Census of Agriculture

Topic/focus: Demographics, Other
Year(s): 1850 - 2012 (online)
Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture
Study and sample characteristics: Survey of farms or ranches
Universe: Farms or ranches that sold or normally would have sold $1,000 or more in agricultural products during the census year
Variables: Varies based on year
Access: Publicly available
Cost: Free to download
Key web links: Census of Agriculture and National Agricultural Statistics Service
Primary Institutional Contact: EDRC Coordinator (tchelius@mcw.edu)

Summary: The Census of Agriculture, taken every five years, is a complete count of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. The Census looks at land use and ownership, operator characteristics, production practices, income and expenditures. For Census purposes, a farm is any place from which $1,000 or more of agricultural products were produced and sold, or normally would have been sold, during the Census year.