Banking refers to collecting and storing data or biospecimens for future, unspecified research purposes. This is sometimes done alongside another research protocol or is done with the sole purpose of storage for future research. It is a way to gather specimens or health information from a group of individuals with something in common (for example - HIV+, have anal cancer, pneumonia, taking a certain medication).
Influenza Plus Hospitalization study: PI- Mark Beilke, MD:
An observational, prospective study that will enroll persons who are hospitalized with suspected or confirmed Influenza or other targeted non-influenza viral respiratory infections, such as MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV. The purpose of the influenza hospitalization study is to obtain information on risk factors for mortality and other adverse outcomes, and to collect and store (bank) specimens for use in virus characterization, including subtyping, antigenic and genetic analyses, identification of signature mutations associated with antiviral drug resistance, mutational evolution, and additional re-assortment of the flu virus.
The main objective for the non-influenza respiratory virus study is to characterize initial cases and their outcomes in order to develop more specific protocols that could help in the prevention and treatment of these new infections.
Nasal Swab and PneumoniaCheck™ Study: PI- Mark Beilke, MD:
A sample collection study to gather data for the development of a Rapid test for Pneumonia.
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an acute infection of the lung parenchyma that occurs in patients who have not been hospitalized or in long-term care for at least 14 days prior to the onset of symptoms. CAP is a worldwide problem and is the leading cause of death from infectious disease in the United States, where it affects more than four million adults each year.
Diagnostic testing to establish the cause of CAP is extremely important because it can give a good assessment of the severity of the illness and identifies those patients who will benefit from antibiotic treatment. Rapid testing allows early administration of treatment (within four hours of admission), which can significantly reduce mortality rates, length of hospital stay, the cost of care, and it can help decrease the inappropriate use of antibiotics. Identifying the etiology of CAP allows for targeted therapy rather than broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy.