MCW Office of Global Health

Global Health Research

MCW faculty are global collaborators in studying the world’s research questions. They are engaging in local research efforts at address global health issues at home as well as multi-national, multi-site research collaborations. Research collaborations stretch across the disciplines of behavioral medicine, biostatistics, emergency medicine, epidemiology, psychiatry, public health, surgery, amongst medical specialties. They are engaged in multi-country research studies in over two dozen countries like Belize, El Salvador, Great Britain, Haiti, Nepal, Liberia, Israel Nigeria, Kenya, Panama, Peru, Poland, Russia, Rwanda, Turkey, Uganda, and the United States. They are collaborating in global research in health issues that span cancer, chronic disease, COVID-19, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, neglected tropical disease, leishmaniasis, ocular disorders, pediatric procedural sedation, perioperative pain management, injury, social determinants of health, substance use, trauma, for example.

Dr. Elaine Kohler Summer Academy of Global Health Research

Dr. Elaine Kohler, a MCW alumnus (Pediatrics Fellowship 1968) and former Associate Professor of Pediatrics (1968-1981) is remembered by her medical colleagues and within the community she served with deep respect for her advocacy in the fields of diabetes, obesity, heavy metal toxicity and mental health. This scholarship fund is for the summer global health research program for medical students who seek to recognize Dr. Kohler’s legacy long after her untimely death in 1981. The fund, provided by the Wm. Collins Kohler Foundation, pays tribute to her life’s local and global health work by providing support for those projects and individuals who carry on her selfless commitment to helping others.

The Dr. Elaine Kohler Summer Academy of Global Health Research encourages talented rising M2's to enter the research field during a 10-week hands-on experience. Over the course of the summer, students split their research experience addressing health disparities both locally in Milwaukee and internationally with our faculty’s global collaborators. This mentored experience allows students the opportunity to address global health issues such as Adolescent Health; Cancer, Disaster Preparedness; Environmental Health; Healthcare Systems Management; HIV/AIDS; Hospice Care; Infectious Disease; Injury; Population Health; Quality Improvement; Tropical Dermatology; Toxicology; Vector Control; and Water & Human Health. Students will be paired with a faculty member and their global and local partners.

Since 2011, 71 medical students have completed faculty mentored research with their global collaborators across 19 countries. View the global locations map and collaborators (PDF). Over 40% have disseminated their research via publications and academic conferences. View the scholarly outputs of past Kohler Scholars (PDF). Due to COVID-19 travel restrictions and an over abundance of safety, Kohler Scholars are engaging in global research areas from home.

Dr. Elaine Kohler Summer Academy

Summer 2021

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Nina Punyamurthy

International Organization

Medical College of WI

Faculty

Karolyn A. Wanat

Study

Invasive Fungal Infections at an Urban Tertiary Care Center - A Retrospective Review

Purpose

  1. Describe cutaneous fungal infections in the patient population of a tertiary care center
  2. Identify risk factors that contribute to the development of cutaneous fungal infections
  3. Identify treatment algorithms for these patients
Natalie Anumolu

International Organization

Makerere University

Faculty

Kirsten Beyer

Study

By the they run into [the] hospital, their life is already at stake

Purpose

  • Explore Ugandan HIV professionals’ knowledge and perceptions on CxCa, given HIV & HPV comorbidity
  • Identify perceived barriers and facilitators to CxCa screening and treatment, among women living with HIV (WLHIV)
Nisha Patel

International Organization

Medical College of WI

Faculty

Kirsten Beyer

Study

"Volume became our Achille’s heel” - Lessons learned from COVID-19 Response in Southeastern WI to build systems resilience for future challenges

Purpose

Characterize how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected individuals and organizations across sectors in greater Milwaukee’s seven counties (M7) by generating evidence to inform policy, strengthen partnerships, and improve practices to reduce healthcare disparities and prepare for COVID-19 long term effects and future public health emergencies

Rachel Weber

International Organization

Makerere University & Kampala Cancer Registry

Faculty

Kirsten Beyer

Study

Breast cancer incidence and predictive parish-level social determinants of health in and around Kampala, Uganda

Purpose

To identify associations between parish-level social determinants of health and the incidence of breast cancer within the Kampala Cancer Registry catchment area in order to inform the targeting of limited cancer prevention and control resources.

Jessica Miller

International Organization

Tunisian Center for Public Health & Global Health Strategies

Faculty

Melek Somai

Study

Rethinking data during a global pandemic: Open data initiative on COVID-19 in the middle east & North Africa

Purpose

  1. To create a centralized open source data repository for data about COVID-19 in the MENA region
  2. To automate and correlate data from various academic and public sources and produce a virtual platform and map which illustrates regional patterns and inequities in COVID-19 spread and vaccination
  3. To gauge the impact and utility of both a data repository and virtual platform
Morgan Leissring

International Organization

Hawassa University

Faculty

Libby Schroeder and Christopher Dodgion

Study

A scoping review of surgical access to pediatric patients with congenital anomalies in Ethiopia

Purpose

  • Conduct a scoping review of the literature to gain an understanding of the current research available on congenital anomalies in children in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs)
  • Assess the need for further research on surgical outcomes for congenital anomalies to inform interventions, policy, and capacity building at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital (HUCSH)
Jara McLarren

International Organization

University of Havana, Cuba/Calixto-Garcia Hospital

Faculty

Marc de Moya

Study

Teamwork as a mechanism to improve the surgical culture of safety

Purpose

  1. Conduct literature review to examine evidence regarding the relationship between teamwork and patient safety
  2. Identify teamwork interventions that have been implemented to improve the surgical culture of safety
Celeste Pain

International Organization

Calixto-Garcia Hospital, University of Havana

Faculty

Mac de Moya

Study

Trauma Registry and Complex Data Collection in Cuba: A Scoping Review

Purpose

  1. Explore the existing evidence on the effectiveness of using dat from trauma registries for quality improvement in LMIC
  2. Identify gaps in the implementation of similar programs in Cuba

Summer 2020

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Emily Nylon

International Organization

University of Rzeszów

Faculty

Dr. Greg Telega

Study

Attitudes of new mothers towards preventive immunizations (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

Conduct a literature search to identify what sources the global general public uses to find information on health topics including vaccines, and 2) Identify common myths and misinformation regarding childhood vaccinations.
Emily Krueger

International Organization

Dhulikhel Hospital

Faculty

Dr. Ted MacKinney & Dr. Dean Klinge

Study

Quality improvement for COPD patients in a Nepal hospital ER Perceived Prevalence of Peripheral Arterial Disease Amongst Nepali Medical Personnel (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

Survey Nepalese medical trainees (students and interns) on their perception of the prevalence of PAD among people in Nepal 2. Compare and contrast medical trainees’ level of comfort and familiarity of PAD diagnosis based on the amount of PAD lectures received.

Megan Yee

International Organization

Ifakara Research Institute Bagamoyo Hospital

Faculty

Dr. Karolyn Wanat

Study

Assessing the Feasibility and Acceptability of a Teledermatology Platform in Tanzania (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

To evaluate the feasibility of a secure TD platform in providing dermatologic consult services in Bagamoyo District Hospital (BDH) 2. To assess BDH healthcare provider and patient acceptability and comfortability with TD platform implementation.

Quamaine Bond

International Organization

Ifakara Research Institute Bagamoyo Hospital

Faculty

Dr. Karolyn Wanat

Study

Improving dermatology specialty outreach services in remote areas of Tanzania using teledermatology and teledermatopathology (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

To identify common dermatologic conditions seen and develop treatment protocols using available local formularies/resources. To develop targeted educational workshops to local providers to enhance knowledge in identifying and treating common dermatologic diseases.

Gifty Marfowaa

International Organization

MCW Center for Advancing Population Heath Sciences

Faculty

Dr. Leonard Egede & Dr. Rebekah Walker

Study

Relationship between social cohesion and chronic disease risk (diabetes) to understand the role of social capital in this pathway across 5 global regions (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russian Federation, South Africa) Explore the Lived Experience & Understanding the Impact of COVID-19 Among Inner-city African Americans (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

To examine the association between wealth and diabetes across five regions of the world.

Cassandre Krier

International Organization

Center for Advancing Women and Science and Medicine

Faculty

Dr. Libby Ellinas

Study

Impact of COVID-19 on Women (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

To determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on current medical students and their adaption to remote learning, and potential impacts on their professional development and future professional and personal decisions.

Michael Hii

International Organization

MCW Department of Emergency Medicine

Faculty

Dr. Caitlin Rublee

Study

Health outcomes of coal power in Wisconsin and benefits of renewable energy sources (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

To quantify the relationship between race/ethnicity, residential distance from CFPP and respiratory function of Wisconsin residents.

Kia Lechleitner

International Organization

The AIDS Support Organisation

Faculty

Dr. Kirsten Beyer

Study

Professional Perspectives on HPV and Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control in Women Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Uganda (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

Assess public health and health care professionals’ perspectives regarding HPV and CC among WHIV in Uganda in order to identify perceived barriers and facilitators and to guide potential interventions to reduce the burden of cervical cancer in Uganda.

Hannah Racicot

International Organization

HealthBuilders

Faculty

Dr. Laura Cassidy

Study

Access to mental health care and initiatives to improve health care in Rwanda (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

Conduct a scoping literature review to examine current evidence on mental healthcare access and effectiveness of mental health interventions in Rwanda 2. Identify themes in barriers to accessing care and effective mental health interventions 3. Provide mental health intervention recommendations to inform future grant submissions and a quality improvement project with Health Builders to strengthen mental health care infrastructure across their rural clinics in Rwanda.

Lauren Tostrud

International Organization

HealthBuilders

Faculty

Dr. Laura Cassidy

Study

Mental health status in Rwanda following the genocide HIV adherence in children of mothers with HIV (PDF) | Voice-over

Purpose

Aim 1: To conduct a scoping review of the literature in order to gain an understanding of the intergenerational effects of the genocide on the Tutsi people of Rwanda. Aim 2: To develop themes from the literature that identify and influence areas for further research on intergenerational effects. Aim 3: To assess the mental health status and needs in Rwanda in order to respond efficiently to the population’s needs and inform capacity building, interventions, and policy in partnership with Health Builders.

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Sarah Benett

Sarah Bennett Poster Presentation

International Organization
Child and Family Foundation Uganda and Makerere University, Uganda

Faculty
Dr. Laura Cassidy, PhD, Professor Epidemiology and Dr. Harriet Babikako, MPH, MBChB, PhD, Lecturer Child Health and Development Center

Study
Program Implementation and Assessment of the Malawai Developmental Assessment Tool for Young Children at the Child and Family Foundation of Uganda Clinic in Kampala, Uganda

Purpose
To assess the program implementation of the MDAT tool at the Child and Family Foundation of Uganda. Also, to evaluate neurodevelopment in children under 6 years old in Kampala Uganda

Raj Lodhia

Raj Lodhia Poster Presentation

International Organization
GORGAS Institute for Health Research and Panama Ministry of Health, Panama

Faculty
Dr. Nathan Gundacker, MD, Assistant Professor Infectious Disease

Study
Community Perceptions on Snake Envenomation in Panama (PDF)

Purpose
The majority of individuals surveyed in El Valle de Anton Panama, will be unfamiliar in proper snakebite treatment methodologies. A significant percentage of the population would prefer visiting “natural healers” in lieu of medical clinics to treat snake envenomation.

Nithya Sridhar

Nithya Sridhar Poster Presentation

International Organization
University College Dublin and Temple Street Children’s University Hospital, Ireland

Faculty
Dr. Stephen Hargarten, MPH, MD, Associate Dean Global Health

Study
Retrospective analysis of pediatric renal transplant biopsy data in Ireland: A 15-year review (PDF)

Purpose
To profile both therapeutic and graft outcomes in post-transplant patients who have undergone a renal biopsy in a national single center in Ireland

Alec Baca

Alec Baca Poster Presentation

International Organization
Lao-Korea National Children’s Hospital

Faculty
Dr. Theodore MacKinney, MD, Professor General Internal Medicine

Study
A Qualitative-Quantitative Study on the Accessibility of Online Medical information for Lao Medical Students and Physicians (PDF)

Purpose
This study explores limitations to online medical education, and the opportunity they create for FOAM, in Laos, a low-income Asian country with notably low proficiency in the English language.

Janki Mistry

Janki Mistry Poster Presentation

International Organization
Dhulikhel Hospital and Kathmandu University, Nepal

Faculty
Dr. Theodore MacKinney, MD, Professor General Internal Medicine and Dr. Roshana Shrestha, MD, Associate Professor, Emergency Department

Study
Baseline Assessment of COPD Management at Dhulikhel Hospital Emergency Department in Nepal (PDF)

Purpose
To understand the baseline characteristics of COPD patients and the service they receive in a Nepali hospital emergency department. Also, to identify key areas for quality improvement and implement a quality improvement intervention through a Plan Do Study Act model (PDSA)

Celestino Castanon

Celestino Castanon Poster Presentation

International Organization
Hospital General Calixto Garcia, Cuba

Faculty
Dr. Marc A De Moya, Chief Trauma and Critical Care, Surgery

Study
Implementation of a Tablet-Based Electronic Trauma Registry in a Cuban Hospital: a Feasibility Study (PDF)

Purpose
To determine the feasibility of implementing an electronic trauma registry in Calixto Garcia Hospital and identify the necessary fundamental changes to make the implementation possible.

Brittany Fickau

Brittany Fickau Poster Presentation

International Organization
Makerere University, Uganda

Faculty
Dr. Julia Dickson-Gomez, PhD, professor Epidemiology

Study
Assessing HIV Care for People who Inject Drugs in Kampala, Uganda (PDF)

Purpose
To explore HIV medical providers’ experiences with attitudes toward PLH who use substances. Also, to explore HIV providers’ knowledge about harm reduction practices, substance use disorders, and best practices in treating PLH who use substances.

Antonio Aguayo

Antonio Aguayo Poster Presentation

International Organization
Hospital General Calixto-Garcia de La Habana, Cuba

Faculty
Dr. Marc A De Moya, Chief Trauma and Critical Care, Surgery

Study
Identifying barriers to standardizing trauma care using an electronic medical record platform (T6) in Havana, Cuba (PDF)

Purpose
To identify the challenges of using an electronic medical record platform (T6) to standardize trauma care in a low resource setting and to determine the feasibility to overcome these challenges.