Willenbring BD, Lerner EB, Brasel K, Cushman JT, Guse CE, Shah MN, Swor R. Evaluation of a Consensus-Based Criterion Standard Definition of Trauma Center Need for Use in Field Triage Research. Prehospital Emergency Care 2016; 20(1):1-5.
Browne LR, Studnek JR, Shah, MI, Brousseau DC, Guse CE, Lerner EB. Prehospital Opioid Administration In The Emergency Care Of Injured Children. Prehospital Emergency Care 2016; 20(1):59-65.
Nelson D, Nelson K, Miller J, Miller M, and Ramsey M. Traces and spaces of those living on the margins of Milwaukee. Medicine Anthropology Theory 2016: 3(1): 110-121.
Nelson D, Harris A, Horner-Ibler B, Harris K.S, Burns E. Hearing the community: Evolution of a nutrition and physical activity program for African American women to improve weight. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 27 (2016): 560–567.
Morris GL, Chapman K, Nelson D, Fink J, Walker R, & Cisler R. Physician use of electronic health record in obesity management. Wisconsin Medical Journal 2016; 115(3), 33-35.
Morzinski JA, Toth H, Simpson D, Young S, Marcdante K. Students’ Critical Incidents Point the Way to Safer Patient Care Transitions. Wisconsin Medical Journal 2016; 115(2), 81-84.
Nelson D, Harris A, Horner-Ibler B, Salas Harris K, and Burns E. Hearing the Community: Evolution of a Nutrition and Physical Activity Program for African American Women to Improve Weight. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 2016 27 (2):560-567.
Haley KB, Lerner EB, Guse CE, Pirrallo RG. Effect of System-wide Interventions on the Assessment and Treatment of Pain by Emergency Medical Services Providers. Prehospital Emergency Care, 2016; Early Online:1-7.
Nelson DA, Simenz CJ, O’Connor SP, Greer YD, Bachrach AL, Shields T, Fuller BA, Horriagn K, Pritchard K, Springer JB, and Meurer JR. Using Group Model Building to Understand Factors That Influence Childhood Obesity in an Urban Environment. J Public Health Management Practice, 2015, 00(00), 1-5.
Sandy M. and Franco Z. (2014) Grounding Service-Learning in the Digital Age: Exploring a Virtual Sense of Geographic Place Through Online Collaborative Mapping and Mixed Media. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 18 (4), 201-233.
Guse CE, Peterson DJ, Christiansen AL, Mahoney J, Laud P, and Layde PM. Translating a Fall Prevention Intervention Into Practice: A Randomized Community Trial. AJPH 2015 e1-e7.
Patterson L, Bernstein R. A Revitalized Community Medicine Course for Third-Year Medical Students. In the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine newsletter, STFM Messenger. An international newsletter published online June 30, 2015. Accessed 7/1/15.
Jackson JL, Cogbill E, Santana-Davila R, Eldredge C, Collier W, Gradall A, et al. (2015) A Comparative Effectiveness Meta-Analysis of Drugs for the Prophylaxis of Migraine Headache. PLoS ONE 10(7): e0130733. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130733
Franco ZE, Ahmed SM, Maurana CA, DeFino MC and Brewer DD (2015) A Social Network Analysis of 140 Community-Academic Partnerships for Health: Examining the Healthier Wisconsin Partnership Program. Clinical and Translational Science, 8: 311–319. doi: 10.1111/cts.12288.
Peterson DJ, Christiansen AL, Guse CE, and Layde PM. Community Translation of Fall Prevention Interventions: The Methods and Process of a Randomized Trial. Journal of Community Psychology, 2015; 43(8): 1005-1018.
Rizia R, Franco Z, Hooyer K, Johnson N, Patwary ABM, Ahsan GMT, and Ahmed SI. (2015, December). iPeer: A Sociotechnical Systems Approach for Helping Veterans with Civilian Reintegration. In Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Symposium on Computing for Development (pp. 85-93). ACM.
Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Ahmed S, Franco Z, Kissack A, Gabriel D, Hurd T, Ziegahn L, Bates NJ, Calhoun K. Carter-Edwards L, Corbie-Smith G, Eder M, Ferrans C, Hacker K, Rumala BB, Streinick H, and Wallerstein N. Towards a Unified Taxonomy of Health Indicators: Academic Health Centers and Communities Working Together to Improve Population Health. Academic Medicine 2014 89:4 564-572.
Collins SL, Layde P, Guse CE, Schlotthauer AE, Van Valin SE (2014) The Incidence and Etiology of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Patients under the Age of 18 in the State of Wisconsin. Pediat Therapeut 4: 196. doi:10.4172/2161-0665.1000196.
Ahmed S, DeFino MC, Connors ER, Kissack A, and Franco Z. Science Cafes: Engaging Scientists and Community through Health and Science Dialogue. CTS Journal 2014 0:0 1-5.
Solomon S, Bullock S, Calhoun K, Crosby L, Eakin B, Franco Z, Hardwick E, Leinberger-Jabari A, Newton, Odell, Paberzs, and Spellecy R. Piloting a Nationally Disseminated, Interactive Human Subjects Protectin Program for Community Partners: Unexpected Lessons Learned from the Field. CTSJournal.com 2014: 7:(2) 172-176.
Beyer KMM, Heller B, Bizub J, Kistner A, Shawgo E, Zetts C, and Szabo A. 2014. More Than a Pretty Place: examining the influence of environmental education on children’s outdoor play in nature. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2014 Global Summit on the Physical Activity of Children: Abstracts, 11(Supp 1), S126 – S198.
Eldredge C, Patterson L, White B, Schellhase K. Assessing the Readiness of a School System to Adopt Food Allergy Management Guidelines. Wisconsin Medical Journal, 113 (4):155- 161.
Brixey SN, Weaver NL, Guse CE, Zimmerman H, Williams J, Corden TE, and Gorelick MH. The Impact of Behavioral Risk Assessments and Tailored Health Information on Pediatric Injury. Clinical Pediatrics published online Sept. 4, 2014, DOI: 10.1177/0009922814549544.
Beyer K, Bizub J, Szabo A, Heller B, Kistner A, Shawgo E, Zetts C. Development and validation of the attitudes toward outdoor play scales for children. Social Science & Medicine (2014).
Fink JT, Morris GL, Singh M, Nelson DA, Walker RE, Cisler RA. Discordant Documentation of Obesity Body Mass Index and Obesity Diagnosis in Electronic Medical Records. J Patient-Centered Res Rev. 2014; 1:164-170.
Franco Z, Flower M, Whittle J, and Sandy M. (2014) Professional Ethics & Virtue Ethics in Community Engaged Healthcare Training. In D. Mitchell & R. Ream (Eds.), Professional Responsibility: The Fundamental Issue in Education and Health Care Reform (pp. 211-230). Springer Series on Advances in Medical Education. Switzerland: Springer.
Hunter P, Kessler C, Frazer D, Greer Y, Nelson D, Harley A, Martinez R, and Flynn P. JHCPU-Apr-2014-RF-0264 Nutrition Education at Mobile Markets: Community-engaged, Evidence-based Interventions to Address Obesity in Low-income Neighborhoods in Milwaukee as a Report from the Field for the book Obesity Interventions in Underserved US Communities: Evidence and Directions, pages 325-336, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press.
Ahmed SM, Nelson D, Kissack A, Franco Z, Whittle J, Kotchen T, Meurer JR, Morzinski J, Brandenburg T. Towards Building a Bridge between Community Engagement in Research (CEnR) and Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER). Clin Transl Sci. 2014 Dec 2. doi: 10.1111/cts.12236.
Mosack, K.E, Patterson, L., Brouwer, A.M., Wendorf, A.R., Ertl, K., Eastwood, D., Morzinski, J., Fletcher, K., & Whittle, J. (2013). Evaluation of a peer-led hypertension intervention for veterans: Impact on peer leaders. Health Education Research, 28 (3), 426-436.
Lerner EB, Roberts J, Guse CE et al. Does EMS perceived anatomic injury predict trauma center need? Prehosp Emerg Care. 2013;17(3):312-6.
Sanders J, Guse C, Onuoha BC. Pilot study of a new model for managing hypertension in an uninsured population. J Prim Care Community Health. 2013;4(1):44-9.
Ellis JL and Morzinski JA. Training Lay Volunteers to Promote Health in Central-City African American Churches. Journal of Christian Nursing. 2013; 30(2): 112-116.
Kharofa RY, Meurer JR, Nelson D. “Perceptions About Eating Healthy in WIC Participants”. Clinical Pediatrics, 03/25/13.
Nokes KM, Nelson DA, McDonald MA, Hacker K, Gosse J, Sanford B and Opel S. “Faculty Perceptions of How Community-Engaged Research is Valued in Tenure, Promotion, and Retention Decisions”. Clinical and Translational Science, 2013;6 (4):259-266.
Kusch JD, Nelson DA, Simpson D, Gerrits R. and Glass L. “Using AI to Understand Key Success Features in Evolving CTSAs. Clinical and Translational Science, 2013;6 (4):314–316.
Bedinghaus J, Nelson D. Team-Based Learning of Evidence-Based Medicine: Screening. MedEdPORTAL; 2013.
Nelson D., Bedinghaus J. Team-Based Learning of EBM: Case-Control and Cohort Studies. MedEdPORTAL; 2013.
Bedinghaus J, Nelson, D., Team-Based Learning of EBM: Randomized Controlled Trials MedEdPORTAL; 2013.
Bedinghaus J, Nelson D. Team-Based Learning of EBM: Diagnostic Testing. MedEdPORTAL; 2013
Bradford L, Eldredge CE, Morzinski, JA. Training community-engaged researchers. Acad. Med. 2013; Feb; 88(2):154. PMID: 23361025
Ambuel B, Hamberger K, Guse C, Melzer-Lange M, Phelan MB, Kistner A; (2013)”Healthcare can change from within: Sustained Improvement in the Healthcare Response to Intimate Partner Violence”. J Fam Viol, 2013 (DOI) 10.1007/s10896-013-9550-9.
Marriott LK, Nelson DA, Allen S, Calhoun K, Eldredge CE, Kimminau KS, Lucero RJ, Pineda-Reyes F, Rumala BB, Varanasi AP, Wasser JS, Shannon J, Using health information technology to engage communities in health, education, and research. Sci. Transl. Med.4, 119mr1 (2012).
Eldredge C and Schellhase K. “School-Based Management of Food Allergies in Children”. American Family Physician, 2012 86(1): 16-18.
Springer JB, Morzinski J and DeNomie M. “Promoting Youth Physical Activity and Health Career Awareness in an African American Faith Community”. International Public Health Journal 2012; 4(3), 1-13.
Young S, Zikos A, Morzinski J, Meurer L. Safe Transitions for Every Patient (STEP): A Resource Guide for Community Preceptors. MedEdPORTAL; 2012.
Ahmed, S., Nelson, D., Biedrzycki, P., Sandy, M., Opel, S., & Franco, Z. (2012). Community Engagement for Translational Disaster Research: Fostering Public, Private & Responder Group Partnerships. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM2012). Vancouver, Canada. [ISBN: 978-0-86491-332-6].
Hayes, A., Franco Z., Lancaster, J. & Kissack, A. (2012). Disaster Medical Education & Simulated Crisis Events: A Translational Approach. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM2012). Vancouver, Canada. [ISBN: 978-0-86491-332-6].
Rothkrantz, L., Ristvej, J. & Franco, Z (Eds.) (2012). Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM2012). Vancouver, Canada. [ISBN: 978-0-86491-332-6]
Fracasso, C. L., Franco, Z., MacDonald, D., & Friedman, H. (2011). Measuring the transpersonal: The research and mentoring contributions of Harris Friedman. NeuroQuantology, 9(3), 499-514.
Simpson DE, Meurer LN, Braza D: Meeting the Scholarly Project Requirement—Application of Scholarship Criteria beyond Research [Rip Out]. 2012 March; 4(1): 111–112. doi:10.4300/JGME-D-11-00310.1
Meurer LN, Diehr S: Community Engaged Scholarship – Meeting Scholarly Project Requirements while Advancing Community Health [Rip Out]. J Grad Med Educ. 2012 September; 4(3): 385–386. doi:10.4300/JGME-D-12-00164.1
Morzinski J, Patterson L, Ertl K, Wilke N, Fletcher K, Wurm C, Hayes A, Whittle J. Peer-Leader Training to Improve the Health of Veterans: The POWER Curriculum. CES4Health.info, 2012.
Patterson L, McGinley E, Ertl K, Morzinski J, Fyfe R, Whittle J. Location and organizational features: What type of veteran communities participate in health programs. Program Community Health Partnership. 2012 Summer; 6(2):141-52.
Schapira M, Fletcher K, Hayes A, Eastwood D, Patterson L, et al. The development and validation of the hypertension evaluation lifestyle and management knowledge scale. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012 Jul;14(7):461-6
Mosak KE, Wendorf A, Brouwer A, Patterson L, Ertl K, et al. (2012). Qualitative outcome evaluation of POWER II: A peer-led hypertension intervention for veterans service organization members. Chronic Illn. 2012; 8 (4): 252-264.
Maresh J, Guse C, Layde P. National trends and coding patterns in fall-related mortality among the elderly in the United States. J Public Health Policy. 2012;33(2):202-14.
Grundstrom AC, Guse CE, Layde PM. Risk factors for falls and fall-related injuries in adults 85 years of age and older. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2012;54(3):421-8.
Layde PM, Christiansen AL, Peterson DJ, Guse CE, Maurana CA, Brandenburg T. A model to translate evidence-based interventions into community practice. Am J Public Health. 2012;102(4):617-24.
Carroll CP, Cochran JA, Guse CE, Wang MC. Are we underestimating the burden of traumatic brain injury? Surveillance of severe traumatic brain injury using centers for disease control International classification of disease, ninth revision, clinical modification, traumatic brain injury codes. Neurosurgery. 2012;71(6):1064-70; discussion 1070.
Christopher, S., Ahmad, N.Y., Bradford, L., Collins, J.L., Eskra, K., LaPean, A., O'Tool, F.O., Roedl, S.J., Farrell, M.H. (2012). A method to assess the organizing behaviours used in physicians' counseling of standardized parents after newborn genetic screening. Communication & Medicine, 9(2), 101-111. DOI: 10.1558/cam.v9i2.101
Carlisle, R., Tsang, J., Ahmad, N. Y., Worthington, E., Van Oyen Witvliet, C., & Wade, N. (2012) The differential effects of restitution and apology on behavioral and self-reported forgiveness. Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(4), 294-305. DOI:10.1080/17439760.2012.690444
Ahmed S, Size T, Crouse B, Patterson L, Gass E, Karon S, Lund L, Abert C, Wergin A, Hegranes K, Bishop L, Duffy S, and Jacobson K. Strong Rural Community Initiative (SCRI) Program: Challenges in Promoting Healthier Lifestyles. Wisconsin Medical Journal. 2011; 110(3):119-126.
Brixey S, Corden T, Guse C, and Layde PM. Booster seat legislation: does it work for all children? Injury Prevention. 2011; 17(4):233-7.
Lerner E, Shah M, Cushman J, Swor R, Guse C, Brasel K, Blatt A, and Jurkovich G. Does Mechanism of Injury Predict Trauma Center Need? Prehospital Emergency Care. 2011; 15(4):518-525.
Grundstrom AC, Guse CE, Layde PM. Risk factors for falls and fall-related injuries in adults 85 years of age and older. Archives of Gerontology & Geriatrics. 2011; Aug 19 [Epub ahead of print].
Shore N, Drew E, Brazauskas R, and Seifer S. Relationships between community-based processes for research ethics review and institution-based IRBs: a national study. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics (JERHRE). 2011; 6(2):13-21.
Drew E and Schoenberg N. Deconstructing Fatalism: Ethnographic Perspectives on Women’s Decision Making about Cancer Prevention and Treatment. Medical Anthropology Quarterly. 2011; 25(2):164-182.
Kahn C, Jr, Kalpahty-Cramer J, Lam C, and Eldredge C. Accurate Determination of Imaging Modality using an Ensemble of Test- and Image-Based Classifiers. Journal of Digital Imaging 2011 DOI 10.1007/s10278-011-9399-5.
Franco Z, Blau K, and Zimbardo P. Heroism: A conceptual analysis and differentiation between heroic action and altruism. Review of General Psychology. 2011; 15(2):99-113.
Schlotthauer A, Guse C, Brixey S, Corden T, Hargarten S, and Layde P. Motor Vehicle Crashes Associated with Alcohol: Child Passenger Injury and Restraint Use. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2011; 40(3):320–323.
Lerner E, Shah M, Swor R, Cushman J, Guse C, Brasel K, Blatt A, and Jurkovich G. Comparison of the 1999 and 2006 Trauma Triage Guidelines: Where do Patients Go?; Prehospital Emergency Care. 2011; 15(1):12-7.
Alt K, Nguyen A, and Meurer L. The Effectiveness of Educational Programs to Improve Recognition and Reporting of Elder Abuse and Neglect: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect. 2011; 23(3):213-233.
Meurer L, Young S, Meurer J, Johnson S, Gilbert I, Diehr S, and the Urban and Community Health Pathway Planning Council. The Urban and Community Health Pathway Preparing Socially Responsive Physicians Through Community-Engaged Learning. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2011; 41(453): S228-S236.
Hinojosa M, Nelson D, Hinojosa R, Delgado A, Witzack B, Gonzalez M, Elliott W, Steiner J, Fontanez M, and Farias R. Using fotonovelas to promote healthy eating in a Latino community. American Journal of Public Health. 2011; 101(2):258-259.
Patterson L, Morzinksi J, Ertl K, Wurm C, Hayes A, and Whittle J. Engaging Community-Based Veterans’ Organizations in Health Promotion Programs. Family and Community Health. 2011; 34(4):311-8.
Delaney M, Schellhase K, Young S, Geiger S, Fink A, and Mast E. Blood Center Practice and Education for Blood Donors with Anemia. Transfusion. 2011; 51(5):929-936.
Ahmed S, Holmquist M, Young S, and Maurana C. Strategies to Learn from Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) Challenges: Prepare, Preempt, Predict, Prevent, and Participate. In: Harter L, Hamel-Lambert J, and Millesen J (eds): Case Studies in Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR). Kendal Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, 2010 (Invited).
Ahmed S and Palermo A. Community Engagement in Research: Frameworks for Education and Peer Review. American Journal of Public Health. 2010; 100(8):1380-1387.
Ahmed S, Lemkau J, and Hershberger, P. Psychosocial Influences in Health. In: Rakel RE (ed): The Textbook of Family Practice, 8th Edition, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 2010 (Invited).
Shore N, Brazauskas R, Drew E, Wong K, Moy L, Corage-Baden A, Cyr K, Ulevicus J, and Seifer S. Understanding Community-Based Processes for Research Ethics Review: A National Study. American Journal of Public Health [Epub ahead of print]. Dec 16, 2010.
Franco Z and Zimbardo P. The Banality of Heroism. In Keltner D, Marsh J, & Smith JA (eds.): The Compassionate Instinct: The science of human goodness. New York: Norton, 2010.
Brixey S, Ravindran K, and Guse C. Legislating child restraint usage – Its effect on self-reported child restraint use rates in a central city. Journal of Safety Research. 2010; 41(1):47-52.
Carroll C, Cochran J, Price J, Guse C, and Wang M. The AIS-2005 Revision in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Mission Accomplished or Problems for Future Research? Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine Annual Scientific Conference. 2010; 54, 233-8.
Brixey S, Guse C, and Gorelick M. Reliability and Validity of Child Passenger Safety Restraint Observations by Community Observers. Traffic Injury Prevention. 2010; 11(6):573-7.
Hamberger LK, Guse C, Patel D, and Griffin E. Increasing physician inquiry for intimate partner violence in a family medicine setting: Placing a screening prompt on the patient record. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, & Trauma. 2010; 19(8): 839-852.
Hinojosa M, Hinojosa R, Nelson D, Delgado A, Witzack B, Gonsalex M, Farias R, Ahmed S, and Meurer L. Salud de la Mujer: Using Fotonovelas to Increase Health Literacy Among Latinas. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 2010; 4(1):25-30.
Hinojosa R, Hinojosa MS, Nelson K, and Nelson D. Veteran Family Reintegration, Primary Care Needs, and the Benefit of the Patient-Centered Medical Home Model. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. 2010; 23(6):770–774.
Hayes A, Morzinski J, Ertl K, Wurm C, Patterson L. Wilke N, and Whittle J. Preliminary Description of the Feasibility of Using Peer Leaders to Encourage Hypertension Self-Management. Wisconsin Medical Journal. 2010; 109(2):85-90.
Whittle J, Fletcher K, Morzinski J, Ertl K, Patterson L, Jensen W, and Schapira MM. Ethical Challenges in a Randomized Controlled Trial of Peer Education Among Veterans Service Organizations. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. 2010; 5(4):43-51.
Wanta B, Schlotthauer A, Guse C, and Hargarten S. The Burden of Suicide in Wisconsin’s Older Adult Population. Wisconsin Medical Journal. 2009; 108(2):87-93.
Brixey S, Guse C, and Ngui E. Free Child Passenger Restraints for Patients in an Urban Pediatric Medical Home: Effects on Caregiver Behavior. Wisconsin Medical Journal. 2009; 108(7):352-358.
Brixey S and Guse C. Knowledge and behaviors of physicians and caregivers about appropriate child passenger restraint use. Journal of Community Health. 2009; 34(6):547-52.
Hanrahan R, Layde P, Zhu S, Guse C, and Hargarten SW. The association of driver age with traffic injury severity in Wisconsin. Traffic Injury Prevention. 2009; 10(4):361-7.
Tonellato D, Guse C, and Hargarten S. Injury Deaths of US Citizens Abroad: New Data Source, Old Travel Problem. Journal of Travel Medicine. 2009; 16(5):304-310.
Brotzman G, Guse C, Fay D, Schellhase K, and Marbella A. Implementing an Electronic Medical Record at a Residency Site: Physicians’ Perceived Effects on Quality of Care, Documentation, and Productivity. Wisconsin Medical Journal. 2009; 108 (2):99-103.
Fay D, Schellhase K, and Suresh G. Bilirubin Screening for Normal Newborns: A Critique of the Hour-Specific Bilirubin Nomogram. Pediatrics. 2009; 124(4):1203-1205.
Green L, Dickinson W, Nease D, Schellhase K, Campos-Outcalt D, and Schoof BK. AAFP Guideline for the Detection and Management of Post-Myocardial Infarction Depression. Annals of Family Medicine. 2009; 7(1):71-79.
Ambuel B, Phelan MB, Hamberger LK, and Wollf M. Healthcare Can Change From Within: A Sustainable Model for Intimate Partner Violence Intervention and Prevention. In Banyard V, Edwards V & Kendall-Tackett K (Eds.). Trauma and physical health: Integrating trauma practice into primary care. Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press, 2009.
Phelan MB, Hamberger LK, Ambuel B, and Wolff M. Screening for Intimate Partner Violence in the health care setting. Family and Intimate Partner Violence Quarterly. 2009; 1(4):327-360
Bower D, Young S, Larson G, Simpson D, Tipnis S, Begaz T, and Webb T. Characteristics of Patient Encounters that Challenge Medical Students’ Provision of Patient-Centered Care. Academic Medicine. 2009; 84(10):S74-S78.
Young, S. Professional relationships and power dynamics between urban community-based nurses and social work case managers: Advocacy in action. Professional Case Management. 2009; 14(6):312–320.
Young S, Fink A, Geiger S, Marbella A, Mast A, and Schellhase K. Community blood donors’ knowledge of anemia and design of a literacy-appropriate educational intervention. Transfusion. 2009; 50(1):75-79.