Kathleen M. Schmainda, PhD
MSEE, Electrical Engineering, MIT, 1989
PhD, Medical Engineering, Harvard-MIT, 1993
MA, Postdoctoral Fellowship in MRI, Massachusetts General Hospital, 1993-1995
Honors and Awards
1989-1990 - Gillette Fellow, Medical Engineering and Medical Physics, Harvard-MIT, Cambridge, MA
1993-1994 - Sterling Winthrop Fellow, Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard-MIT, Cambridge, MA
1998 - Featured in Milwaukee Business Journal's "40 Under 40"
1999 - American Society of Neuroradiology Meeting, Magna Cum Laude, awarded to "Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging in stroke: A comparison of spin-echo and FLAIR spin echo diffusion sensitive techniques," JL Ulmer, AT Olson, LL Latour, OB Nordling, KM Donahue
2001 - 101st Annual Scientific Meeting of American Roentgen Ray Society, Seattle, Washington, Scientific Exhibit Gold Medal awarded to "Physiologic magnetic resonance imaging of the brain: A conceptual approach to contrast mechanisms and measureable physiologic parameters," JL Ulmer, JM Strottmann, RW Prost, KM Schmainda, BB Biswal, LP Mark, DL Daniels
2004 - International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine Meeting, Young Investigator Moore Award, awarded to "Intravoxel distribution of DWI decay rates reveals C6 glioma invasion in rat brain," *KM Bennett, JS Hyde, SD Rand, R Bennett, HGJ Krouwer, KJ Rebro, KM Schmainda
2004 - International Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine Meeting, First Place Poster Award, Cancer Imaging and Spectroscopy, awarded to "The anti-angiogenic drug, SU11657 decreases brain tumor size and normalizes perfusion as indicated by DSC-MRI perfusion parameters," *CC Quarles, FC Wu, M Darpolor, SD Rand, HGJ Krouwer, KM Schmainda
2004 - American Society of Neuroradiology Meeting, Summa Cum Laude, awarded to "Lesion-induced neurovascular uncoupling can mimic cortical reorganization by BOLD fMRI," JL Ulmer, L Hacein-Bey, VP Mathews, EA DeYoe, RW Prost, KM Schmainda, WM Mueller, HGJ Krouwer
A primary focus of our laboratory is the development of MRI methods to assess brain tumor angiogenesis and invasion. Angiogenesis is the process of new vessel formation that enables tumors to grow and spread. Invasion describes the process whereby tumor cells enter and spread to other parts of the brain, making brain tumors very difficult to treat.
The methods developed in our laboratory can provide information about the normal brain and the vascular structure of tumors, the amount of blood volume in the brain and tumor (cerebral blood volume [CBV]), and the perfusion or delivery of blood to the tumor (cerebral blood flow [CB]). In addition, by using MRI methods capable of measuring the micromolecular movement of tissue water (i.e., diffusion), we have demonstrated the potential to track tumor progression and, possibly, invasion.
These vascular and diffusion parameters provide information about tumor biology that is not currently available with standard MRI used in clinical practice. Measurement of these parameters holds promise for providing a more complete assessment of the primary tumor and tumor spread, and for evaluating novel (e.g., anti-angiogenic) therapies. Studies performed in our laboratory address issues ranging from characterizing the basic biophysical relationships between the MRI signal and tumor biology to translating these methods to the clinical setting.
Mona Al-Gizawiy, PhD, Research Scientist I
Cathy Marszalkowski, Clinical Research Coordinator II
Melissa Prah, Engineer II
Robert Wujek, Graduate Student
Quantitative Delta T1 (dT1) as a Replacement for Adjudicated Central Reader Analysis of Contrast-Enhancing Tumor Burden: A Subanalysis of the American College of Radiology Imaging Network 6677/Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0625 Multicenter Brain Tumor Trial.
(Schmainda KM, Prah MA, Zhang Z, Snyder BS, Rand SD, Jensen TR, Barboriak DP, Boxerman JL.) AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2019 Jul;40(7):1132-1139.
(Schmainda KM, Prah MA, Hu LS, Quarles CC, Semmineh N, Rand SD, Connelly JM, Anderies B, Zhou Y, Liu Y, Logan B, Stokes A, Baird G, Boxerman JL.) AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2019 Apr;40(4):626-633.
(Bell LC, Semmineh N, An H, Eldeniz C, Wahl R, Schmainda KM, Prah MA, Erickson BJ, Korfiatis P, Wu C, Sorace AG, Yankeelov TE, Rutledge N, Chenevert TL, Malyarenko D, Liu Y, Brenner A, Hu LS, Zhou Y, Boxerman JL, Yen YF, Kalpathy-Cramer J, Beers AL, Muzi M, Madhuranthakam AJ, Pinho M, Johnson B, Quarles CC.) Tomography. 2019 03;5(1):110-117.
The Impact of Arterial Input Function Determination Variations on Prostate Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging Pharmacokinetic Modeling: A Multicenter Data Analysis Challenge, Part II.
(Huang W, Chen Y, Fedorov A, Li X, Jajamovich GH, Malyarenko DI, Aryal MP, LaViolette PS, Oborski MJ, O'Sullivan F, Abramson RG, Jafari-Khouzani K, Afzal A, Tudorica A, Moloney B, Gupta SN, Besa C, Kalpathy-Cramer J, Mountz JM, Laymon CM, Muzi M, Kinahan PE, Schmainda K, Cao Y, Chenevert TL, Taouli B, Yankeelov TE, Fennessy F, Li X.) Tomography. 2019 03;5(1):99-109.
(Alhajala HS, Nguyen HS, Shabani S, Best B, Kaushal M, Al-Gizawiy MM, Erin Ahn EY, Knipstein JA, Mirza S, Schmainda KM, Chitambar CR, Doan NB.) Oncotarget. 2018 Sep 25;9(75):34122-34131.
(Schmainda KM, Prah MA, Rand SD, Liu Y, Logan B, Muzi M, Rane SD, Da X, Yen YF, Kalpathy-Cramer J, Chenevert TL, Hoff B, Ross B, Cao Y, Aryal MP, Erickson B, Korfiatis P, Dondlinger T, Bell L, Hu L, Kinahan PE, Quarles CC.) AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2018 06;39(6):1008-1016.
(Chitambar CR, Al-Gizawiy MM, Alhajala HS, Pechman KR, Wereley JP, Wujek R, Clark PA, Kuo JS, Antholine WE, Schmainda KM.) Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 06;17(6):1240-1250.
(Doan NB, Nguyen HS, Alhajala HS, Jaber B, Al-Gizawiy MM, Ahn EE, Mueller WM, Chitambar CR, Mirza SP, Schmainda KM.) Oncotarget. 2018 May 04;9(34):23532-23542.
(Ratai EM, Zhang Z, Fink J, Muzi M, Hanna L, Greco E, Richards T, Kim D, Andronesi OC, Mintz A, Kostakoglu L, Prah M, Ellingson B, Schmainda K, Sorensen G, Barboriak D, Mankoff D, Gerstner ER, ACRIN 6684 trial group.) PLoS One. 2018;13(6):e0198548.
(Malyarenko D, Fedorov A, Bell L, Prah M, Hectors S, Arlinghaus L, Muzi M, Solaiyappan M, Jacobs M, Fung M, Shukla-Dave A, McManus K, Boss M, Taouli B, Yankeelov TE, Quarles CC, Schmainda K, Chenevert TL, Newitt DC.) J Med Imaging (Bellingham). 2018 Jan;5(1):011006.
(Doan NB, Alhajala H, Al-Gizawiy MM, Mueller WM, Rand SD, Connelly JM, Cochran EJ, Chitambar CR, Clark P, Kuo J, Schmainda KM, Mirza SP.) Oncotarget. 2017 Dec 22;8(68):112662-112674.
(Alhajala HS, Nguyen HS, Shabani S, Best B, Kaushal M, Al-Gizawiy MM, Ahn EYE, Knipstein JA, Mirza S, Schmainda KM, Chitambar CR, Doan NB.) Oncotarget. 1 September 2018;9(75):34122-34131.