Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences at the Eye Institute
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MCW Ophthalmic Case Studies For Medical Students

This is a collection of case studies to help you get an insight on the typical history and initial examination of various ophthalmic disorders. The discussion, although brief, is intended to give you a simple overview of each disease. The questions at the end of each case are a good review for M3 Ophthalmology rotation final examination. Feel free to contact Judy Hoggatt, MD, with any questions regarding the cases.
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Disclaimer for Our Patients

Although these cases provide a little information on the typical presentation of various ophthalmic diseases it should not replace a personal consultation with an ophthalmologist or other eye care provider. If you are having any problems with your vision, feel free to call (414) 955-2020 and make an appointment to see any of us. We would be delighted to see you.


After thoroughly reviewing these case studies, the learner will be able to:

  • Recognize and describe the typical presentation of common conditions affecting the anterior and posterior segments of the eye
  • Consider a range of multiple etiologies when examining patients with eye or vision problems, including trauma, infection, congenital abnormalities, autoimmunity, vascular issues, metabolic deficiencies, and environmental causes
  • Recall the basic pathophysiology underlying numerous ophthalmic conditions
  • Evaluate the significance of clinical findings in relation to common ophthalmic diseases
  • Formulate a differential diagnosis after reviewing the patient’s history and ocular exam
  • Identify which laboratory tests or exams are appropriate to confirm and evaluate specific ophthalmic diagnoses
  • Discuss therapeutic options and treatment plans for a number of acute and chronic ophthalmic diseases

We've included a listing of commonly used ophthalmic abbreviations for your review.

Abbreviations (PDF)


Contact us

For questions regarding the cases contact Dr. Judy Hoggatt via email.