Series on 100th anniversary of the founding of Marquette University School of Medicine continues
Jan. 18, 2013 College News - In honor of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Marquette University School of Medicine (MUSM), the Medical College of Wisconsin is running a series of stories and hosting various events the week of Jan. 14-18. The Marquette University School of Medicine was formed on Jan. 14, 1913, and, in 1970, became the Medical College of Wisconsin, and its founding is an important milestone in MCW’s history.
Today, we are highlighting some discoveries made at the MUSM and four current MCW faculty members who were on the Marquette University School of Medicine faculty.
The Quick Test, the first standardized assay for the measurement of coagulation other than whole blood clotting time, was discovered. (Armand Quick, PhD, Biochemistry, 1932)
Discovered that hyperbaric oxygenation dramatically reduces red cell agglutination, a significant advance in the prevention of “the bends” during rapid decompression. (Edgar End, PhD, Physiology, 1939)
Developed the first self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) devices used by deep-sea divers to prevent “the bends.” (Edgar End, PhD, Physiology, 1939)
Developed the Milwaukee Brace, still considered to be the gold standard worldwide for the conservative treatment of scoliosis. (Walter Blount, MD, Orthopaedic Surgery, 1947)
Discovered Hemoglobin-M, which has led to a better understanding of the mechanisms by which hemoglobin transports oxygen in the blood. (Anthony Pisciotta, MD, Medicine – Hematology/Oncology, 1958)
Jordan H. Fink, MD, Professor of Pediatrics (Allergy), Walter J. Hogan, MD, Professor of Medicine (Gastroenterology and Hepatology), Walter F. Piering, MD, Professor of Medicine (Nephrology), and Stuart D. Wilson, MD, Professor of Surgery (Surgical Oncology), were on the faculty when MCW was still a part of Marquette University.
Dr. Hogan remembers how different the times were back then in terms of technology and available resources – there were no medical libraries or computer banks. He said that many of the people in his graduating class went on to have fairly successful careers, a sign that the teachers at Marquette did a wonderful job training and preparing the students.
He, like the others, trained and worked at the Milwaukee County Hospital. The hospital served indigents, and the students completed rotations there during their junior and senior years of medical school.
Dr. Hogan was part of the class of 1958, and they donated funds to name a room in honor of Bessie Casey, who handled most of the admissions and was the “voice of the students” from the 1950s to the 1970s.
Dr. Wilson also remembers his time at County Hospital, and shared the photo included with this story. The photo is of the surgical residents in 1963-1964 standing in front the hospital, near the ponds – a spot which is now where the front doors of the Froedtert & The Medical College of Wisconsin Clinical Cancer Center now stand.
Dr. Wilson said that at the time, the residents all wore the crisp white uniforms, and the nurses at the hospital also wore white hats. The surgical resident group was all men, which has changed dramatically since. The current group of general surgery residents is more than 50% women.
Dr. Piering began his career in nephrology teaching kidney physiology in the old Cramer Building on the Marquette University campus at 13th and Wisconsin Avenue. There he had an opportunity to meet and work with great professors such as Armand Quick, PhD, and Anthony Pisciotta, MD.
Like the others, Dr. Piering remembers that as part of the house staff working at Milwaukee County Hospital, he wore starched white uniforms and also got free food. He said they were taught by volunteer physicians who practiced in the community and who had a great fund of practical information they shared. He said the hospital was well known for having excellent physicians for clinical practice, and that Doctors Murphy and Engstrom were pioneers in the department of medicine in developing a more academic program. They, along with Doctor Ellison (“sweaty Eddie”), attracted the early fulltime physicians who became the core of the clinical medicine at MUSM and MCW.
Some well known Milwaukee surgeons are in this picture: John Riesch, MD, Jack Foley, MD, John Just, MD, Dudley Johnson, MD, Loren Yount, MD, and William Schulte, MD. Also pictured: Robert Dawes, MD, William Evans, MD, John McAnlis, MD, George Cooper, MD, John Denby, MD, Joe Williams, MD, Cliff Starr, MD, Dave Trump, MD, Gene Snyder, MD, and Joe Gutierrez, MD. Absent from this picture is Stuart Wilson, MD