Department of Ophthalmology Case Studies
For Medical Students
This is a collection of case studies to help you get an insight on the typical history and initial examination of various ophthalmic disorders. The discussion, although brief, is intended to give you a simple overview of each disease. The questions at the end of each case are a good review for M3 Ophthalmology rotation final examination. Feel free to contact Dr. Wanda Martinez or Dr. Kimberly Stepien with any questions regarding the cases.
After thoroughly reviewing these case studies, the learner will be able to:
Recognize and describe the typical presentation of common conditions affecting the anterior and posterior segments of the eye;
Consider a range of multiple etiologies when examining patients with eye or vision problems, including trauma, infection, congenital abnormalities, autoimmunity, vascular issues, metabolic deficiencies, and environmental causes;
Recall the basic pathophysiology underlying numerous ophthalmic conditions;
Evaluate the significance of clinical findings in relation to common ophthalmic diseases;
Formulate a differential diagnosis after reviewing the patient’s history and ocular exam;
Identify which laboratory tests or exams are appropriate to confirm and evaluate specific ophthalmic diagnoses;
Discuss therapeutic options and treatment plans for a number of acute and chronic ophthalmic diseases.
Acute left eye pain and blurry vision
Left eye pain and fuzzy vision 2 days after eye surgery
Girl rubbing her R eye after trauma
Red eye and pain on the left
Blurry vision in the left eye for 2 weeks
Acute pain and burning in L eye
Blurry vision in both eyes and headaches
"Cannot see well" from left eye
2 brief episodes of vision loss in the R eye
Disclaimer for Our Patients-
Although these cases provide a little information on the typical presentation of various ophthalmic diseases it should not replace a personal consultation with an ophthalmologist or other eye care provider. If you are having any problems with your vision, feel free to call (414) 955-2020 and make an appointment to see any of us. We would be delighted to see you.