1. Johnstone J, Saxinger L, McDermid R, Bagshaw S, Resch L, Lee B, et al. Human Rabies -- Alberta, Canada, 2007. MMWR 2008;57(8):1-4.
  2. Rubin J, David D, Willoughby RE, Jr., Rupprecht CE, Garcia C, Guarda DC, et al. Applying the Milwaukee Protocol to treat canine rabies in Equatorial Guinea. Scand J Infect Dis 2009;41(5):372-5.
  3. Hunter M, Johnson N, Hedderwick S, McCaughey C, Lowry K, McConville J, et al. Immunovirological correlates in human rabies treated with therapeutic coma. J Med Virol 2010 Jul;82(7):1255-65.
  4. Aramburo A, Willoughby RE, Bollen AW, Glaser CA, Hsieh CJ, Davis SL, et al. Failure of the Milwaukee protocol in a child with rabies. Clin Infect Dis 2011 Sep;53(6):572-4.
  5. O'Sullivan A, Willoughby RE, Mishchuk D, Alcarraz B, Cabezas-Sanchez C, Condori RE, et al. Metabolomics of cerebrospinal fluid from humans treated for rabies. J Proteome Res 2013 Jan 4;12(1):481-90.
  6. Caicedo Y, Paez A, Kuzmin I, Niezgoda M, Orciari LA, Yager PA, et al. Virology, immunology and pathology of human rabies during treatment. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2015 May;34(5):520-8.
  7. Willoughby RE, Jr. Rabies: Rare Human Infection - Common Questions. Infect Dis Clin North Am 2015 Dec;29(4):637-50.
  8. Wiedeman J, Plant J, Glaser C, Messenger S, Wadford D, Sheriff H, et al. Recovery of a patient from clinical rabies--California, 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2012 Feb 3;61(4):61-5.

Contact Us

We are very interested in hearing constructive comments on the Milwaukee protocol, but it is much more important that patients receiving the Milwaukee protocol or its components be registered so that this information can be shared openly with the international medical community.

We are also happy to share experiences on the management of patients with rabies. Please recognize that the website and email links are operated under minimal budget and by few individuals. We cannot guarantee 24 hours daily / 7 days weekly responses to emails, but will try our best to respond quickly. The Centers for Disease Control, Rabies Branch (404) 639-1050; after hours: (770) 488-7100 always has experts on call to assist in the diagnosis and management of rabies.

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