H.  Metabolic consequences of hypoxia from birth and dexamethasone treatment in the neonatal rat: comprehensive hepatic lipid and fatty acid profiling.  Endocrinology 145:5364-5372, 2004.
117.      Findling JW, Kehoe ME, Raff H.  Identification of patients with Cushing’s disease with negative pituitary adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) gradients during inferior petrosal sinus sampling: prolactin as an index of pituitary venous effluent.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:6005-6009, 2004.
118.      Bruder ED, Lee PC, Raff H.  Lipid and fatty acid profiles in the brain, liver, and stomach contents of neonatal rats: effects of hypoxia. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 288:E314-E320, 2005
119.      Bruder ED, Lee PC, Raff H.  Dexamethasone treatment in the newborn rat: fatty acid profiling of lung, brain, and serum lipids. J Appl Physiol 98: 981-990, 2005
120.      Bruder ED, Jacobson L, Raff H.  Plasma leptin and ghrelin in the neonatal rat: interaction of dexamethasone and hypoxia.  J. Endocrinol. 185:477-484, 2005.
121.      Raff H.  Teaching glucocorticoid negative feedback and adrenocortical regulation using a classic paper by Dwight Ingle.  Adv Physiol Educ 29: 141-143, 2005
122.      Liu H, Bravata DM, Cabaccan J, Raff H, Ryzen E. Elevated late-night salivary cortisol levels in elderly male type 2 diabetic veterans.  Clinical Endocrinology 63:642-649, 2005.
123.      Raff H, Bruder ED, and the St. Luke’s Medical Center Adrenal Tumor Study Group. Steroidogenesis in human aldosterone-secreting adenomas and adrenal hyperplasias: effects of hypoxia in vitro.  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 290:E199-E203, 2006.
124.      Raff H, Bruder ED.  Adiponectin and resistin in the neonatal rat: effects of dexamethasone and hypoxia.  Endocrine 29:341-344, 2006.
125.      Reeder DM, Raff H, Kunz TH, Widmaier EP. Characterization of pituitary-adrenocortical activity in the Malayan Flying Fox (Pteropus vampyrus).  J Compar Physiol - B, Biochem, Systemic, & Environ Physiol.  176:513-519, 2006
126.      Wilkinson CW, Raff H. Comparative evaluation of a new immunoradiometric assay for corticotropin. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 44:669-671, 2006
127.      Bruder ED, Henderson LM, Raff H. Adrenal lipid profiles of chemically sympathectomized normoxic and hypoxic neonatal rats. Horm Metab Res 38:807-811, 2006.
128.      Bruder ED, Raff H, Goodfriend TL. An oxidized derivative of linoleic acid stimulates dehydroepiandrosterone production by human adrenal cells.  Horm Metab Res 38:803-806, 2006.
129.      Kidambi S, Kotchen JM, Grim CE, Raff H, Mao J, Singh RJ, Kotchen TA. Association of adrenal steroids with hypertension and the metabolic syndrome in African Americans.  Hypertension 49:704-711, 2007.
130.      Raff H, Jacobson L. Glucocorticoid feedback control of corticotropin (ACTH) in the hypoxic neonatal rat.  J. Endocrinol. 192:453-458, 2007
131.      Bruder ED, Lee JJ, Widmaier EP, Raff H. Microarray and real-time PCR analysis of adrenal gland gene expression in the 7-day-old rat: effects of hypoxia from birth.  Physiol Genomics 29:193-200, 2007.
132.      Usa K, Singh RJ, Netzel BC, Liu Y, Raff H, Liang M. Renal interstitial corticosterone and 11-dehydrocorticosterone in conscious rats.  Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 293:F186-F192, 2007.
133.      Raff H, Jacobson L, Cullinan WE. Augmented hypothalamic corticotrophin-releasing hormone mRNA and corticosterone responses to stress in adult rats exposed to perinatal hypoxia.  J. Neuroendocrinol. 19:907-912, 2007
134.      Kidambi S, Raff H, Findling JW. Limitations of nocturnal salivary cortisol and urine free cortisol in the diagnosis of mild Cushing’s syndrome.  Eur J Endocrinol 157:725-731, 2007.
135.      Woods DL, Kovach CR, Raff H, Basmadjian A, Hegadoren KM. Using saliva to measure endogenous cortisol in nursing home residents with advanced dementia.  Research in Nursing & Health 31:283-194, 2008.
136.      Bruder ED, VanHoof J, Young JB, Raff H. Epidermal growth factor and parathyroid hormone-related peptide mRNA in the mammary gland and their concentrations in milk: effects of post-partum hypoxia in lactating rats.  Horm Metab Res 40:446-453, 2008.
137.      Raff H. Immulite vs. Scantibodies IRMA Plasma ACTH (Peer Reviewed Letter to the Editor with data). Clinical Chemistry 54:1409-1410, 2008
138.      Bruder ED, Taylor JK, Kamer KJ, Raff H. Development of the ACTH and corticosterone response to acute hypoxia in the neonatal rat.  Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 295:R1195-R1203, 2008.
139.      Raff H. Brock S, Findling JW.  Cosyntropin-stimulated salivary cortisol in hospitalized patients with hypoproteinemia.  Endocrine 34:68-74, 2008.
140.      Carroll T, Raff H, Findling JW. Late-night salivary cortisol for the diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome: a meta-analysis.  Endocrine Practice 15:335-342, 2009
141.      Wade M, Baid S, Kalis K, Raff H, Sinaii N, Nieman L.  Technical details influence the diagnostic accuracy of the 1 mcg ACTH stimulation test.  Eur J Endocrinol 162:109-113, 2010
142.      Bruder ED, Raff H. Cardiac and plasma lipid profiles in response to acute hypoxia in neonatal and young adult rats.  Lipids in Health and Disease 9:3, 2010 (doi:10.1186/1476-511X-9-3)
143.      Bangaru MLY, Woodliff J, Raff H, Kansra S. Growth suppression of mouse pituitary corticotroph tumor AtT20 cells by curcumin: a model for treating Cushing’s disease.  PloS One 5:e9893, 2010 published 13 Apr 2010 | 10.1371/journal.pone.0009893
144.      Cohen EP, Bruder ED, Cullinan WE, Ziegler D, Raff H.  The effect of high dose total body irradiation on ACTH, corticosterone, and catecholamines in the rat. Translational Research 157:38-47, 2011
145.      Kovach CR, Woods DL, Logan BR, Raff H.  Diurnal variation of cortisol in people with dementia: relationship to cognition and illness burden.  American Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Other Dementias 26:145-150, 2011
146.      Bruder ED, Kamer KJ, Guenther MA, Raff H.  Adrenocorticotropic hormone and corticosterone responses to acute hypoxia in the neonatal rat: effects of body temperature maintenance. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 300:R708-R715, 2011.
147.      Raff H, Bruder ED, Cullinan WE, Ziegler D, Cohen EP. Effect of animal facility construction on basal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and renin-aldosterone activity in the rat. Endocrinology 152:1218-1221, 2011.
148.      Raff H, Ettema SL, Eastwood DC, Woodson BT. Salivary cortisol in obstructive sleep apnea: the effect of CPAP.  Endocrine 40:137-139, 2011
149.      Valentine AR, Raff H, Liu H, Ballesteros M, Rose JM, Jossart GH, Cirangle P, Bravata DM. Salivary cortisol increases after bariatric surgery in women. Horm Metab Res 43:587–590, 2011
150.      Sharma ST, Raff H, Nieman LK.  Prolactin as a marker of successful catheterization during IPSS in patients with ACTH-dependent Cushing’s Syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 96: 3687–3694, 2011.
151.      Guenther MA, Bruder ED, Raff H. Effects of body temperature maintenance on glucose, insulin, and corticosterone responses to acute hypoxia in the neonatal rat.  Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 302:R627-R633, 2012
152.      Kovach CR, Simpson MR, Joosse L, Logan BR, Noonan PE, Reynolds SA, Raff H.  Comparison of the effectiveness of two protocols for treating nursing home residents with advanced dementia.  Research in Gerontological Nursing 5:251-63, 2012.
153.      Raff H, Singh RJ. Measurement of late night salivary cortisol and cortisone by liquid chromatography – tandem mass spectrometry to assess pre-analytical sample contamination with topical hydrocortisone. Clinical Chemistry 58:947-948, 2012.
154.      Raff H, Trivedi H.  Circadian rhythm of salivary cortisol, plasma cortisol, and plasma ACTH in end-stage renal disease.  Endocr Connect 1: 134–142, 2012
155.      Caprirolo G, Ghanayem NS, Murkowski K, Nugent ML, Simpson PM, Raff H.  Circadian rhythm of salivary cortisol in infants with congenital heart disease.  Endocrine 43:214-218, 2013
156.      Chintamaneni L. Bruder ED, Raff H. Effects of age on ACTH, corticosterone, glucose, insulin, and mRNA levels during intermittent hypoxia in the neonatal rat. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 304:R782-R789, 2013.
157.      Johnson K, Bruder ED, Raff H. Adrenocortical control in the neonatal rat: ACTH- and cAMP-independent corticosterone production during hypoxia. Physiol Rep, 1 (3), 2013, e00054, doi: 10.1002/phy2.54.
158.      Kovach CR, Woods DL, Devine EC, Logan BR, Raff H. Biobehavioral measures as outcomes: a cautionary tale. Res Gerontol Nurs. 2013 October 24: 1–10. doi:10.3928/19404921-20131018-01
159.      Roberts CR, Stuhr KL, Hutz MJ, Raff H, Hillard CJ. Endocannabinoid signaling in HPA axis recovery following restraint stress: effects of indirect agonists and comparison of male and female mice. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 117: 17–24, 2014
160.      Chintamaneni K, Bruder ED, and Raff H. Programming of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis by neonatal intermittent hypoxia: effects on adult male ACTH and corticosterone responses are stress-specific. Endocrinology (Early Release doi: 10.1210/en.2013-1736)

BOOKS

1.         Raff, H.  PHYSIOLOGY SECRETS.  Hanley & Belfus, Philadelphia, 1998, 346 pages
2.         Raff, H.  PHYSIOLOGY SECRETS 2nd Edition.  Hanley & Belfus, Philadelphia, 2003, 414 pages
3.         Widmaier EP, Raff H, Strang KT. Vander, Sherman, & Luciano’s HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY: The Mechanisms of Body Function, 9th Edition, McGraw-Hill, Boston, 2004, 823 pages.
4.         Widmaier EP, Raff H, Strang KT. Vander’s HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY: The Mechanisms of Body Function, 10th Edition, McGraw-Hill, Boston, 2006, 827 pages.
5.         Findling JW and Raff H (Guest Editors).  CUSHING’S SYNDROME.  Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America. Vol 34 Number 2 June 2005.
6.         Widmaier EP, Raff H, Strang KT. Vander’s HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY: The Mechanisms of Body Function, 11th Edition, McGraw-Hill, Boston, 2008, 770 pages.
7.         Widmaier EP, Raff H, Strang KT. Vander’s HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY: The Mechanisms of Body Function, 12th Edition, McGraw-Hill, Boston, 2011, 754 pages.
8.         Raff H, Levitzky M. MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY: A SYSTEMS APPROACH. McGraw-Hill Medical, New York, 2011, 786 pages.
9.         Widmaier EP, Raff H, Strang KT. Vander’s HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY: The Mechanisms of Body Function, 13th Edition, McGraw-Hill, Boston, 2014, 800 pages.

CHAPTERS AND REVIEWS

1.         Fitzgerald RS, Raff H, Garger P, Fechter L, Anand A and Said SI.  Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and the carotid body.  In CHEMORECEPTION IN THE CAROTID BODY: Proceedings of the VIth International Meeting on Arterial Chemoreceptors. C Belmonte, DJ Pallot, H Acker and S Fidone, eds.  Leicester University Press, 1981, pp 289‑298.
2.         Fitzgerald RS, Raff H, Garger P , Anand A, and Said SI.  Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) ‑‑ presence and action in the carotid body. In ADV. PHYSIOL. SCI., Volume 14, Endocrinology, Neuroendocrinology, Neuropeptides II. E Stark, GB Makara, B Halasz, Gy Rappay, eds.  Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NY, 1981, pp 255‑258.
3.         Raff H.  Glucocorticoid Inhibition of Neurohypophyseal Vasopressin Secretion.  Am. J. Physiol (Regulatory, Integrative, Compar. Physiol.) 252:R635‑R644, 1987
4.         Raff H.  Interactions between vasopressin and the CRF‑ACTH‑adrenocortical control system.  In: VASOPRESSIN: CELLULAR AND INTEGRATIVE FUNCTIONS. A.W. Cowley, Jr., J‑F Liard, and D.A. Ausiello, editors. Raven Press, New York: 1988, p363‑369.
5.         Findling JW, Engeland WC, Raff H.  The use of immunoradiometric assay for the measurement of ACTH in human plasma.  Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism 1:283‑287, 1990.
6.         Raff H.  The renin‑angiotensin‑aldosterone system during hypoxia.  In: RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION TO HYPOXIA ‑ ORGAN TO ORGANELLE. S. Lahiri, N. Cherniak, and R.S. Fitzgerald, editors.  Oxford University Press (American Physiological Society), New York: 1991, p211‑222
7.         Raff, H., R.C. Brickner, and B. Jankowski.  The renin‑angiotensin‑aldosterone system during hypoxia:  Is the adrenal an oxygen sensor?  In:  HYPOXIA AND MOUNTAIN MEDICINE.  edited by J.R. Sutton, G. Coates, and C.S. Houston, Advances in the Biosciences, Vol. 84. Pergamon Press: Oxford and New York, 1992, p42‑49.
8.         Raff H.  Interactions between neurohypophyseal hormones and the ACTH‑adrenocortical axis.  In:  THE NEUROHYPOPHYSIS: A WINDOW ON BRAIN FUNCTION.  Edited by W.G. North, A.M. Moses, and L. Share. New York Academy of Sciences, New York: 1993, p411‑425.
9.         Findling JW and Raff H.  Chapter 35: Ectopic ACTH. In:  ENDOCRINE TUMORS.  Mazzaferri EL and Samaan NA, eds.  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Cambridge, 1993, p554-566.
10.        Raff H.  Endocrine adaptation to hypoxia. In: HANDBOOK OF PHYSIOLOGY, SECTION 4: Environmental Physiology Volume II. Edited by M.J. Fregly and C.M. Blatteis.  American Physiological Society - Oxford University Press, New York, 1996, p1259-1275. Republished in Comprehensive Physiology 10.1002/cphy.cp040254 (2010)
11.        Raff H.  Suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and other systemic effects of inhaled corticosteroids in asthma.  The Endocrinologist 8:9-14, 1998.
12.        Raff H.  Endocrine Physiology. In: PHYSIOLOGY SECRETS. Raff H, ed. Hanley & Belfus, Phildelphia, 1998, p175-221.
13.        Findling JW and Raff H. Newer diagnostic techniques and problems in Cushing's disease. Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America 28:191-210, 1999.
14.        Raff H and Cullinan WE.  Hypothalamus-neuroendocrinology.  In: NEUROSCIENCE SECRETS.  Wong-Riley M, ed.  Hanley and Belfus, Philadelphia, 1999, p238-251
15.        Raff H.  Salivary cortisol: a useful measurement in the diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome and the evaluation of the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis.  The Endocrinologist 10:9-17, 2000.
16.        Findling JW and Raff H. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome.  Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America 30:729-747, 2001.
17.        Raff H.  Endocrine Physiology. In: PHYSIOLOGY SECRETS 2nd Edition.  Raff H, ed. Hanley & Belfus, 2003, p199-244.
18.        Raff H and Shaker JL. Bone physiology. In: PHYSIOLOGY SECRETS 2nd Edition.  Raff H, ed. Hanley & Belfus, 2003, p245-248.
19.        Raff H and Findling JW.  A physiologic approach to the diagnosis of Cushing syndrome.  Annals of Internal Medicine 138:980-991, 2003
20.        Raff H.  Neonatal dexamethasone therapy: short and long-term consequences.  Trends Endo Metab 15:351-352, 2004.
21.        Raff H.  The role of salivary cortisol determinations in the diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome.  Current Opinion in Endocrinology and Diabetes 11:271-275. 2004.
22.        Findling JW and Raff H.   Screening and diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome. In: CUSHING’S SYNDROME.  Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America. 34:385-402, 2005.
23.        Findling JW and Raff H. Cushing’s syndrome: important issues in diagnosis and management. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab 91:3746–3753, 2006
24.        Rosner W, Auchus RJ, Azziz R, Sluss PM, Raff H. Utility, limitations and pitfalls in measuring testosterone: an Endocrine Society Position Statement.  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 92:405-413, 2007
25.        Findling JW, Raff H.  Cushing’s Disease: Diagnostic Evaluation.  In: DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF PITUITARY DISORDERS. Swearingen B, Biller BMK, eds.  Humana Press, Totowa NJ, 2008, p187-221.
26.        Carroll T, Raff H, Findling JW.  Late-night salivary cortisol measurement in the diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome.  Nature Clinical Practice Endocrinology & Metabolism 4:344-350, 2008.
27.        Raff H, Sluss PM. Pre-analytical issues for testosterone and estradiol assays.  Steroids 73:1297-1304, 2008
28.        Raff H. Cushing’s syndrome: diagnosis using late-night salivary cortisol measurement.  Clinical Laboratory International (CLI) 12:6-8, Dec 2008-Jan 2009
29.        Raff H. Utility of salivary cortisol measurements in Cushing’s syndrome and adrenal insufficiency.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94:3647-3655, 2009
30.        Raff H.  Cushing’s syndrome: diagnosis and surveillance using salivary cortisol. Pituitary 15:64-70, 2012
31.        Raff H. Update on late-night salivary cortisol for the diagnosis of Cushing’s Syndrome: methodological considerations. Endocrine 44:346–349, 2013
32.        Raff H, Sharma ST, Nieman LK.  Physiological basis for the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of adrenal disorders: Cushing’s syndrome, adrenal insufficiency, and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Compr Physiol 4:739-768, 2014

EDITORIALS, COMMENTARIES, LETTERS TO THE EDITOR, BOOK REVIEWS:

1.         Raff H.  Renin‑angiotensin‑aldosterone system during acute hypoxemia (Letter to the Editor).  J. Appl. Physiol. 59:1026, 1985.
2.         Findling JW and Raff H.  Selective hypoaldosteronism and impairment of angiotensin II production.  (Reply to Letter to the Editor). New Engl. J. Med. 317:1739‑1740, 1987.
3.         Colice GL, Farber M, Rose CE, Raff H, and Ramirez G.  Fluid balance in acute and chronic lung disease (Editorial).  Am. Rev. Resp. Dis. 138:1052, 1988
4.         Breslow MJ, Tobin JR, Kubos KL, Traystman RJ, and Raff H.  Coupling of adrenal blood flow and secretion.  (Reply to Letter to the Editor).  Am J. Physiol. (Heart Circ. Physiol.) 30:H1351, 1991.
5.         Dawson, C.A., A.W. Cowley, Jr, G.B. Spurr, J.L. Osborn, H. Raff, et al.  Performance on multiple‑choice/short answer tests is not a sufficient criterion for evaluating the educational value of live animal laboratories in the teaching of physiology.  Am. J. Physiol. (Adv. Physiol. Educ.) 261:S34‑S35, 1991.
6.         Raff H.  Technical Notes: Immunoradiometric Assay.  Endocrine News 19:6, 1994.
7.         Raff H, Shaker JL, Findling JW. Rapid ACTH immunochemiluminescence Assay.  Nichols Institute Breakthrough 2:5-6, 1994
8.         Raff H.  What are the afferent mechanisms of hypotension-induced vasopressin release? News in Physiological Sciences 9:281, 1994
9.         Samson WK and Raff H.  Book Review: Grant Application Writer's Handbook.  Endocrine News 21:6&8, 1996
10.       Raff H.  Clinical case conference as an adjunct to lectures in medical physiology. Advances in Physiology Education 17:S48-S49, 1997
11.       Raff H.  NIH post-doc experience.  The Scientist, June 21, 1999, p 12
12.       Raff H, Shaker JL, Magill SB, Kehoe ME, and Findling JW.  PTHrp during petrosal sinus sampling.  Clin Endocrinol 56:419-420, 2002.
13.       Raff H.  A suggestion for the multiple author issue.  Science 301: 55-57, 2003.
14.       Raff H.  The significance of the blood gas analyzer.  J Appl Physiol 97: 1597–1598, 2004
15.       Raff H, Benos D, Reich M.  Introduction to the classic papers commemorating the APS Legacy Project.  J Appl Physiol 97: 1589–1590, 2004; Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 287: H1883-H1884, 2004; Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 287: C1163-C1164, 2004, Am J Physiol Renal Physiol, 287: F859 - F860, 2004; Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, 287: E811 - E812, 2004; Am J Physiol Regulatory Integrative Comp Physiol 287: R1005 - R1006, 2004; Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 287: L891 - L892, 2004;  Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 287: G939 - G940, 2004.
16.        Raff H.  Using classic papers to teach physiology.  Advan. Physiol. Edu. 29:138, 2005
17.        Findling JW and Raff H. Cushing’s Syndrome – Preface to Book. Endocrinol. Metab. Clinics of North      America. 34:xiii-iv, 2005.
18.        Raff H, Molthen R, Pan W, Kastin AJ. Commentaries on Viewpoint: Effect of altitude on leptin levels, does it go up or down? Control of leptin with altitude exposure J Appl Physiol 105: 1686-1687, 2008.
19.        Raff H, Findling JW. Salivary cortisol or cortisone? Nature Clinical Practice Endocrinology & Metabolism 6:658-660, 2010
20.        Rosner W, Vesper H on behalf of The Endocrine Society (H Raff on committee).  Toward excellence in testosterone testing: a consensus statement. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 95:4542-4548, 2010.
21.        Raff H. Salivary cortisol and the diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome: a coming of age. Endocrine 41:353–354, 2012
22.        Raff H. The realities of salivary cortisol sampling in the real world: Reply to the Letter to the Editor from Belaya and Melnichenko.  Endocrine 42:224-225, 2012
23.        Raff H. Update on late-night salivary cortisol for the diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome: methodological considerations.  Endocrine (epub ahead of print) DOI 10.1007/s12020-013-0013-0.
24.        Raff H, Brown D.  Civil, sensible, and constructive peer review in APS journals.  Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 305:C239-C240, 2013; Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 305:G205-G206, 2013; Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 305:E315-E316, 2013; Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 305:(3) F227-F228, 2013; Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 305:H265-H266, 2013; Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 305:L203-L204, 2013; J Neurophysiol 110:573-574, 2013; Physiol. Genomics 45:629-630, 2013; Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 305:R171-R172, 2013; J Appl Physiol 115:295-296, 2013.

PEER REVIEWED EDUCATIONAL PRODUCTS (Video, Syllabi, or Other Teaching/Educational Materials)

1.         Online Learning:  Vitamin D Regulation, Clinical Significance and Treatment.  American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science (ASCLS) 2012

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ABSTRACTS

1.         Fitzgerald RS, Hauer C, Raff H.  The direct effect of CO2 on the diaphragm.  The Physiologist 20:29, 1977
2.         Fitzgerald RS, Hauer C, and Raff H.  The direct effect of hypercapnea on the rat diaphragm.  American Review of Respiratory Disease 117:335, 1978
3.         Raff H, Garger P, Fechter LD, Tzankoff SP, and Fitzgerald RS.  Adrenal responses to hypoxemia.  Fed. Proc. 38:982, 1979
4.         Raff H, Tzankoff SP, and Fitzgerald RS.  Cortisol and ACTH responses to hypoxic and carbon monoxide hypoxia.  Fed. Proc. 39:489, 1980
5.         Fitzgerald RS, Raff H, Garger P, Anand A, and Said SI.  Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and the carotid body.  Fed. Proc. 39:594, 1980.
6.         Fitzgerald RS, Raff H, Garger P, Anand A, and Said SI.  A role for vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) in the carotid body.  Proc. Inter. Union of Physiol. Sci. 14:412, 1980
7.         Fitzgerald RS, Garger P, Fechter L, Raff H, and Hauer C.  Hypoxia, hypercapnea, and catecholamine release in the cat carotid body.  The Physiologist 23:68, 1980
8.         Raff H, Tzankoff SP, and Fitzgerald RS.  The role of peripheral arterial chemoreceptors in the cortisol and ACTH responses to hypoxic hypoxia.  Fed. Proc. 40:418, 1981
9.         Raff H, Shinsako J, and Dallman MF. Surgery potentiates the ACTH and corticosteroid responses to hypoxia.  Fed. Proc. 41:4915, 1982
10.        Raff H and Shinsako J.  Hypercapnia increases the ACTH and corticosteroid response to graded hypoxia.  Endocrinology 110:383A, 1982
11.        Raff H, Shinsako J, and Dallman MF.  ACTH and corticosteroid responses to isocapnic hypoxia:  the effect of the rate of change of PaO2.  Fed. Proc. 43:726, 1983
12.        Fitzgerald RS, Hauer MC, Bierkamper GG, Bassett DJP, and Raff H.  Rat diaphragm response to unbuffered/buffered acidosis/alkalosis.  Fed Proc. 43:1012, 1983
13.        Raff H, Maselli J, and Reid IA.  Plasma renin activity and angiotensin II concentration during hypoxia in dogs: evidence against converting enzyme inhibition.  Fed. Proc. 43:271, 1984
14.        Raff H, Shinsako J, Wade CE, Keil LC, and Dallman MF. Comparison of the stimulatory effects of ACTH and angiotensin II on aldosterone and corticosteroid levels in conscious dogs.  7th International Congress of Endocrinology.  Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam. 1984, p1102.
15.        Segerson TP, Raff H, Katzoff MN, Levy SA and Findling JW. Intermittent Ectopic Cushing's sydrome:  localization of an occult ACTH source by selective bronchial lavage for ACTH.  7th International Congress of Endocrinology.  Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam. 1984, p1395.
16.        Raff H, TP Segerson, TJ Quirk, BA Pogacar, SA Feldmann, DE Beyerl, KK Livergood, DA Parworth, MN Katzoff, I Margolis, and SA Levy. Renin, angiotensin II, and aldosterone levels in patients with lung disease:  the effects of hypoxia and exercise. Fed. Proc. 44:6787, 1985.
17.        Segerson TP, JW Findling, and H. Raff. Effect of indomethacin on potassium‑stimulated aldosterone secretion. Fed. Proc. 44:4613, 1985

18.        Waters VO, Findling JW, and H. Raff.  Correlation of angiotensin II and renin levels in critically ill patients.  Fed. Proc. 44:6786, 1985.
19.        Waters VO, H. Raff, and J.W. Findling.  Measurement of renin, angiotensin II, and aldosterone levels in critically ill patients.  Critical Care Medicine 13:282, 1985
20.        Raff, H, D. Merrill, M. Skelton, and AW Cowley.  Neurohypophysectomy attenuates the ACTH response to hypotension but not to CRF in conscious dogs.  Endocrinology 116:494A, 1985.
21.        Findling JW, VO Waters, TP Segerson, and H. Raff.  Hyperreninemic hypoaldosteronism in the critically ill:  evaluation of angiotensin II, ACTH, and potassium levels. Endocrinology 116:546A, 1985.
22.        Raff H, R. Sandri, and TP Segerson.  Interaction of hemorrhage and hypoxia in the control of blood pressure, renin, ACTH, and adrenal function in conscious rats.  The Physiologist 28:274, 1985
23.        Cogswell TL, GA Bernath, H Raff, DM Peterson, DJ Janzer, and HS Klopfenstein.  Elevations in total peripheral resistance during cardiac tamponade depend on both alpha adrenergic and renin‑angiotensin mechanisms.  Circulation 72:III‑354, 1985
24.        Cogswell TL, GA Bernath, H Raff, DJ Janzer, DM Peterson, and HS Klopfenstein.  Alpha‑adrenergic and renin‑angiotensin mechanisms modulate the increase in total peripheral resistance during cardiac tamponade.  Clinical Research 33:802A, 1985
25.        Roarty TP, KJ Chadwick, and H. Raff. Renin responses to hemorrhage in conscious rats.  Federation Proceedings 45:186, 1986.
26.        Findling J, T Segerson, P Gotch, H Raff, T Schmahl, A Tector, A Tector III.  Use of a continuous intravenous insulin infusion in 101 diabetic cardiac surgery patients.  Diabetes 35 (Suppl #1):459, 1986
27.        Raff H, D Merrill, M. Skelton, and AW Cowley, Jr.  CRF‑induced increases in vasopressin and ACTH in conscious dogs are potentiated by an osmotic stimulus.  Endocrinology 118:654A, 1986
28.        Raff H, D. Merrill, M. Skelton, and A.W. Cowley, Jr.  Vasopressin responses to CRF in conscious dogs.  Proceedings of the International Union of Physiological Sciences 16:379, 1986.
29.        Klopfenstein HS, TL Cogswell, GA Bernath, and H. Raff.  Humoral and adrenergic mechanisms modulate the increase in total peripheral resistance during acute cardiac tamponade in conscious dogs.  Proceedings of the International Union of Physiological Sciences Volume 16:290, 1986.
30.        Cogswell TL, GA Bernath, H Raff, HS Klopfenstein.  The role of humoral and adrenergic influences on total peripheral resistance during acute cardiac tamponade in conscious dogs.  Clinical Research 34:290A, 1986.

31.        Raff H, D. Merrill, M. Skelton, and A.W. Cowley, Jr.  Vasopressin responses to corticotropin‑releasing factor in conscious dogs: glucocorticoid suppression.   Abstracts of the 1st International Congress of Neuroendocrinology.  Neuroendocrinology: S. Karger: Basel. 1986. p44, abstract #85.
32.        Raff H, TL Cogswell, GA Bernath, and HS Klopfenstein.  Vasopressin and ACTH responses to acute cardiac tamponade in conscious dogs.  Clinical Research 34:899A, 1986
33.        Findling JW, AH Adams, and H. Raff.  Endogenous angiotensin II deficiency:  A cause of selective hypoaldosteronism.  Clinical Research 34:908A, 1986
34.        Raff H, RJ Flemma, AJ Norton, JW Findling.  Angiotensin II generation during cardiopulmonary bypass in humans.  Federation Proceedings 46: 1266, 1987
35.        Raff H, DK Nelson, AJ Norton, RJ Flemma, and JW Findling.  Inhibition of the ACTH response to surgery in humans: corticosteroid‑fentanyl interaction.  Endocrinology 120:486A, 1987.
36.        Raff H, MM Skelton, DC Merrill, and AW Cowley, Jr.  Role of vasopressin in the ACTH response to hypotension in neurohypophysectomized, conscious dogs.  Soc. Neurosci. Abstr. 13:1372, 1987
37.        Findling J, M Kehoe, and H. Raff.  Bilateral petrosal sinus ACTH sampling in Cushing's syndrome:  early recognition of the occult ectopic ACTH syndrome.  Clinical Research 35, 844A, 1987.
38.        Mattson DL, H Raff, and RJ Roman.  Modulation of the pressure‑natriuresis relationship by angiotensin.  20th Annual Meeting Abstracts‑Am Soc Nephrology, 264A.
39.        Raff H, RF Lewin, MM Skelton, AW Cowley Jr, JW Findling, JF King, and G. Dorros.  Transient aortic obstruction increases atrial natriuretic peptide and vasopressin but not renin levels in patients with heart failure.  FASEB Journal 2:A307, 1988.
40.        Griffen SC, MM Skelton, and H Raff.  Vasopressin levels during hypoxia in conscious, cannulated rats.  FASEB Journal 2:A1483, 1988.
41.        Mattson DL, H Raff, and RJ Roman.  Effects of captopril and angiotensin II (AII) on cortical and papillary blood flow in rats. FASEB Journal 2:A1272, 1988
42.        Merrill DC, TJ Ebert, MM Skelton, H Raff, J Lemann Jr, and AW Cowley Jr.  Angiotensin II sensitization of aldosterone responsiveness to plasma sodium in man.  FASEB Journal 2:A1322, 1988.
43.        Raff H and Flemma RJ.  Fast‑feedback inhibition of the ACTH response to surgery in humans.  Endocrinology 122:918A, 1988.
44.        Diaz SD, Waters VO, Raff H, and Findling JW.  Dissociation of renin and aldosterone in critical illness: responses to ACTH and metoclopramide.  Endocrinology 122:123A, 1988.
45.        Raff H, Ball DL, and Goodfriend TL.  The effect of hypoxia on aldosterone secretion in vitro.  Clinical Research 36:835A, 1988.
46.        Raff H, Lewin RF, Skelton MM, Cowley AW Jr, Findling JW, King JF and Dorros G.  Atrial septal puncture and mitral valve obstruction independently increase atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with congestive heart failure.  FASEB J 3:A917, 1989.
47.        Griffen SC, Jankowski B, Skelton MM, and Raff H.  Water restriction augments the vasopressin response to hypoxia in conscious cannulated rats.  FASEB J 3:A245, 1989.
48.        Rossing MH, Griffen SC, and Raff H.  Diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide through pump tubing.  FASEB Journal 3:A274, 1989.
49.        Raff H, Findling JW, and Wong J.  Ultra‑short loop inhibition of ACTH secretion after ACTH(1‑24) administration in man cannot be detected by two‑site immunoradiometric assay.  Abstract #1750 71st Endocrine Society Meeting, 1989
50.        Findling JW, Shaker JL, Hanson JP, Engeland W, Graeber CT, Wong J, and Raff H.  Clinical evaluation of a two‑site immunoradiometric assay for ACTH(1‑39) in normal subjects and patients with pituitary‑adrenal disorders.  Abstract #1749, 71st Endocrine Society Meeting, 1989.
51.        Wood CE and Raff H.  Noninteraction of baroreceptors and chemoreceptors in the control of plasma renin activity responses to fetal hypoxia.  The Physiologist 32:170, 1989.
52.        Wood CE and Raff H.  Fetal chemoreceptor control of renin responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia.  Circulation 80:II‑469, 1989.
53.        Raff H, Brummitt C, Buggy B, Gilson I, McNamara M, and Findling J.  Subnormal aldosterone responses to ACTH in patients with HIV infection.  Clinical Research 37:897A, 1989
54.        Raff H, Ball DL, and Goodfriend TL.  Adrenal glomerulosa cells are oxygen sensitive: low PO2 inhibits aldosteronogenesis in vitro.  In: Hypoxia: The Adaptations, Sutton JR, Coates G, and Remmers JE, editors.  B.C. Decker Inc, Toronto, 1990, p281, Abstract 26.
55.        Raff H, Kohandarvish S, Jankowski B.  Aldosterone secretion in vitro is oxygen sensitive.  FASEB Journal 4:1604A, 1990.
56.        Raff H, Papanek PE, Skelton MM, Cowley AW Jr.  ACTH and vasopressin responses to insulin hypoglycemia in intact and neurohypophysectomized conscious dogs.  Program of the 72nd Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society, Atlanta, USA, Abstract #43
57.        Brickner RC, Jankowski B, Raff H.  Potassium‑stimulated aldosteronogenesis is oxygen sensitive.  Program of the 72nd Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society, Atlanta, USA, Abstract #1102.
58.        Doepker SK, Jankowski B, Raff H.  Vasopressin response to almitrine in normoxic and hypoxic conscious rats.  FASEB Journal 5:A373, 19091 (Abstract 17)
59.        Raff H, Nelson DK, Findling JW, and Kay J.  Acute and chronic suppression of ACTH and cortisol after epidural steroid administration in humans.  Program of the 73rd Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society, Washington, USA, Abstract #65.
60.        Brickner RC, Jankowski BM, and Raff H.  Oxygen‑sensitive steroidogenesis: inhibition of conversion of corticosterone to aldosterone in cyanoketone‑treated adrenal zona glomerulosa cells.  Program of the 73rd Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society, Washington, USA, Abstract #143.
61.        Wood CE and Raff H.  Arterial baroreceptors do not modulate the vasopressin response to hypoxia in late‑gestation fetal sheep.  The Physiologist 34:241, 1991 (Abstract 27.12)
62.        Kay J, Raff H, Findling JW.  Epidural triamcinalone causes prolonged and severe suppression of the pituitary‑adrenal axis.  Anesthesiology 75:A694, 1991.
63.        Raff H and Jankowski B.  Interaction of hypercapnic acidosis and hypoxia on aldosteronogenesis in vitro.  FASEB J. 6:4852, 1992.
64.        Papanek PE, Cowley AW, Schmitt GW, and Raff H.  Effect of hypotension and hyperosmolality on vasopressin and ACTH responses to hypoglycemia in conscious dogs.  FASEB J. 6:3038, 1992
65.        Doepker, S.K., B. Jankowski, and H. Raff.  The sensitivity of aldosterone synthesis to carbon monoxide vs. low oxygen in vitro.  74th Annual Endocrine Society Meetings, San Antonio, TX, 1992, Abstract #82.
66.        Schwartz, J., P. Ash, and H. Raff.  Glucocorticoid‑induced inhibition of the pituitary ACTH response to AVP: effect of elimination of CRF‑target cells.  74th Annual Endocrine Society Meetings, San Antonio, TX, 1992, Abstract #1312.
67.        Papanek, P.E., B. Jankowski, and H. Raff.  Differential sensitivity of the aldosteronogenic pathway to hypoxia during maturation in rabbits.  75th Annual Endocrine Society Meetings, Las Vegas, NV, 1993, Abstract #1528
68.        Raff, H and P.E. Papanek.  Chronic physiological increases in cortisol inhibit vasopressin in conscious dogs.  75th Annual Endocrine Society Meetings, Las Vegas, NV, 1993, Abstract #788
69.        Kay, J, H. Raff, and J.W. Findling. Epidural triamcinolone causes prolonged and severe suppression of the pituitary‑adrenal axis.  Regional Anesthesia 18:55, 1993.
70.        Torres, A. and H. Raff.  Renin‑aldosterone dissociation in critically ill children.  6th Pediatric Critical Care Colloquium, Philadelphia, PA, March, 1993.
71.        Buggy BP, Brummitt CF, Gilson IH, Bernstein BM, Raff H, and Findling JW.  Longitudinal evaluation of adrenocortical function in patients with HIV‑1 infection.  IXth International Conference on AIDS, Berlin, Germany, 1993
72.        Raff, H, P.E. Papanek, J‑F Liard, and A.W. Cowley. Intracarotid vasopressin infusion normalizes the ACTH response to hypotension in neurohypophysectomized, conscious dogs.  Soc. Neurosci. Abstr. 19, 415, 1993
73.        Raff H, Jankowski B, and Papanek PE.  Hypoxia inhibits aldosterone production from rat adrenocortical zona glomerulosa cells in vitro.  FASEB J. 8:A554, 1994
74.        Papanek PE and Raff H.  Chronic physiological increases in cortisol inhibit the vasopressin response to hypertonic saline in conscious dogs.  FASEB J. 8:A824, 1994
75.        Raff H, Shaker JL, Seifert PE, Werner PH, Hazelrigg SR, and Findling JW.  Intraoperative measurement of ACTH during removal of ACTH-secreting bronchial carcinoid tumors.  76th Annual Endocrine Society Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 1994, Abstract #42.
76.        Raff H and Jankowski B.  Oxygen dependence of side-chain cleavage and aldosterone synthase in mitochondria isolated from bovine zona glomerulosa cells.  76th Annual Endocrine Society Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 1994, Abstract #220.
77.        Brickner RC, Raff H, Shaker JL, Findling JW.  Increased ACTH by immunoradiometric assay is an early indicator of primary adrenal insufficiency.  76th Annual Endocrine Society Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 1994, Abstract #1266.
78.        Lucero P, Jankowski B, Papanek PE, Raff H.  Aldosterone production in vitro in zona glomerulosa cells from rats exposed to hypoxia in vivo.  FASEB J. 9:A597, 1995.
79.        Raff H, Lucero P, Cowles VE, Papanek PE.  Vasopressin response to corticotropin-releasing factor and hypertonicity before and after abdominal vagotomy in conscious dogs.  FASEB J. 9:A263, 1995.
80.        Papanek PE, Sladek CD, and Raff H.  The effect of corticosterone and RU486 on vasopressin responses to hyperosmolality in rat hypothalamo-neurohypophysial explants.  FASEB J. 9:A264, 1995
81.        Raff H, Kehoe ME, and Findling JW.  DDAVP increases inferior petrosal sinus ACTH concentration in patients with pituitary and ectopic ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome.  77th Annual Endocrine Society Meeting, Washington, DC, 1995, OR39-6, p100.
82.        Findling JW, Raff H, Hansson JH, Lifton RP.  Liddle's syndrome: a new kindred with a unique mutation in the b-subunit of the renal epithelial sodium channel clinically identified by hypoaldosteronism.  77th Annual Endocrine Society Meeting, Washington, DC, 1995, OR10-2, p59.
83.        Raff H, Jankowski B, Engeland WC, Oaks MK, Papanek PE.  Hypoxia in vivo inhibits the expression of aldosterone synthase (P450aldo) mRNA levels in the rat adrenal cortex.  FASEB J 10:A812, 1996
84.        Papanek PE, Jankowski BM, Baker JE, Goodfriend TL, Raff H.  Exposure to hypoxia from birth increases free fatty acids and inhibits aldosterone production in rabbits.  FASEB J 10:A812, 1996.
85.        Shaker JL, Kay J, Findling JW, Raff H.  Epidural corticosteroid therapy is associated with a decrease in plasma osteocalcin.  10th International Congress of Endocrinology, San Francisco, CA 1996, P1-971, p377.
86.        Findling JW, Kehoe ME, Shaker JL, Brickner RC, Raff H.  Correlation of the interpetrosal sinus gradient with the location of ACTH-secreting microadenomas.  Program of the 4th International Pituitary Congress, pF9, 1996.
87.        Raff H, Jankowski BM, Engeland WC, Oaks MK.  Aldosterone synthase (P450c11AS) activity and mRNA expression in adrenal cells from neonatal rats exposed to hypoxia from birth.  23rd International Aldosterone Conference, Minneapolis, MN, June 1997.
88.        Magill SB, Raff H, Shaker J, Brickner RC, Knechtges TE, Kehoe ME, Findling JW. Comparison of adrenal vein sampling and CT in the differentiation of primary aldosteronism. Endo '97: 79 Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society, Minneapolis, MN, June 1997, Abstract P3-164.
89.        Raff H, Raff JL, Findling JW. Measurement of salivary cortisol in normal subjects and patients with Cushing's syndrome. Endo '97: 79 Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society, Minneapolis, MN, June 1997, Abstract OR28-4.
90.        Raff JL, Raff H, Findling JW, Rudman I, Mattson D, Hammel G, Sasse E, Sheldahl L, Wilson C, Duthie E.  Salivary cortisol levels are elevated in the evening in elderly women and men.  Endo '98. 80th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society, Abstract P1-421
99.        Raff H, Bruder E, Jankowski B, Goodfriend TL.  The effect of 7 days of hypoxia in the neonatal and infant rat: plasma lipids, fatty acids, and lactate.  Experimental Biology '99, Washington, D.C.  Abstract 366.1, p130
100.      Findling JW, Shaker HL, Brickner RC, Magill SB, Lalande BM, Raff H.  Low-dose dexamethasone suppression testing cannot be used to exclude Cushing's Syndrome.  81st Annual Endocrine Society Meeting Abstracts, 1999, San Diego, Abstract OR21-3, p90.
101.      Raff H, Bruder ED, Nagler AK, Jankowski BM.  The effect of hypoxia in vitro on cAMP and steroid production from rat adrenal cells.  FASEB J 14:A639, 2000. Abstract 462.8.
102.      Raff H, Bruder ED, Jankowski BM.  Effect of neonatal hypoxia from birth on corticosterone, leptin, and insulin at 7 days of age and after 14 days of normoxic recovery in the rat.  Endocrine Society 82nd  Annual Meeting, 2000, Toronto, CAN, Abstract 878, p215
103.      Raff H, Findling JW, Singh RJ.  Salivary cortisol/cortisone measurements: Cushing’s syndrome and statins. Endocrine Society 83nd  Annual Meeting, 2001, Denver, CO, Abstract OR21-1, p95
104.      Bruder ED, Raff H, Goodfriend TL, and Ball DL.  A metabolite of linoleic acid stimulates corticosterone production in the rat adrenal cortex.  Abstract of 84th Annual Meeting of Endocrine Society, Abstract P1-505, 2002.
105.      Sujatanond P, Shaker JL, Lalande BM, Raff H, Findling JW.  Hyperthyroidism increases morbidity in patients who undergo open-heart surgery: a retrospective analysis at the single institution.  Abstract of 85th Annual Meeting of Endocrine Society, Abstract P1-508, 2003.
106.      Taylor RL, Grebe SK, Findling JW, Raff H, Singh RL.  Diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome with a sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS method for late night salivary cortisol. Abstract of 85th Annual Meeting of Endocrine Society, Abstract P2-563, 2003.
107.      Bruder ED, Goodfriend TL, Ball DL, Raff H. Corticosterone responses to an oxidized metabolite of linoleic acid by rat adrenal cells in vitro: interaction with ACTH, and roles of cAMP and PKC. Abstract of 85th Annual Meeting of Endocrine Society, Abstract P3-176, 2003.
108.      Bruder ED, Lee PC, Raff H.  Hepatic lipid profiling in the neonatal rat: effects of hypoxia and dexamethasone. Program of the NIH Conference – Lipids and Pathophysiology of Obesity. May 10-11, 2004, Abstract #4.
109.      Findling JW, Kehoe ME, Raff H.  Prolactin as an index of pituitary venous effluent: identification of patients with Cushing’s disease with negative pituitary ACTH gradients during inferior petrosal sinus sampling.  Abstracts of 86th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2004), Abstract P2-452, 2004.
110.      Bruder ED, Raff H, Ball DL, Goodfriend TL.  An oxidized metabolite of linoleic acid modulates androgen production by isolated human adrenocortical cells. Abstracts of 86th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2004), Abstract P3-295.
111.      Brock SA, Raff H, Findling JW.  Cosyntropin-stimulated salivary cortisol as a surrogate for serum free cortisol in hospitalized patients.  Abstracts of 87th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2005). Abstract P3-434
112.      Klinger JE, Bruder ED, Raff H.  Steroidogenesis in neonatal vs. adult rats: effects of catecholamines and NPY.  Abstracts of 87th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2005). Abstract P2-303
113.      Bruder ED, Jacobson L, Raff H.  Effects of dexamethasone on leptin, ghrelin, and corticosterone and on pituitary POMC and CRHR1 mRNA expression in the normoxic and hypoxic neonatal rat. Abstracts of 87th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2005). Abstract P3-4
114.      Liu H, Cabaccan J, Raff H, Findling J, Ryzen E.  Late-night salivary cortisol as a screening test for Cushing’s syndrome in male obese diabetic veterans.  Abstracts of 87th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2005). Abstract P2-523
115.      Bruder ED, Lee JJ, Widmaier EP, Raff H. Microarray and real-time PCR analysis of adrenal gland gene expression in the 7-day old rat: effects of hypoxia from birth.  Abstracts of 88th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2006). Abstract P1-500.
116.      Kidambi S, Raff H, Findling JW. The diagnosis of mild Cushing’s syndrome in patients with normal urine free cortisol: utility of nocturnal salivary cortisol Abstracts of 88th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2006). Abstract P3-871.
117.      Carroll T, Raff H, Findling JW.  Nocturnal salivary cortisol for the diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome: a meta-analysis.  Abstracts of 90th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2008).  Abstract OR40-3
118.      Mepani JB, Findling JW, Salvatori R, Toth DW, Nora EH, Raff H.  Discordant Late-Night Salivary Cortisol Results: A Retrospective Analysis. Abstracts of 91st Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2009).   Abstract P1-623
119.     Bangaru MLY, Woodliff J, Chen S, Raff H, Kansra S.  A Novel Therapeutic Agent for Cushing's Disease: Curcumin (Diferyloylmethone) Inhibits Proliferation and ACTH Secretion in AtT20 Cells. Abstracts of 91st Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society (Endo2009).   Abstract P3-577
120.      Cohen E, Bruder ED, Jankowski BM, Raff H. Pituitary-adrenal function after total body irradiation: effect of head shielding. J. Investigat. Med 58:671, 2010
121.      Raff H, Trivedi H. Assessment of the Circadian Rhythm of the HPA Axis in End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Using Salivary and Serum Cortisol.  Endocrine Reviews 31:S1575, 2010
122.      Bruder ED, Kamer KJ, Guenther MA, Raff H. Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical, Catecholamine, Glucose, and Endocrine Pancreas Responses to Acute Hypoxia in the Neonatal Rat: Effect of Spontaneous Hypothermia Versus Maintenance of Body Temperature.  Am Acad Peds National Conference and Exhibition, 2010, San Francisco, CA, Abstract 8887 - Oral Presentation
123.      Guenther MA, ED Bruder, and Raff H. Interaction of acute hypoxia and body temperature on metabolic and endocrine responses in the neonatal rat: effect of preventing spontaneous hypothermia.  Experimental Biology 2011, Abstract 1110.7
124.      Sharma ST, Raff H, Nieman LK. Prolactin as a marker of successful catheterization during inferior petrosal sinus sampling (IPSS) in patients with ACTH-dependent Cushing syndrome.  Endocr Rev 32: P3-536, 2011
125.      Guenther MA, Bruder ED, Chintamaneni K, Raff H.  Insulin, C-peptide, glucose, and heart rate responses to acute intermittent hypoxia in the neonatal rat: body temperature and chemical sympathectomy.  Experimental Biology 2012, Abstract 896.1
126.      Chintamaneni K, Bruder ED, Guenther MA, Raff H.  Response of the HPA axis to intermittent hypoxia in the neonatal rat: ACTH, corticosterone, and the expression of adrenal mRNAs. Experimental Biology 2012, Abstract 896.5
127.      Johnson K, Bruder ED, Engeland WC, Raff H. Acute hypoxia in neonatal rats: a novel ACTH- and cAMP-independent control of adrenal function. Experimental Biology 2013, Abstract 1207.4
128.      Chintamaneni K., Bruder E, Guenther MA, Raff H. Intermittent hypoxia in the neonate leads to an augmented stress response in adult rats. Experimental Biology 2013, Abstract 938.5
129.      Bruder ED, Nunez L, Hoffman MJ, Moreno C, Raff H. Control of aldosterone release in vitro in the renin knockout rat. Experimental Biology 2013, Abstract 909.3
130.      Sharma ST, Raff H, Lonser RR, Oldfield EH, Nieman LK.  Does prolactin measurements improve lateralization during IPSS in patients with Cushing’s disease? ENDO13 Abstract OR42-2
131.      Venkatesan T, Samuel EA, Kumar N, Sengupta J, Ali M, Faddis M, Raff H, Hillard C.  The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) and the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Axis in Adults With Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS). Gastroenterology, Volume 144, Issue 5, Supplement 1, May 2013, Page S-924

 

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