Medical College of Wisconsin Physician Specialties


Specialty Area of Focus
Adolescent Medicine
A medical field that concentrates on the unique health care needs of adolescents.
Allergy & Immunology Allergic and immunologic diseases and their respiratory complications (such as pollen, chemical and food allergies, asthma and AIDS).
Anesthesia Anesthesia or relief of pain during surgery and childbirth, and control of pain due to various causes.
An audiologist is a healthcare professional specializing in identifying, diagnosing, treating and monitoring disorders of the auditory and vestibular system portions of the ear.
Bariatric Medicine / Bariatric Surgery
A medical specialty that studies obesity and weight problems, including their causes, prevention, and treatment. 
Cardiology / Cardiovascular Disease Diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Cardiothoracic Surgery Diseases of the chest, including lungs, heart, blood vessels and chest wall, that require surgical operation for diagnosis and/or treatment.
Child Development Assessment of a child’s delays developmentally, behaviorally or emotionally; developmental disorders; genetic disorders; or long-term consequences of medical conditions.
Child Protection Addresses issues of child abuse and maltreatment including identification, prevention, safety and protection. 
Chiropractor A system of therapy in which disease is considered the result of abnormal function of the nervous system. The method of treatment usually involves manipulation of the spinal column and other body structures.
Colorectal Surgery Diseases of the large intestine (bowel), rectum and anus that require surgical operation for diagnosis or treatment.
Critical/Intensive Care Management of patients with conditions such as adult respiratory distress syndrome, necrotizing fasciitis, sepsis, and multiple organ failure.
Dermatology Diseases of the skin.
Ear, Nose & Throat See "Otolaryngology".
Emergency Medicine Diseases that are acute medical or surgical conditions or injuries that require urgent or immediate care (usually in a hospital emergency room).
Endocrine Surgery Division of surgery which specializes in the surgical treatment of endocrine diseases.
Endocrinology and Metabolism Diseases of the internal glands of the body, including diabetes mellitus.
Family Practice All diseases and related total health care of an individual and the family.
Gastroenterology Diseases of the digestive tract, including the stomach, bowel, liver and pancreas.
General Practice All diseases and related total health care of an individual and the family.
General Surgery Disease that require surgical operation for diagnosis or treatment.
Geriatric Medicine Diseases of the elderly.
Gynecologic Oncology See "Obstetrics and Gynecology".
Gynecology See "Obstetrics and Gynecology".
Hematology Disorders of the blood and blood-forming organs (including cancerous disorders of the blood) such as anemia, leukemia and lymphoma (see Oncology, Medical).
Hepatology  See "Transplant Hepatology".
Hospice and Palliative Medicine
Medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of disease symptoms to prevent and relieve suffering and to improve quality of life for people facing serious, complex illness.
Medical discipline concerned with the general medical care of hospitalized patients. 
Infectious Diseases Infections of all types.
Internal Medicine All diseases and total health care of adults, usually 18 years of age and older.
Neonatology Disease of the newborn child.
Nephrology Diseases of the kidney, including dialysis.
Neurological Surgery Diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nervous system and related structures requiring surgery.
Neurology Diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nervous system and related structures.
A physician who specializes in the effects that injury to or diseases of the brain and spinal cord have on emotions, behavior, and learning.
OB/GYN - Reproductive Endocrinology Diagnosis and management of infertility in women, including pregnancy loss, surgery and preservation of the reproductive tract
OB/GYN - Gynecologic Oncology Cancer diseases of the female reproductive system.
OB/GYN - Maternal/Fetal Care Involved in guiding the management of medical and surgical complications that a mother may encounter during pregnancy.
Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) Normal and abnormal pregnancy, diseases of the female reproductive system and fertility disorders.
Oncology (Medical Oncology) Study and medical treatment of cancer (e.g. chemotherapy)
Ophthalmology Diseases of the eye.
Oral/Maxillofacial Surgery Specializes in surgical correction of deformities, injuries and diseases of the mouth, teeth, jaws and facial structures.
Orthopedic Surgery Diseases of the bones, joints, muscles and tendons.
Otolaryngology Diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, throat and upper airway passages.
Pathology Tissues and specimens removed by biopsy and surgery to diagnose normal from diseased tissues and specimens; supervises and interprets laboratory tests on blood, urine and other body fluids.
Pediatric Genetics Pediatric geneticists diagnose genetic conditions and recommend follow-up care.
Pediatric Surgery Subspecialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. 
Pediatrics All diseases and total health care of newborns, infants, children and adolescents.
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Diseases with major and minor disabilities requiring restoration of functional ability such as assistance, retraining and recondition of muscles, tendons and extremities for ambulation and other activities of daily living.
Plastic Surgery Diseases and conditions requiring surgical reconstruction for deformity or loss of a body part, or for cosmetic purposes to improve appearance or function.
Podiatry Disease of the foot and ankle as they affect the conditions of the feet.
Preventive Medicine Health care and other measures to avoid delay or prevent disease or illness from occurring.
Psychiatry Diseases affecting mental health including diseases of the brain, nervous system and substance abuse of drugs or chemicals.
Psychology A professional (non-medical) specialty concerned with diagnosing and treating diseases of the brain, emotional disturbance, and behavior problems.
Pulmonary Medicine Diseases of the lung.
Radiation Oncology Cancer and other diseases with x-ray therapy, radioactive isotopes and linear accelerator particle radiation.
Radiology, Diagnostic X-ray, ultrasound and other imaging techniques such as Computerized Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine Diseases requiring use of radioactive isotopes or as an aid in diagnosis and/or therapy.
Rheumatology Diseases of the joints including arthritis and autoimmune diseases.
Sports Medicine Diseases and injuries acquired in sports.
Surgical Oncology
Branch of surgery which focuses on the surgical management of cancer.
Transplant Hepatology Surgery to treat disorders of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas.
Trauma Surgery
Trauma surgery is a surgical specialty involved in the invasive treatment of physical injuries, typically in an emergency setting.
Urology Diseases of the kidneys, bladder and male reproductive tract that require surgical operation.
Vascular Surgery Diseases of the blood vessels that require surgical operation for diagnosis or treatment.
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