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Bernd RemlerBernd F. Remler, M.D.

Professor of Neurology and Ophthalmology
Chief of Adult Neurology

Specialty: Adult Neurology


  • Neuro-Ophthalmology


  • M.D., Justus Liebig Universität, Giessen, Germany, 1971-1978


  • Ophthalmology Residency, University Hospitals, Frankfurt/Main, Germany, 1979-1983
  • Neurology Residency, University Hospitals, Cleveland, Ohio, 1983-1986
  • Epilepsy and Electro Encephalography Fellowship, University Hospitals, Cleveland, Ohio, 1986-1987
  • Neuro-ophthalmology Fellowship, University Hospitals, Cleveland, Ohio, 1987-1988


  • American Medical Association
  • American Academy of Neurology
  • North American Neuro-ophthalmological Society
  • Upper Midwest Neuro-ophthalmology Group
  • American Epilepsy Society
  • Wisconsin Neurological Society
  • Milwaukee Ophthalmological Society

Brief Clinical/Research Interest Statement

To be updated soon.

Selected Publications:

Original Articles:

  1. Hogan RE, Collins SD, Reed RC, Remler BF. Neuro-ophthalmological signs during rapid intravenous administration of phenytoin. J Clin Neurosci 1999 Nov;6(6):494-7 PMID 18639188
  2. Nash J, Cheng JS, Meyer GA, Remler BF. Chiari type I malformation: overview of diagnosis and treatment. WMJ 2002;101(8):35-40 PMID 12557611
  3. Averbuch-Heller L, Dell'Osso LF, Jacobs JB, Remler BF. Latent and congenital nystagmus in Down syndrome. J Neuroophthalmol 1999 Sep;19(3):166-72 PMID 10494944
  4. Bednarczyk, E.M., Remler, B.F., Adler, L.P., Weikart, C., Nelson, D.A., Miraldi, F., Reed, R.C.:  Evaluation of global cerebral blood flow, blood volume and oxygen metabolism in patients with migraine headache. Neurology 50: 1736-1740, 1998.
  5. Stahl JS, Averbuch-Heller L, Remler BF, Leigh RJ. Clinical evidence of extraocular muscle fiber-type specificity of botulinum toxin. Neurology 1998 Oct;51(4):1093-9 PMID 9781535
  6. Weiner A, Schmidt ME, Patel S, Gussler CH, Remler BF, Kaufman SR, Kohn HD, Weidenthal DT. Foveal outer retinal function in eyes with unexplained visual symptoms or acuity loss. Arch Ophthalmol 1998 Sep;116(9):1161-8 PMID 9747673
  7. Richardson RF Jr, Remler BF, Katirji B, Murad MH. Guillain-Barré syndrome after Cyclospora infection. Muscle Nerve 1998 May;21(5):669-71 PMID 9572253
  8. Kori AA, Robin NH, Jacobs JB, Erchul DM, Zaidat OO, Remler BF, Averbuch-Heller L, Dell'Osso LF, Leigh RJ, Zinn AB. Pendular nystagmus in patients with peroxisomal assembly disorder. Arch Neurol 1998 Apr;55(4):554-8 PMID 9561985
  9. Averbuch-Heller L, Rottach KG, Zivotofsky AZ, Suarez JI, Pettee AD, Remler BF, Leigh RJ. Torsional eye movements in patients with skew deviation and spasmodic torticollis: responses to static and dynamic head roll. Neurology 1997 Feb;48(2):506-14 PMID 9040747
  10. Averbuch-Heller L, Stahl JS, Remler BF, Leigh RJ. Bilateral ptosis and upgaze palsy with right hemispheric lesions. Ann Neurol 1996 Sep;40(3):465-8 PMID 8797540
  11. Averbuch-Heller L, Kori AA, Rottach KG, Dell'Osso LF, Remler BF, Leigh RJ. Dysfunction of pontine omnipause neurons causes impaired fixation: macrosaccadic oscillations with a unilateral pontine lesion. Neuroophthalmology 1996 Apr;16(2):99-106 PMID 11539873
  12. Tahsildar HI, Remler BF, Creger RJ, Cooper BW, Snodgrass SM, Tarr RW, Lazarus HM. Delayed, transient encephalopathy after marrow transplantation: case reports and MRI findings in four patients. J Neurooncol 1996 Mar;27(3):241-50 PMID 8847558
  13. Remler, B.F., Herrup, K.:  Editorial Comment on Constantinescu, C.S. et al. Duane's retraction syndrome and spastic paraparesis. Neuro-Ophthalmology 15: 239-240, 1995.
  14. Averbuch-Heller L, Poonyathalang A, von Maydell RD, Remler BF. Hering's law for eyelids: still valid. Neurology 1995 Sep;45(9):1781-3 PMID 7675249
  15. Tomsak RL, Remler BF, Averbuch-Heller L, Chandran M, Leigh RJ. Unsatisfactory treatment of acquired nystagmus with retrobulbar injection of botulinum toxin. Am J Ophthalmol 1995 Apr;119(4):489-96 PMID 7709974
  16. Averbuch-Heller L, Zivotofsky AZ, Remler BF, Das VE, Dell'Osso LF, Leigh RJ. Convergent-divergent pendular nystagmus: possible role of the vergence system. Neurology 1995 Mar;45(3 Pt 1):509-15 PMID 7898707
  17. Leigh RJ, Averbuch-Heller L, Tomsak RL, Remler BF, Yaniglos SS, Dell'Osso LF. Treatment of abnormal eye movements that impair vision: strategies based on current concepts of physiology and pharmacology. Ann Neurol 1994 Aug;36(2):129-41 PMID 8053648
  18. Cooper GS, Blades EW, Remler BF, Salata RA, Bennert KW, Jacobs GH. Central nervous system Whipple's disease: relapse during therapy with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and remission with cefixime. Gastroenterology 1994 Mar;106(3):782-6 PMID 7509765
  19. Bednarczyk, E.M., Adler, L., Remler, B.F., Goyer, P., Wizniter, M., Leisure, G.P., Little, D., Miraldi, F.:  Assessment of the effects of Ciprofloxacin and Nalidixic Acid on cerebral blood flow and metabolism in healthy subjects via Positron Emission Tomography.  Pharmacotherapy 14: 153-161, 1994.
  20. Weinberger LM, Cohen ML, Remler BF, Naheedy MH, Leigh RJ. Intracranial Wegener's granulomatosis. Neurology 1993 Sep;43(9):1831-4 PMID 8043050
  21. Leigh RJ, Tomsak RL, Grant MP, Remler BF, Yaniglos SS, Lystad L, Dell'Osso LF. Effectiveness of botulinum toxin administered to abolish acquired nystagmus. Ann Neurol 1992 Nov;32(5):633-42 PMID 1449243
  22. Lanska, D.J., Remler, B.F.:  Erb, Westphal, and the Introduction of the Knee Jerk. J. Child Neurology 7:112-114, 1991.
  23. Remler BF, Leigh RJ, Osorio I, Tomsak RL. The characteristics and mechanisms of visual disturbance associated with anticonvulsant therapy. Neurology 1990 May;40(5):791-6 PMID 2330106


Books, Chapters and Reviews:

  • Remler, B.F., and Daroff, R.B.:  Falls and Drop Attacks.  In:  Bradley, W.G., Daroff, R.B., Fenichel, G.M., and Marsden, C.D. (eds.):  Neurology in Clinical Practice.  Butterworth-Heineman, Boston, 1990 (1st ed.), (2nd ed.), 1999 (3rd ed.).
  • Lanska, M.J., Lanska, D.J., and Remler, B.F.: Julius Thomsen (1815-1896) and myotonia congenita.  In:  Ashwal S (ed.):  Founders of Child Neurology.  Norman Publishing Co., San Francisco, 1990, pp 364-369.
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