The basic and clinical science research programs in the Division of Pediatric Surgery include six research laboratories with aggregate funding of approximately $2 million this fiscal year. The largest single source of funding is the National Institutes of Health. The Division includes 4 full-time research faculty with PhD degrees in basic disciplines, one faculty member with a PhD in epidemiology and expertise in clinical research, and a number of postdoctoral students, fellows and residents. Pediatric Surgeons, Keith Oldham, MD, David Gourlay, MD and John Densmore, MD, direct three of the laboratories. In addition, members of the Division have active federal grants related to health services research and pediatric trauma. Each trainee is expected to develop an abstract or publication for national publication annually. Appropriate research personnel provide assistance, as trainee time is limited. Trainees are encouraged to attend and are supported for one professional meeting annually, usually the APSA or AAP meeting, as well as other meetings for professional presentations.