Behavioral and Community Research
Center for AIDS Intervention Research
Dr. Andrew Petroll is a clinical Infectious Disease Specialist and a faculty researcher at the Center for AIDS Intervention Research (CAIR). CAIR is a multidisciplinary HIV prevention research center that is supported by an AIDS research grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. CAIR also receives grant support from other sources, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Wisconsin AIDS/HIV Program, and the Medical College of Wisconsin. The research center is based in the Department of Psychiatry and behavioral Medicine of the Medical College of Wisconsin. The research mission of the CAIR is to develop, conduct, and evaluate new interventions to prevent HIV among persons most vulnerable to the disease.
Dr. Petroll's research interests include how patients' risk behaviors for HIV transmission are addressed in clinical settings, how patient-physician interactions affect the disclosure and discussion of HIV risk behaviors, and how patient and physician characteristics influence such discussions. He is interested in studying the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving HIV risk behavior discussions between health care providers and both HIV-negative and HIV-positive patients, assessing HIV testing behaviors within high-risk populations, and intervening to increase serostatus testing. Recent Publications
AIDS Resource Center of Wisconsin (ARCW)
Failure to diagnose HIV infection results in increased morbidity, mortality and cost. Despite a CDC recommendation for universal HIV screening, one-quarter of those infected are unaware of their HIV status. Because HIV disproportionately impacts individuals with limited access to care, those at the highest risk for HIV are least likely to be tested. Targeted strategies such as Social Networks Testing (SNT) increase numbers of high-risk persons tested for HIV and may be more cost effective. MCW faculty and ARCW Medical Director, John Fangman, MD was awarded a Healthier Wisconsin Partnership Program grant to implement Social Networks Testing at ARCW.