For Patients and Families
What is Precision Medicine?
Precision Medicine is a very exciting and promising area of medicine where we are able to diagnose and design treatment plans that highly personalized to match the differences in each individual’s DNA.
For example, two people may be diagnosed with the exact same type of cancer, but they may respond to certain treatments completely different based solely on their DNA make-up.
The GSPMC has a cutting-edge molecular laboratory and bioinformatic capabilities that are designed for the sole purpose of determining the existence of these small but significant variations in a patient’s DNA. This information can open many doors to more effective treatments and allow access to the latest clinical trials and possibly end the Diagnostic Odyssey. The GSPMC Precision Medicine Laboratory provides state-of-the-art genomic services for almost all diagnosis types, providing clinicians with actionable data at industry-leading turnaround time and in a cost-effective manner to both the patient and the referring institution.
The Power of Academic Medicine
Genetic Testing Comparisons
|Clinical Genomic Testing||Recreational DNA Testing|
|Purpose||Medical diagnosis, treatment, prevention or management of disease||General personal interest/curiosity, not medical management|
Disease causing genetic variation
Carrier status for recessive conditions
DNA family connections
|Testing Coverage||Comprehensive sequencing of millions of base pairs throughout the genome and exome
Can detect multiple types of genetic variations
|Hundreds of thousands single base pairs (SNPs) 'spots' in the genome
Not designed to detect disease variants
|Access to Services||Ordering physician required; medical services provided||Direct to consumer; online submission|
|Sample||Typically a blood draw||Typically saliva collection|
|Regulations||Analytical validity assessed through Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certification and College of American Pathologist (CAP) accreditation. Clinical validity and utility ensured by following American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines.
||None, however FDA will intervene if a company markets the product as a medical test.|
|Privacy||Subject to Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) protections.
||Information may be shared with 3rd parties. Privacy policies vary with each company.
|Example||Whole exome or genome sequencing
Disease specific gene panels
Talking With Your Doctor
- Should / Can I get a second opinion?
- Is this type of cancer caused by my genetics? Are other members of my family at disk?
- Are there molecular tests available that may lead to better treatment or possible clinical trials?